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UPSC > Statuotory Bodies

Explore popular questions from Statuotory Bodies for UPSC. This collection covers Statuotory Bodies previous year UPSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

Q 1.

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Which of the following is not provided by the Constitution of India?

A

Election Commission

Finance Commissions

C

Public Service Commission

D

Planning Commission

Explanation

The planning commission was not provided by the constitution of India.

Q 2.

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Assertions (A):
The word minority is not defined in the Constitution of India.
Reason (R):
The Minorities Commission is not a constitutional body.
Which of the following is correct?

A

Both A and R true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Both A and Rare true but R is not a correct explanation of A

C

A is true but R is false.

D

A is false but R is true.

Explanation

The word minority is not defined in the constitution of India, yet it recognizes tw'O types of minorities, based on religion and language. The minorities commission is a statutory body constituted in 1993 by an act of Parliament.

Q 3.

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Consider the following statements:

1. The Central Information Commission can order inquiry into any matter if there are reasonable grounds.
2. The Central Information Commission has the power to secure compliance of its decisions from the public authority.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct ?

A

Only 1

B

Only 2

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation

The Central information Commission was established by the central government in 2005, It was constituted through an official Gazette Notification under the provisions of the Right to Information act (2005). Hence, lt is not a constitutional body.

Q 4.

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Consider the following statements :
1. The State Information Commission entertains complaints and appeals pertaining to offices, financial institutions and public sector undertakings under the concerned state government.
2. The State Information Commission is a high-powered independent body.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct ?

A

Only 1

B

Only 2

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 nor 2

Q 5.

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Consider the following statements:
1. The first National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes was constituted in the year 1992.
2. The first National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes was constituted under the Constitution (Sixty-fifth Amendment) Act.
3. The 87th Amendment bifurcated the combined National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes into two separate bodies.
Which of the statements given above are correct ?

1 and 2

B

2 and 3

C

1 and 3

D

1, 2 and 3

Explanation

The first Commission was constituted in 1992 with Shri S.H. Ramdhan as chairman. The second Commission was constituted in October 1995 with Shri II. 1 lanumanthappa as chairman. The 65th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1990 provided for the establishment of a high level National Commission for SCs and STs. The 89th constitution Amendment Act of2003 bifurcated the Combined National Commission for SCs and STs into two separate bodies.

Q 6.

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The National Human Rights Commission can:
1. Enquire only on the presentation of a petition of the victim and not suo moto, into the complaint of violation of human rights.
2. Not intervene in any proceeding involving violation of human rights pending before a court.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 only

B

2 only

C

Both 1 and 2

Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation

The commission can inquire suo moto or on a petition presented to it by victim or any person on his behalf or on a direction into complaint of violation of human rights.

Q 7.

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Consider the following statements regarding the National Human Rights Commission of India
1. Its chairman must be a retired CJI.
2. lt has formations in each state as stale Human Rights Commission.
3. Its powers are only recommendatory in nature.
4. It is mandatory to appoint a woman as a member of the commission.
Which of the above statements are correct?

A

1, 2, 3 and 4 only

B

2 and 4 only

C

2 and 3 only

1 and 3

Explanation

Only 1 and 3 statements are correct. They are not necessarily formed in each state as state 1 luman Rights Commission. Till now' only 15 states have SH RCs and not mandatory appoint a woman as a member.

Q 8.

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Answer the incorrect one from below about the Lok Ayuktas?

Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh have no Lokayuktas.

B

11th All India Lokayukta Conference 2012 was held in New Delhi.

C

Both (a) and (b)

D

Neither (a) nor (b)

Explanation

Tamil Nadu and Andhra pradesh have already set up Lokayauktas. So the incorrect answer is option (a). The Lokayukta appointed by the people is an anti-corruption ombudsman organization in the Indian states. The Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC) headed by Morarji Desai submitted a special interim report on “Problems of Rcdressal of Citizen’s Grievances” in 1966, In this report, the ARC recommended the setting up of two special authorities designated as ‘Lokpal* and ‘Lokayukta’ for the redressal of citizens’ grievances.

Q 9.

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Consider the following
1. Disputes with mobile cellular companies
2. Motor accident cases
3. Pension cases For which of the above are Lok Adaalats held?

