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UPSC

Explore popular questions from Statuotory Bodies for UPSC. This collection covers Statuotory Bodies previous year UPSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

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Statuotory Bodies

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Q 1. Assertions (A):
The word minority is not defined in the Constitution of India.
Reason (R):
The Minorities Commission is not a constitutional body.
Which of the following is correct?

A

Both A and R true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Both A and Rare true but R is not a correct explanation of A

C

A is true but R is false.

D

A is false but R is true.

Explanation

The word minority is not defined in the constitution of India, yet it recognizes tw'O types of minorities, based on religion and language. The minorities commission is a statutory body constituted in 1993 by an act of Parliament.

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Q 2. Consider the following statements:

1. The Central Information Commission can order inquiry into any matter if there are reasonable grounds.
2. The Central Information Commission has the power to secure compliance of its decisions from the public authority.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct ?

A

Only 1

B

Only 2

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation

The Central information Commission was established by the central government in 2005, It was constituted through an official Gazette Notification under the provisions of the Right to Information act (2005). Hence, lt is not a constitutional body.

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Q 3. Consider the following statements :
1. The State Information Commission entertains complaints and appeals pertaining to offices, financial institutions and public sector undertakings under the concerned state government.
2. The State Information Commission is a high-powered independent body.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct ?

A

Only 1

B

Only 2

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 nor 2

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Q 4. Consider the following statements:
1. The first National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes was constituted in the year 1992.
2. The first National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes was constituted under the Constitution (Sixty-fifth Amendment) Act.
3. The 87th Amendment bifurcated the combined National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes into two separate bodies.
Which of the statements given above are correct ?

1 and 2

B

2 and 3

C

1 and 3

D

1, 2 and 3

Explanation

The first Commission was constituted in 1992 with Shri S.H. Ramdhan as chairman. The second Commission was constituted in October 1995 with Shri II. 1 lanumanthappa as chairman. The 65th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1990 provided for the establishment of a high level National Commission for SCs and STs. The 89th constitution Amendment Act of2003 bifurcated the Combined National Commission for SCs and STs into two separate bodies.

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Q 5. The National Human Rights Commission can:
1. Enquire only on the presentation of a petition of the victim and not suo moto, into the complaint of violation of human rights.
2. Not intervene in any proceeding involving violation of human rights pending before a court.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 only

B

2 only

C

Both 1 and 2

Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation

The commission can inquire suo moto or on a petition presented to it by victim or any person on his behalf or on a direction into complaint of violation of human rights.

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Q 6. Assertion (A):
An award made by a Lok Adalat is deemed be a decree of a Civil Court.
Reason (R):
Award of Lok Adalat is final and binding on all parties, and no appeal lies against thereto before any court

A

Bath A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

Both A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A

C

A is true, but R is false

D

A is false, but R is true

Explanation

The award of the Lok Adalat is fictionally deemed to be decrees of Court and therefore the court has all the powers in relation thereto as it has in relation to a decree passed by itself. This includes the powers to extend time in appropriate cases. The award passed by the Lok Adalat is the decision of the court itself, though, arrived at by the simpler method of conciliation instead of the process of arguments in court.

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Q 7. The First Five Year Plan (1951-1956) was drafted by :

A

P C Mahalanobis

K N Raj

C

J C Kumarappa

D

Jawaharlal Nehru

Explanation

Kakkadan Nandanath Raj was a veteran Indian economist. He is popularly known as K. N. Raj. He played an important role in India’s planned development, drafting sections of India’s first Five Year Plan.

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Q 8. During Twelfth Five-Year Plan, which one of the following average annual growth rate targets was envisaged for agriculture and al I ied sector?

A

3, 0 percent

B

3, 5 percent

4, 0 percent

D

4, 5 percent

E

None of the above/More than one of the above

Explanation

The average annual growth rate of agriculture and allied sector during the first four years of the current Five Year Plan period (2012-17) has been 1, 6 per cent as against the 12 th plan target of 4 per cent per annum

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Q 9. Which statement is true in relation to the Protection of Human Rights Act ?

A

The Act came into force on 23rd September, 1993

The Act came into force on 28th September, 1993

C

The Act came into force on 23rd September, 1995

D

The Act came into force on 28th September, 1995

Explanation

The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of India is an autonomous public body constituted on 12 October 1993 under the Protection of Human Rights Ordinance of 28 September 1993, It was given a statutory basis by the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 (TPHRA).

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Q 10. Who is not the ex officio member of the National Human Rights Commission ?

A

The Chairperson of the National Commission for Minorities.

