On account of the disruption in education due to the corona pandemic, we're opening up our platform for teachers, free of cost. Know More →

UPSC > World Polity

Explore popular questions from World Polity for UPSC. This collection covers World Polity previous year UPSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

Q 1.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

Which one of the following is not an essential element of a federal form of government?

A

Written Constitution

B

Independent judiciary

C

Division of power

Separation of powers

Explanation

In a federal form of government separation of powers is not an essential element. A federal state is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing states or regions under a central (federal) government in a single political system. So the federation is a form of government in which a division of powers between central govt, and regional govt. eg. lndia.

Q 2.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

Parliamentary Supremacy is the definite feature of the political system in

UK

B

India

C

Canada

D

Australia

Explanation

‘Parliamentary Supremacy’ is the definite feature of the political system in U.K.

Q 3.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

Which one of the following is the basis of federal government?

A

Supremacy of the parliament

B

Supremacy of Judiciary

Division of powers between federal and state government

D

single citizenship

Explanation

Federal Government-Division of powers between federal and state government.

Q 4.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

Government is classified as parliamentary and presidential on the basis of which of the following?

Relations between legislature and executive

B

Relations between politician and civil servants

C

Written or unwritten Constitutions

D

Rigid or Flexible Constitutions

Explanation

Government is classified as parliamentary and presidential on the basis of relations between legislature and executive.

Q 5.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

The presidential system operates on the principle of

A

Division of powers

Separation of powers

C

Fusion of powers

D

Balance of powers

Explanation

The presidential system operates on the principle of separation of powers. India follows a parliamentary system of government, which offers a clear separation of powers.

Q 6.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

The cabinet in the Parliamentary system is accountable to

A

The President

B

The Prime Minister

C

The Council of Ministers

The Legislature

Explanation

Cabinet in Parliamentary system is accountable to legislature' Presidential system is accountable to executive.

Q 7.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

Which one among the following statements is correct ? The press in democracy must

be free and impartial

B

be committed to the policies of the government

C

highlight the achievement of the government without criticizing its policies

D

criticize the policies of the government

Explanation

A press in democracy must be free and impartial.

Q 8.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

The Indian parliamentary system is different from the British Parliamentary system in that India has?

A

Both a real and a nominal executive

B

A system of collective responsibility

C

Bicameral legislature

The system of judicial review

Explanation

The law that the British Parliament enacts, cannot be brought to the Judiciary for its review unlike the Indian Parliament, wherein the legislation that it passes, undergoes a judicial review. Any such legislation, as passed in the Indian Parliament can also be struck down in case the courts declare it to be violating the basic structure of the Indian Constitution.

Q 9.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

Consider the following events :
1. Fourth general elections in India
2. Formation of Haryana state
3. Mysore named as Karnataka state
4. Meghalaya and Tripura become full states
Which one of the following is the correct chronological order of the above?

2-1-4-3

B

4-3-2-1

C

2-3-4-1

D

4-1-2-3

Explanation

Haryana state - Act 1966 Fourth Lok Sabha - 16th Mareh 1967 Manipur Tripura and Meghalaya- Act. 1971 Karnataka - Act. 1973

Q 10.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below :
List-I List-11 (Types of Government) (Characteristics) A. Parliamentary 1. Centralisation of powers Government B. Presidential 2. Division of powers Government C. Federal System 3. Separation of pow ers D. Unitary System 4. Collective responsibility

A

2 1 4 3

4 3 2 1

C

2 3 4 1

D

4 1 2 3

Q 11.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

Consider the following statements and select the correct answer from the codes given below :
Assertion (A):
Parliamentary system of government is based on the principle of collective responsibility.
Reason (R):
A parliamentary' defeat is not necessarily a sufficient cause for resignation of the Ministry.

A

Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

B

Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

A is true but R is false

D

A is false but R is true

Explanation

The ministers are collectively responsible to the parliament in general and to the Lok Sabha in particular (Article 75). The principle of collective responsibility implies that the Lok Sabha can remove the ministry (Council of Ministers headed by the prime minister) from office by passing a vote of no confidence.

Q 12.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

Consider the following features :
1. Presence of a nominal or titular head of state
2. Collective responsibility of cabinet
3. Accountability of executive to the legislature
4. Separation of powers
Which of these are the features of a parliamentary form of Government ?

