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UPSC

Explore popular questions from World Panorama for UPSC. This collection covers World Panorama previous year UPSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

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World Panorama

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Q 1. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched?
1. Dow Jones : New York
2. Hang Seng : Seoul
3. FTSE-100 : London
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
Codes:

A

1, 2 and 3

B

2 and 3

C

1 and 2

1 and 3

Explanation

Hang Seng is the stock market of Hong Kong not Seoul. Rest 1 and 3 are correctly matched.

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Q 2. Which one of the countries labelled as 1, 2, 3 and 4 on the given may was granted membership of G-15 in its VII Summit at Kuala lumpur?

A

1

B

2

C

3

4

Explanation

Kenya was granted as the 16th member of G-15 countries, which is marked as '4' in the given map.

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Q 3. Dinar is not the currency of :

Sudan

B

Yugoslavia

C

U.A.E

D

Tunisia

Explanation

Currency of U.A.E is Dinar; Sudan's currency is Sudanese Pound; Yugoslavia's currency is New Dinar Currency of Tunisia is Tunisian Dinar.

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Q 4. At which one of the cities labelled as A, B, C and D on the given map of Europe was the historic treaty between NATO and warsaw pact countries signed in 1998 ?

A

A

B

B

C

D

D

Explanation

In the given figure of Europe the 'c' marked city is Brussels, where historic treaty between NATO and warsaw pact was signed in 1998.

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Q 5. Gilt -edged:

A

bullion market

market of Government securities

C

market of guns

D

market of pure metals

Explanation

Gilt-edged is the market in government securities guaranteed by the government - centre or state. The term means least-risk/best quality by way of least risk of default in repayment of principal and interest.

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Q 6. Consider the following organisations:
1. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
2. International Finance Corporation
3. International Fund for Agricultural Development
4. International Monetary Fund
Which of these are agencies of the United Nations?

A

1 and 2

B

2 and 3

C

3 and 4

1, 2, 3 and 4

Explanation

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) was established in 1977 with the objective to fight rural poverty. Its mission is to "Enable poor rural people to overcome poverty". The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) is one of five institutions that comprise the World Bank Group.

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Q 7. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List-I (Books)List-II (Author)
A. The Struggle in My Life1. Lech Walesa
B. The Struggle and the Triumph2. Nelson Mandela
C. Friends and Foes 3. Leonid Brezhnev
D. Rebirth4. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
 5. Sheikh Mujibur Rehman

A

A-1; B-2; C-5; D-3

A-2; B-1; C-5; D-3

C

A-1; B-2; C-3; D-4

D

A-2; B-1; C-3; D-4

Explanation

The Struggle in My Life is written by Nelson Mandela, " The Struggle and the Triump" is written by Lech Walsesa, "Friends and Foes" is written by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and "Rebirth" is written by Leonid Brezhenev, the former president of U.S.S.R

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Q 8. Who is the scientist in whose honour the "Chandra" X-ray telescope has been named?

A

Chandrashekhar Venkat Raman

B

Jagdish Chandra Bose

Prafulla Chandra Roy

D

Subramanyam Chandrashekhar

Explanation

"Chandra" X-ray telescope has been named after famous physicist of Indian origin Subramanyam Chandrasekhar.

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Q 9. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List-I (Important Day)List-II (Date)
A. World Environment Day1. March 20
B. World Forestry Day2. June 5
C. World Habitat Day3. September 16
D. World Ozone Day4. October 3
 5. December 10
Codes:

A

A-2; B-1; C-4; D-5

B

A-1; B-2; C-4; D-3

C

A-1; B-2; C-3; D-4

A-2; B-1; C-4; D-3

Explanation

Important Day - Date
A. World Environment Day - 5th June
B. World Forestry Day - 20th March
C. World Habitat Day -3rd October
D. World Ozone Day -16th September

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Q 10. Match List-I (Ethnic Community) with List-II (Country) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List-I (Ethnic Community)List-II (Country)
A. Apatani1. China
B. Dyak2. India
C. Dinka3. Indonesia
D. Uighur4. Sudan
Codes:

A

A-2; B-3; C-4; D-1

A-3; B-2; C-4; D-1

C

A-2; B-3; C-1; D-4

D

A-3; B-2; C-1; D-4

Explanation

Ethnic community of Indonesia is Apatani, Dyak is the ethnic community of India, Dinka is related to ethnic community of Sudan,Uighur are the ethnic community of China.

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Q 11. Berber speaking community, frequently in the news, lives in:

A

Afghanistan

Algeria

C

Argentina

D

Australia

Explanation

Berber speaking community lives in Algeria and Morocco.

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Q 12. Consider the following countries:
1. Angola 2. Colombia
3. Congo 4. Sudan
Which of these countries has/have been suffering from civil war?

A

1 only

B

2 and 3

C

4 only

1, 2, 3 and 4

Explanation

All the four countries Angola, Columbia, Congo and Sudan are suffering from civil war.

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Q 13. Which among the following countries has the largest population?

Indonesia

B

Japan

C

Pakistan

D

Sudan

Explanation

Indonesia has the largest population in the given countries.