A

1 only

B

1 and 2

2 Only

D

1, 2 and 3

Explanation

Lok Adalats settle disputes through conciliation and compromise. Lok Adalats have been organized for settlement of motor accident cases, insurance claims and Land dispute cases. The System of Lok Adalats is an improvement and is based on the principles of Mahatma Gandhi.

Q 10.

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With reference to Lok Adalats which of the following statements is correct?

A

Lok Adalats have the jurisdiction to settle the matters at prc-litigativc stage and not those matters pending before any court.

B

Lok Adalats can deal with matters which are civil and not criminal in nature.

C

Every Lok Adalat consist of cither serving or retired judicial officers only or not any other person.

None of the statements given above is correct.

Explanation

Lok Adalat has the jurisdiction to settle, by way of effecting compromise between the parties, any matter which may be pending before any court. Lok Adalat is a non-adversarial system, whereby mock courts (called Lok Adalats) are held by the State Authority, District Authority, Supreme Court Legal Services Committee, High Court Legal Services Committee, or Taluk Legal Services Committee.

Q 11.

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With reference to Lok Adalat, consider the following statements:
1. An award made by a Lok Adalat is deemed to be a decree of a Civil Court and no appeal lies against thereto before any Court.
2. Matrimonial/Family disputes are not covered under Lok Adalat
Which of the statcment(s) given above is/are correct?

1 only

B

2 only

C

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation

An award made by a Lok adalat is deemed to be a decree of a Civil Court and no appeal lies against thereto before any court, lt was according to the Legal Services Authority Act 1987, which gave statutory status to Lok Adalat.

Q 12.

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Assertion (A):
An award made by a Lok Adalat is deemed be a decree of a Civil Court.
Reason (R):
Award of Lok Adalat is final and binding on all parties, and no appeal lies against thereto before any court

A

Bath A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

Both A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A

C

A is true, but R is false

D

A is false, but R is true

Explanation

The award of the Lok Adalat is fictionally deemed to be decrees of Court and therefore the court has all the powers in relation thereto as it has in relation to a decree passed by itself. This includes the powers to extend time in appropriate cases. The award passed by the Lok Adalat is the decision of the court itself, though, arrived at by the simpler method of conciliation instead of the process of arguments in court.

Q 13.

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Which one of the following Commissions is not provided in the Constitution of India?

Planning Commission

B

UPSC

C

Finance Commission

D

Election Commission

Explanation

The Planning Commission w'as set up by a Resolution of the Government of India in Mareh l950, lt is not provided in the constitution of India.

Q 14.

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With reference to Lok Adalats, which one among the following statements is correct?

A

Lok Adalats have the jurisdiction to settle the matters at pre-litigative state and not those matters pending before any court

B

Lok Adalats can deal with matters which are civil and not criminal in nature

C

Lok Adalats has not been given any statutory status so far

No appeal lies in a civil court against the order of the Lok Adalat

Explanation

Award has the same effect as of a Civil Court decree. The Supreme Court has held that award of the Lok Adalat is as good as the decree of a Court. The award of the Lok Adalat is fictionally deemed to be decrees of Court and therefore the courts have all the powers in relation thereto as it has in relation to a decree passed by itself. It was the legal services authority act 1987, which gave statutory status to Lok Adalat.

Q 15.

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The Planning Commission of India has been constituted

A

under constitutional provision with specific mention for it

B

through an Act of Parliament

through a cabinet decision in this regard

D

through constitutional amendment

Explanation

The Planning Commission was established in Mareh 1950 by an executive resolution of the Government of lndia, on the recommendation of the Advisory Planning Board constituted in 1946, under the chairmanship of KC Neogi. Thus, the Planning Commission is neither constitutional nor a statutory body. Planning commission has been replaced by new institution namely NITI Aayog.

Q 16.

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The First Five Year Plan (1951-1956) was drafted by :

A

P C Mahalanobis

K N Raj

C

J C Kumarappa

D

Jawaharlal Nehru

Explanation

Kakkadan Nandanath Raj was a veteran Indian economist. He is popularly known as K. N. Raj. He played an important role in India’s planned development, drafting sections of India’s first Five Year Plan.

Q 17.