A

2, 3 and 4

B

1, 2 and 4

C

1, 3 and 4

1, 2 and 3

Explanation

The features of parliamentary government in India are:
1. Nominal and Real Executive
2. Majority Party Rule.
3. Collective Responsibility
4. Political homogeneity
5. Double Membership
6. Leadership of the Prime Ministers
7. Dissolution of the Lower House
8. Secrecy
9. Fusion of Powers

Q 13.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below:
List-I List-II (Forms of Government) (Essential Features) A. Cabinet 1. Separation of powers Government B. Presidential 2. Collective responsibility Government C. Federal Government 3. Concentration of powers D. Unitary Government 4. Division of powers
5. Administrative law

A

3 4 2 5

2 1 4 3

C

3 5 1 2

D

4 1 2 5

Q 14.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

Which one of the following writs is issued during the pendency of proceedings in a court?

A

Mandamus

B

Certiorari

Prohibition

D

Quo warranto

Q 15.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

In which of the Indian Provinces the first Communist Government was established?

A

TamilNadu

B

Andhra Pradesh

Kerala

D

West Bengal

Explanation

In India it was the provinces of Kerala where first Communist government was formed in 1957 led by E. Nambudripad.

Q 16.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

Which one of the following States has granted Sanskrit language the status of the second official language of the state?

A

Bihar

B

Chhattisgarh

C

Uttar Pradesh

Uttarakhand

Explanation

Uttarakhand has given to Sanskrit as the status of second official language of the state in January 2010,

Q 17.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

Who of the following Presidents of India was associated with Trade Union Movement?

V. V. Giri

B

N. Sanjiva Reddy

C

K. R. Narayanan

D

Zakir Hussain

Explanation

V.V. Giri served as President of India during 1969 to 1974, He was actively associated with trade union movement. He was President of All-lndia Trade Union Congress (AITUC) tw ice. He was also associated with All India Railway Workers’ Federation.

Q 18.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

Which one the following statements is not correct?

A

The Constitutional Amendment Bill has to be passed by both houses of Parliament separately with special majority

B

Constitutional cases in Supreme Court is heard by mini mum Ii vc j udges

C

Freedom of press is included in the fundamental right - Freedom of speech and expression.

Zakir Hussain w as the first Vice President of lndia

Explanation

Dr. Zakir Hussain served as second Vice President of India. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was the first Vice President of India.

Q 19.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

The largest Union Territory of India is

A

Daman and Diu

B

Puducherry

Delhi

D

Chandigarh

Explanation

The top three largest union territories are Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Delhi and Puducherry.

Q 20.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

‘Pivot to Asia' is the strategy of the foreign policy of

India

B

Japan

C

China

D

U. S. A

Explanation

Pivot to Asia was one of the United States of America’s central foreign policy initiatives during the tenure of President Barack Obama.

Q 21.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

In a single transferable vote system, each voter is requirec to : Indicate one preference more than the seats to be filled up

A

Indicate one preference less than the total seats to be filled up

B

Indicate as many preferences as there are candidates to be elected

Indicate only a single preference

Explanation

In a single transferable vote system, each voter is required to indicate as many preferences as there are candidates to be elected.

Q 22.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

‘Balance of Power’ is an important principle of: Liberal thought in international politics

A

Liberal thoughts in international politics

B

Marxist thought in international politics

C

Traditional thought in international politics

Realist thought in international politics

Explanation

‘Balance of Power’ is an important principle of Realist thought in international politics which suggests that national security is enhanced when military capability is distributed so that no one state is strong enough to dominate all others.

Q 23.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

Which one among the following statements is correct? The press in democracy must -

be free and impartial

B

be committed to the policies of the government

C

highlight the achievement of the government without criticizing its policies

D

Criticize the policies of the government

Explanation

The press in democracy must be free and impartial.

Q 24.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

Vote on Account is meant for -

A

Vote on the report of CAG

B

To meet unforeseen expenditure

Appropriating funds pending due to passing of budget

D

Budget

E

None of the above/ More than one of the above

Explanation

The Vote on Account is the Special Provision given to the government to obtain the vote of Parliament to withdraw Money when the budget for the new financial year is not released or the elections are underway.

Q 25.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.67

There are different arguments given in favour of power sharing in a democratic political system. Which one of the following is not one of them?

A

It reduces conflict among different communities

B

Major community docs not impose its will on others

C

Since all are affected by the policies of the government, they should be consulted in the governance of the county

It speeds up the decision making process and improves the chances of unity of the country

Explanation

Power sharing in a Democratic political System does not speeds up the decision making process and improves the chances of unity of the country.