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UPSC

Explore popular questions from World Polity for UPSC. This collection covers World Polity previous year UPSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

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Q 1. Government is classified as parliamentary and presidential on the basis of which of the following?

Relations between legislature and executive

B

Relations between politician and civil servants

C

Written or unwritten Constitutions

D

Rigid or Flexible Constitutions

Explanation

Government is classified as parliamentary and presidential on the basis of relations between legislature and executive.

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Q 2. The cabinet in the Parliamentary system is accountable to

A

The President

B

The Prime Minister

C

The Council of Ministers

The Legislature

Explanation

Cabinet in Parliamentary system is accountable to legislature' Presidential system is accountable to executive.

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Q 3. Consider the following events :
1. Fourth general elections in India
2. Formation of Haryana state
3. Mysore named as Karnataka state
4. Meghalaya and Tripura become full states
Which one of the following is the correct chronological order of the above?

2-1-4-3

B

4-3-2-1

C

2-3-4-1

D

4-1-2-3

Explanation

Haryana state - Act 1966 Fourth Lok Sabha - 16th Mareh 1967 Manipur Tripura and Meghalaya- Act. 1971 Karnataka - Act. 1973

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Q 4. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below:
List-I List-II (Forms of Government) (Essential Features) A. Cabinet 1. Separation of powers Government B. Presidential 2. Collective responsibility Government C. Federal Government 3. Concentration of powers D. Unitary Government 4. Division of powers
5. Administrative law

A

3 4 2 5

2 1 4 3

C

3 5 1 2

D

4 1 2 5

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Q 5. The ‘Panchsheel Agreement' for peaceful coexistence was signed between

A

India and Bhutan

B

India and Nepal

India and China

D

India and Pakistan

Explanation

Panchsheel Agreement was signed between India and China (29 April 1954) on the following principles -
I. Mutual respect for each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty.
II. Mutual non-aggression
III. Mutual non-interference in each other's internal affairs.
IV. Equality and mutual benefit and
V. Peaceful cocxistancc.

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Q 6. Which one of the following is not a component of the Realist Theory?

A

The State is the preeminent actor

B

State sovereignty is important for the affirmation of juridical authority over territory

C

The primary objective of all States is survival

Survival can be assured in cooperation with international organizations

Explanation

Realists believe in self assistance. They think that no other country may be trusted for the survival.

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Q 7. Which one of the following does not form part of Immanuel Kant’s theory of‘perpetual peace’?

A

Republican Constitutionalism

B

Federal contract among States to abolish war

World Government

D

Transformation of individual consciousness

Explanation

Immanuel Kant (22 April, 1724 - 12 Feb 1804). a great German philosopher proposed the theory of perpetual peace containing following points:
-
(i) No standing army existence,
(ii) No any independent state will be interfered with any other dominion state.
(iii) No state will be interfered by another state constitutionally.
(iv) Existence of universal peace policy.

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Q 8. Formal or procedural democracy does not by any means guarantee '

A

political and civil rights

B

constitutionalism

the rule of law

D

absence of caste discrimination

Explanation

Procedural democracy is a democracy in which the people or citizens of the state have less influence than in traditional liberal democracies. This type of democracy is characterized by voters choosing to elect representatives in free elections. Procedural democracy is quite different from substantive democracy, which is manifested by equal participation of all groups in society in the political process.Namibia, Angola, and Mozambique are examples of examples of procedural democracies.

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Q 9. What is/are the major difference/differences between a written and an unwritten Constitution?
1. A written Constitution is the formal source of all Constitutional Laws in the country and the unwritten Constitution is not the formal source.
2. A written Constitution is entirely codified whereas an unwritten Constitution is not.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below

A

Only 1

B

Only 2

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation

A written constitution is one which is found in one or more than one legal documents duly enacted in the form of laws. It is precise, definite and systematic and codified. An unwritten constitution is one in which most of the principles of the government have never been enacted in the form of laws, it consists of customs, conventions, traditions and some written laws bearing different dates. It is not codified. It is unsystematic, indefinite and imprecise. So. Written constitution is the formal source of all constitutional laws and Unwritten Constitution is not the formal source.

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Q 10. Political theory
1. deals with the ideas and principles that shape Constitutions.
2. clarifies the meaning of freedom, equality and justice.
3. probes the significance of principles of rule of law, separation of power and judicial review.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below

A

1 and 2

B

Only 1

C

2 and 3

All of these

Explanation

Political Theory deals with the study of political institutions as well as with theories of state, law, liberty, equality and representation.

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Q 11. Consider the following statements about democracy
1. It consists with the formation of government elected by the people.
2. In democracy, those currently in power have a fair chance of losing.
3. Each vote has one value.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 and 2

1, 2 and 3

C

Only 1

D

2 and 3

Explanation

Democracy is a form of government that allows people to choose their rulers. In a democracy only leaders elected by the people can rule the country. A democracy must be based on a free and fair election where those currently in power have a fair chance of losing. Each adult citizen must have one vote and each vote must have one value.