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Q 14. In which one of the following countries is rupee its currency?

A

Bhutan

B

Malaysia

C

Maldives

Seychelles

Explanation

The rupee is the currency of Seyhelles. It is locally called roupi, it is subdivided into 100 cents. Currency of Bhutan is Ngultrum, Currency of Malaysia is Malaysian Ringget and Currency of Maldives is Maldives Rufiyaa.

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Q 15. Which one of the following countries is land locked?

Bolivia

B

Peru

C

Surinam

D

Uruguay

Explanation

Bolivia is a land locked country, the surrounding countries are Peru, Chile, Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay. Other than Bolivia Peru, Uruguay, Surinam are the countries which one side any ocean or sea is present.

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Q 16. Which one among the following languages has largest number of speakers in the world?

A

Bengali

B

French

C

Japanese

Portuguese

Explanation

According to 2010 edition of the National encyklopedin, the largest number of speakers in the world are, Portuguese (250 million speakers); Bengali (200 millonspeakers); Japanese; (125 millon speakers); French (74 millon speakers).

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Q 17. Which among the following countries was the earliest to give women the right to vote?

A

Iceland

B

India

New Zealand

D

U.S.A

Explanation

New Zealand gave the right to vote to women in 1893.

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Q 18. Consider the following international language:
1. Arabic
2. French
3. Spanish
The correct sequence of the language given above in the decreasing order of the number of their speakers is :

3, 1, 2

B

1, 3, 2

C

3, 2, 1

D

1, 2, 3

Explanation

Total speaker of Spanish in world is 329 million, Arabic speakers are 220 million and French speakers are 200 million. So, the correct sequence in decreasing order of the number of speakers are Spanish, Arabic and French.

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Q 19. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below :

List-I (Agency)List-II (Headquarters)
A. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)1. Nairobi
B. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)2. Vienna
C. United NationsIndustrial Development Organization (UNIDO)3. Berne
D. Universal Postal Union (UPU)4. New York
Codes:

A

A-2; B-3; C-4; D-1

A-4; B-1; C-2; D-3

C

A-2; B-1; C-4; D-3

D

A-4; B-3; C-2; D-1

Explanation

The headquarters of United Nations Development Programme is in New york, the headquarters of United National Environment Programme is in Nairobi, The headquaters of united National Industrial Development Organisation is present in Vienna and Headquarters of Universal Postal Union is in Berne

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Q 20. World's longest ruling of government is from:

A

Switzerland

Cuba

C

Zimbabwe

D

New Zealand

Explanation

World's longest ruling government is of Fidel Castro of Cuba. Fidel Castro came in power in 1959 following the Cuban revolution and became Prime Minister of Cuba in 1961 and from 1976 he became the President of Cuba till date.

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Q 21. Which one of the following cities (they were in the news in recent times) is not correctly matched with its country?

A

Salamanca : Spain

Cannes : Italy

C

Cancun : Mexico

D

Bruges : Belgium

Explanation

Cannes is a city organising film festival every year is present in country France.

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Q 22. Match List-I (State/Province/Overseas Territory) with List-II (Country) and select the correct answer using the codes given below:

A

A-1; B-2; C-5; D-3

B

A-3; B-4; C-2; D-1

C

A-1; B-4; C-2; D-3

A-3; B-2; C-5; D-1

Explanation

British Columbia is western most provinces of Canada, Bavaria is a state of Germany.
Gibralter is the overseas territory of UK and Rhoda Island is the smallest state in USA.

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Q 23. Match List-I (New names of the Countries) with List-ll (Old names of the Countries) and select the correct answer using the codes given below:

List-IList-II
A. British Colombia1. USA
B. Bavaria2. UK
C. Gibraltar3. Canada
D. Rhode Island4. Germany
List-IList-II
A. Benin1. Nyasaland
B. Belize2. Basutoland
C. Botswana3. Bechuanaland
D. Malawi4. British Honduras
 5. Dohomey
Codes :

A

A-3; B-1; C-2; D-4

A-5; B-4; C-3; D-1

C

A-3; B-4; C-2; D-1

D

A-5; B-1; C-3; D-4

Explanation

Benin - Dohomey
Belize - British Honduras
Botswana - Bechuanaland
Malawi - Nyasaland

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Q 24. Consider the following statements:
1. Montenegro and Serbia agreed to a new structure for the Yugoslav Federation
2. Croatin remained under the Hungarian Administration until the end of First World War
3. Claims to Macedonia Territory have long been a source of contention between Belgium and Greece
4. In 1991, Slovenia declared independence from Czechoslovakia
Which of the statements given above are correct?

A

1 and 2

1, 2 and 3

C

2, 3 and 4

D

1, 3 and 4

Explanation

All the statements excepts '4' is correct. Slovenia declared independent from Yugoslavia.

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Q 25. Consider the following statements:
1. The Headquarters of the International Organisation for standardization are located in Rome.
2. ISO 9000 relates to the quality management system and standards.
3. ISO 14000 relates to environmental management system standards.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1, 2 and 3

B

3 only

2 and 3

D

none

Explanation

The HQ of ISO is Geneva, Switzerland.