The Chairperson of the Law Commission of India

C

The Chairperson of the National commission for the scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes

D

The Chairperson of the National Commission for Women

Explanation

The NHRC (National Human Rights Commission) consists of:
A Chairperson. One Member who is, or has been, a Judge of the Supreme Court of lndia. One Member who is, or has been, the Chief Justice of a High Court, Two Members to be appointed from among persons having knowledge of, or practical experience in, matters relating to human rights, ln addition, the Chairpersons of four National Commissions of (1 .Minorities 2, SC 3, ST 4, Women) serve as ex officio members.

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Q 11. The term of office of members of the National Human Rights Commission from the date on which he/she enters upon his /her office is

A

five years or till the age of 65 years

five years or till the age of 70 years

C

six years or till the age of 65 years

D

six years or till the age of 70 years

Explanation

The Chairperson and the members of the NHRC have tenure of five years. But if any member attains the age of 70 years before the completion of his tenure, he or she has to retire from the membership.

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Q 12. In relation to offences described under Section 175, Section 178, Section 179. Section 180 or Section 228 of the Indian Penal Code, the Human Rights Commission is to be deemed ”

A

Criminal Court

Civil Court

C

Revenue Court

D

None of the above-

Explanation

In relation to offences described under Section 175, Section 178, Section 180 or Section 228 of the Indian panel code, the human rights commission is to be deemed civil court.

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Q 13. While dealing with complaints of violation of Human Rights by the members of the armed forces, the Commission either on its ow n motion or on receipt of a petition will

A

enquire itself

B

give directions to the concerned police officers to enquire

seek a report from the Central Government

D

None of the above

Explanation

While dealing with complaints of violation of Human Rights by the armed forces, the Commission cither on its own motion or on receipt of a petition will seek a report from the Central Government.

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Q 14. Who was the first Vice-Chairman of the N1TI Ayog?

Arvind Panagariya

B

Raghuram Rajan

C

C'handrashekhara Subramanyam

D

Rajiv Kumar

Explanation

Arvind Panagariya took charge as Vice-Chairman of NITI Aayog on 13 January 2015, He became the first vice-chairman of the National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog, which replaced the Planning Commission on 1 January 2015,

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Q 15. Which of the following is an extra-constitutional agency?

A

Union Public Service Commission

B

Finance Commission

C

Election Commission

NITI Ayog

Explanation

Extra constitutional bodies or Non-constitutional bodies derive their authority by a law created by the parliament, an ordinance promulgated by the president or an executive order. It does not have mention in the constitution.(a) Statutory Body: Created by a law passed by the parliament. Example - Information commission. National Human Rights Commission (formed to conform to United Nations charter on Human rights). Lokpal.CBI. (b) Executive bodies: Created by an executive order - i.e. order of a ministry of union or state. Such bodies have no constitutional or law backing them. Example: Planning commission (now replaced by NITI Aayog), UIDAI (Aadhar card).

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Q 16. Which one of the following statements regarding the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is not correct?

A

The UN General Assembly adopted the Human Rights Charter on lOth December, 1948,

B

Some of the provisions of the Fundamental Rights enshrined in the Constitution of India are similar to the provisions of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

The Right to Property is not a part of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

D

lndia is a signatory to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Explanation

A right to property is recognised in Article 17 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, but it is not recognised in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights or the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

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Q 17. Which one of the following statements regarding the Human Rights Council is not correct?

It is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system made up of all members of the UN.

B

It is responsible for the promotion and protection of all human rights around the globe.

C

It replaced the former United Nations Commission on Human Rights.

D

It is made up of 47 UN Member States which are elected by the UN General Assembly.

Explanation

The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is a United Nations body whose mission is to promote and protect human rights around the world. The UNHRC has 47 members elected for staggered thrce-ycar terms on a regional group basis. The members of the General Assembly elect the members who occupy the UNHRC’s 47 seats. The term of each seat is three years, and no member may occupy a seat for more than two consecutive terms.

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Q 18. Which of the following statements are correct in respect of Niti Aayog ?
(A) It is a constitutional body.
(B) It is a statutory body.
(C) It is neither a constitutional body nor a statutory body.
(D) It is a think-tank.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below :

A

(A) and (D)

B

(B) and (D)

(C) and (D)

D

(B), (C) and (D)

Explanation

NITI Aayog is not a constitutional body nor is it a statutory body. However, it has been formed by a cabinet resolution as was the case in erstwhile yojana Aayog or planning commission .It’s an advisory body and it is a think tank in terms of five years planning.