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During Twelfth Five-Year Plan, which one of the following average annual growth rate targets was envisaged for agriculture and al I ied sector?

A

3, 0 percent

B

3, 5 percent

4, 0 percent

D

4, 5 percent

E

None of the above/More than one of the above

Explanation

The average annual growth rate of agriculture and allied sector during the first four years of the current Five Year Plan period (2012-17) has been 1, 6 per cent as against the 12 th plan target of 4 per cent per annum

Q 18.

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Which statement is true in relation to the Protection of Human Rights Act ?

A

The Act came into force on 23rd September, 1993

The Act came into force on 28th September, 1993

C

The Act came into force on 23rd September, 1995

D

The Act came into force on 28th September, 1995

Explanation

The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of India is an autonomous public body constituted on 12 October 1993 under the Protection of Human Rights Ordinance of 28 September 1993, It was given a statutory basis by the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 (TPHRA).

Q 19.

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Who is not the ex officio member of the National Human Rights Commission ?

A

The Chairperson of the National Commission for Minorities.

The Chairperson of the Law Commission of India

C

The Chairperson of the National commission for the scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes

D

The Chairperson of the National Commission for Women

Explanation

The NHRC (National Human Rights Commission) consists of:
A Chairperson. One Member who is, or has been, a Judge of the Supreme Court of lndia. One Member who is, or has been, the Chief Justice of a High Court, Two Members to be appointed from among persons having knowledge of, or practical experience in, matters relating to human rights, ln addition, the Chairpersons of four National Commissions of (1 .Minorities 2, SC 3, ST 4, Women) serve as ex officio members.

Q 20.

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The term of office of members of the National Human Rights Commission from the date on which he/she enters upon his /her office is

A

five years or till the age of 65 years

five years or till the age of 70 years

C

six years or till the age of 65 years

D

six years or till the age of 70 years

Explanation

The Chairperson and the members of the NHRC have tenure of five years. But if any member attains the age of 70 years before the completion of his tenure, he or she has to retire from the membership.

Q 21.

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In relation to offences described under Section 175, Section 178, Section 179. Section 180 or Section 228 of the Indian Penal Code, the Human Rights Commission is to be deemed ”

A

Criminal Court

Civil Court

C

Revenue Court

D

None of the above-

Explanation

In relation to offences described under Section 175, Section 178, Section 180 or Section 228 of the Indian panel code, the human rights commission is to be deemed civil court.

Q 22.

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While dealing with complaints of violation of Human Rights by the members of the armed forces, the Commission either on its ow n motion or on receipt of a petition will

A

enquire itself

B

give directions to the concerned police officers to enquire

seek a report from the Central Government

D

None of the above

Explanation

While dealing with complaints of violation of Human Rights by the armed forces, the Commission cither on its own motion or on receipt of a petition will seek a report from the Central Government.

Q 23.

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In the definition of armed forces under the Protection of 1 luman Rights Act, which of the following is not included?

A

Navy

Armed Forces of the State

C

Military

D

Air Force

Explanation

In the definition of armed forces under the Protection of Human Rights Act, Armed Forces of the state are not included.

Q 24.

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Who was the first Vice-Chairman of the N1TI Ayog?

Arvind Panagariya

B

Raghuram Rajan

C

C'handrashekhara Subramanyam

D

Rajiv Kumar

Explanation

Arvind Panagariya took charge as Vice-Chairman of NITI Aayog on 13 January 2015, He became the first vice-chairman of the National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog, which replaced the Planning Commission on 1 January 2015,

Q 25.

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Which of the following is an extra-constitutional agency?

A

Union Public Service Commission

B

Finance Commission

C

Election Commission

NITI Ayog

Explanation

Extra constitutional bodies or Non-constitutional bodies derive their authority by a law created by the parliament, an ordinance promulgated by the president or an executive order. It does not have mention in the constitution.(a) Statutory Body: Created by a law passed by the parliament. Example - Information commission. National Human Rights Commission (formed to conform to United Nations charter on Human rights). Lokpal.CBI. (b) Executive bodies: Created by an executive order - i.e. order of a ministry of union or state. Such bodies have no constitutional or law backing them. Example: Planning commission (now replaced by NITI Aayog), UIDAI (Aadhar card).