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UPSC > Planning and Economic Development

Explore popular questions from Planning and Economic Development for UPSC. This collection covers Planning and Economic Development previous year UPSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

Q 1.

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The rationale given in the first plan for state intervention in the industrial sector was that:

A

private sector was inefficient

B

state alone can ensure decentralization of wealth

private sector was neither willing nor capable of investing in certain sectors

D

the commanding heights of the economy should be in the public sector

Q 2.

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Which of the following is not one of the International Development Targets of the Millennium Development Goals?

A

Reducing the number of persons living in extreme poverty by one half of 2015

B

Universal primary education by 2015

C

Reduction of infant and child mortality by 2/3rd by 2015

Reducing the total population by 1 /3rd

Q 3.

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'Disguised unemployment' refers to:

A

persons with no jobs

more persons employed for a job which a few can accomplish

C

unemployment among women

D

unemployment of people above 60 years of age

Q 4.

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Relative poverty refers to a situation where:

a person falls behind others

B

a person is unable to obtain the necessaries for life

C

a person is below poverty line

D

a person is poorer than another in the developed world

Q 5.

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CAPART is related with-

Assisting and evaluating rural welfare programmes

B

Computer hardware

C

Consultant service of export promotion

D

Controlling pollution in big industries

Q 6.

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Sector wise, maximum employment in the public sector in

A

electricity, gas, and water

community, social, and personal services

C

finance, insurance, and real estate

D

transport, storage, and communication

Q 7.

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Which plan was suspended one year before the time schedule?

A

First Plan (1951-56)

B

Third Plan (1966-71)

C

Sixth Plan (1980-85)

Fifth Plan (1974-79)

Q 8.

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Rajeev Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls named to 'Sabla' includes the girls of the age group-

A

9 to 12 years

B

10 to 15 years

11 to 18 years

D

15 to 18 years

Q 9.

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The Employment Assurance Scheme envisages financial assistance to rural areas for guaranteeing employment to at least

A

50 per cent of the men and women seeking jobs in rural areas

B

50 per cent of the men seeking jobs in the rural areas

one man and one women in a rural family living below the poverty line

D

one person in a rural landless house hold living below the poverty line

Q 10.

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Durgapur, Bhilai and Rourkela steel plants were established during ______ Plan.

Second

B

Third

C

Fourth

D

First

Q 11.

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National Development Council is concerned with

A

implementing state plans

B

approving and assessing major development projects in India

approval of five-year plans

D

implementing community development programmes

Q 12.

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Which of the following programmes is specially directed towards helping women in difficult circumstances or in distress?

Swadhar

B

Swayamsiddha

C

Mahila Samriddhi Yojana

D

Rashtriya Mahila Kosh

Q 13.

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PEARL is a programme related to

A

improvement of gems and jewellery export

B

pet awareness and rescue

knowledge sharing on urban reforms and city governance

D

quality enhancement of processed food for export

Q 14.

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Indicative planning

A

replaces the market system

B

is a method of controlling the

C

economy by setting short term goals

can work only when capital account convertibility operates works through the market

Q 15.

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Which one of the following statements is not correct?

Under the Targeted Public Distribution System, the families below Poverty Line are provided 50 kg of food grains per month per family at subsidized price.

B

Under Annapurna Scheme, indigent senior citizens of 65 years of age or above eligible for National Old Age Pension but not getting pension can get 10 kg of food grains per person per month free of cost.

C

Ministry of social justice and empowerment has a scheme in which indigent people living in welfare institutions like orphanages are given 15 kg of foodgrains per person per month of BPL rates.

D

Ministry of Human Resource Development gives financial support to mid-day meal scheme for the benefit of Class I to V students in government or government-aided school.

Q 16.

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Which Five- Year Plan had an objective of "Rapid industrialization with particular emphasis on development of basic and heavy industries" ?

A

First

Second

C

Third

D

Fourth

Explanation

The Second Five Year Plan's broad objective was the establishment of a socialistic pattern of society It aimed at rebuilding rural India, development of basic and heavy industries and enlarging the scope of public sector

Q 17.

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The natural rate of unemployment is likely to fall if:

A

unemployment benefits increase

B

income tax increases

more training is available for the unemployed

D

geographical immobility increases

Explanation

Supply-side measures can be used to reduce the natural rate of unemployment In this case training enables more employees to accept jobs thereby reducing the natural rate of unemployment

Q 18.

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To reduce cyclical unemployment the government might:

A

increase the budget surplus

B

increase the balance of payments deficit

increase the budget deficit

D

reduce government expenditure

Explanation

Low interest rates might encourage more spending and reduce cyclical unemployment

Q 19.

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The Economic Planning Committee was established in the chairmanship of

J.L. Nehru

B

Dr. Rajendra Prasad

C

Ramkrishna Mudaliyar

D

K.C. Niyogi

Explanation

After India gained independence, a formal model of planning was adopted, and the Planning Commission, was established on 15 March with Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru as the chairman

Q 20.

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The second five year plan was based on

P.C. Mahalnobis Model

B

Nehruvian Model

C

Harro-Domar Model

D

None of these

Explanation

The second five-year plan was based on P C Mahalnobis Model The Mahalanobis model is a Neo-Marxist model of economic development, created by statistician Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis in Mahalanobis became essentially the key economist of India's Second Five Year Plan

Q 21.

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What was the main objective of the Third Five year Plan?

To make economy self dependent

B

To ensure social development

C

For abolition of poverty

D

To establish heavy industries

Explanation

The main objective of the third five-year plan was to make economy self-dependent The Third Five-year Plan stressed on agriculture and improvement in the production of wheat so as to be self-sufficient

Q 22.

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Which five year plan was focused on poverty and unemployment for the first time?

A

Third Five Year Plan

B

Fourth Five Year Plan

Fifth Five Year Plan

D

Sixth Five Year Plan

Explanation

Fifth five year plan was focused on poverty and unemployment for the first time The slogan of 'poverty abolition' was given by Indira Gandhi in 1971 and it was implemented during the fifth five year plan( 1974-79) Gandhi promised to reduce poverty by targeting the consumption levels of the poor and enact wide-ranging social and economic reforms

Q 23.

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Who among the following has written the book named "Indian Economy : Gandhian Blue print"?

A

Acharya Vinoba Bhave

B

Morarji Desai

C

Jai Prakash Narayan

Charan Singh

Explanation

Charan Singh wrote the book named, "Indian Economy: Gandhian Blue Print" He was the fifth Prime Minister of India, serving from 1979 until.

Q 24.

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A shift in pattern of Industrialisation with lower emphasis of the heavy industry and move on infrastructure begins in which five-year plan?

A

Fifth plan

Sixth plan

C

Seventh plan

D

Eight plan

Explanation

Sixth five-year plan (1980-85) marked the beginning of economic liberalization. In Sixth Five year plan, a shift in the pattern of Industrialisation with the lower emphasis of the heavy industry and move on infrastructure begins.

Q 25.

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The government introduced an agricultural strategy which gave rise to green revolution in India under the plan

Third Five Year Plan

B

Fourth Five Year Plan

C

Fifth Five Year Plan

D

Sixth Five Year Plan

Explanation

Under the third five year plan, the government introduce an agricultural strategy which gave rise to green revolution in India Under the third plan the goal was to establish self-reliance and self-generating economy But the earlier plans had shown that the agricultural production was the limiting factor so agriculture was given top priority.