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Q 12. Which of the following are the features of the ideology of utilitarianism?
1. Utilitarians believed that all value derives from land
2. The most celebrated spokesmen of utilitarianism were jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill
3. Utilitarians were advocates of the idea that India could be ruled through indigenous laws and customs
4. Utilitarians were advocates of the idea of the ‘greatest good for the greatest number of people’
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A

1 and 4 only

2 and 4 only

C

1, 2 and 4

D

2 and 3

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Q 13. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of persons who occupied the office of the President of India right from beginning?

A

C. Rajagopalachari, Rajendra Prasad. Zakir Hussian. V. V. giri

B

Rajendra Prasad, S. Radhakrishna. V. V. giri, Zakir Hussian

C

C. Rajagopalachari. Rajendra Prasad, S. Radhakrishna, Fakhruddin Ali Ahmad

Rajendra Prasad, S. Radhakrishna, Zakir Hussian, V. V. Giri

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Q 14. Arrange the following lndian States in a chronological order, according to their formation, and select the correct answ er by using the codes given at the end.
1. Chhattisgarh 2. Arunachal Pradesh
3. Jharkhand 4. Sikkim

A

4, 1, 2, 3

4, 2, 1, 3

C

3, 2, 1, 4

D

1, 4, 2, 3

Explanation

The above states were formed in the following order -
1. Sikkim - 1975
2. Arunachal Pradesh - 1986
3. Chhattisgarh - Nov. l-2(X)0
4. Jharkhand - Nov. 15, 2000

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Q 15. Which one of the following writs is issued during the pendency of proceedings in a court?

A

Mandamus

B

Certiorari

Prohibition

D

Quo warranto

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Q 16. In which of the Indian Provinces the first Communist Government was established?

A

TamilNadu

B

Andhra Pradesh

Kerala

D

West Bengal

Explanation

In India it was the provinces of Kerala where first Communist government was formed in 1957 led by E. Nambudripad.

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Q 17. Which one of the following States has granted Sanskrit language the status of the second official language of the state?

A

Bihar

B

Chhattisgarh

C

Uttar Pradesh

Uttarakhand

Explanation

Uttarakhand has given to Sanskrit as the status of second official language of the state in January 2010,

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Q 18. The largest Union Territory of India is

A

Daman and Diu

B

Puducherry

Delhi

D

Chandigarh

Explanation

The top three largest union territories are Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Delhi and Puducherry.

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Q 19. ‘Balance of Power’ is an important principle of: Liberal thought in international politics

A

Liberal thoughts in international politics

B

Marxist thought in international politics

C

Traditional thought in international politics

Realist thought in international politics

Explanation

‘Balance of Power’ is an important principle of Realist thought in international politics which suggests that national security is enhanced when military capability is distributed so that no one state is strong enough to dominate all others.

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Q 20. According to lris L Calude Jr. which of the following is not a device for the management of power?

Arms control

B

Collective security

C

Balance of power

D

World Government

Explanation

According to lris L Calude Jr. amis control is not a device for the management of pow er. He was a leading scholar in international relations and international organizations.

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Q 21. The Presidential system operates most successfully in the USA because of-

A

A strong two party system

B

A well demareated constitution

C

Judicial review

Minor contradictions in society

Explanation

The presidential system is a system of government where an executive branch is led by a President who serves as both head of state and head of government. It operates most successfully in the USA because of Minor Contradictions in society.

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Q 22. The House of Lords in Great Britain is mainly retained because-

A

It is as important as the House of Commons

B

It plays an important role of checks and balances

C

It acts as a judicial court

It is maintained as an institution

Explanation

It is observed That British people are very conservative and have great regard for their historical institutions. Therefore, they continue to support historical institutions like Crown and House of Lords.

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Q 23. E - governance is -
1. cost-efficient
2. transparent
3. time-saving
4. responsive
Select the correct answer from the codes given below -Codes: 1 and 3

A

1 and 3

B

1, 2 and 3

C

1, 3 and 4

1, 2, 3 and 4

Explanation

Electronic - governance is the application of information and communication technology for delivering government sen ices, exchange of information, communication transactions etc. It is cost efficient, transparent, time - saving and responsive.

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Q 24. Which of the following Republic/Republics was/were supported by Russia in Georgia war of 2008 ?

A

South Ossettia

South Ossettia and Abkhazia both

C

Abkhazia

D

Nogorno Karabakh

Explanation

South Ossettia and Abkhazia republics were supported by Russia in Georgia war of 2008,

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Q 25. As per United Nations Convention on the Law of sea (UNCLOS) states are entitled for Jurisdiction over sea water as under -

A

three miles from sea shore as territorial waters

B

twelve miles from the shore for shipping

C

two hundred miles as Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)

all the three jurisdictions

Explanation

As per United Nations Convention on the Law' of Sea (UNCLOS) States are entitled for Jurisdiction over Sea w ater under -
(i) three miles from sea shore as territorial waters
(ii) twelve miles from the shore for shipping
(iii) two hundred miles as Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)