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UPSC > Medieval History

Explore popular questions from Medieval History for UPSC. This collection covers Medieval History previous year UPSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

Q 1.

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Who among the following were famous jurists of medieval India?

A

Vijnanesvara

B

Hemadri

Rajasekhara

D

Jimutavahana

Explanation

He was a Sanskrit poet and dramatist.

Q 2.

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The sufi saint who maintained that devotional music was one way of coming close to God was;

A

Muin-ud-din Chisti

Baba Farid

C

Saiyid Muhammad Gesudaraz

D

Shah Alam Bukhari

Explanation

Baba Farid belonged to Chisti order which was founded by Nizam Uddin Auliya.

Q 3.

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Prem Vatika, poems on the life of Krishna, were composed by:

A

Bihari

B

Surdas

Raskhan

D

Kabir

Explanation

Raskhan (approx. 1558-1628) was a Hindi poet who was both a Muslim and follower of Lord Krishna.

Q 4.

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After consolidating his power, Balban assumed the grand title of:

A

Tute-Hind

B

Kaisr-I-Hind

Zil-I-Ilahi

D

Din-I-Ilahi

Explanation

The Persian court model influenced balban’s conception of Kingship. He took up the title of Zil-i-Ilahi (Shadow of God).

Q 5.

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Head of the military department under the recognised central machinery of administration during Akbar's reign was:

A

Diwan

Mir Bakshi

C

Mir Saman

D

Bakshi

Explanation

He was the head of the military and intelligence department. He was not the Commander-in-Chief but was the paymaster-general. All intelligence officers (bands) and news-reporters (Waqia-navis) reported to him.

Q 6.

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Which one of the following pairs of composers in different languages and their works on the Mahabharata theme is correctly matched?

A

Sarladasa-Bengali

B

Kasirama-Oriya

C

Tikkana-Marathi

Pampa-Kannada

Explanation

Pampa was a Kannada poet whose works reflected his philosophical beliefs. Vikramarjuna Vijaya, also known as Pampa Bharata, is a Kannada version of the Mahabharata of Vyasa.

Q 7.

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The medieval Indian writer who refers to the discovery of America is :

A

Malik Muhammad Jayasi

Amir Khusrau

C

Raskhan

D

Abul Fazl

Explanation

Amir Khusrau refers to the discovery of America.

Q 8.

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The member of Shivaji's Ashtapradhan who looked after foreign affairs was:

A

Peshwa

B

Sachiv

C

Pandit Rao

Sumant

Explanation

Sachiv was the minister in charge of royal correspondence. Pandit Rao - religious matter

Q 9.

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The loss of Qandhar was a big blow to the Mughal empire from the view point of:

A

natural resources

B

buffer territory

C

communication

strategic stronghold

Explanation

Shah Jahan recovered Kandhar in 1638 from the Iranians but lost it again in 1649 despite three campaigns. The loss of Kandhar was a big blow as it was a strategic stronghold.

Q 10.

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Sultan of Delhi who is reputed to have built the biggest network of canals in India was:

A

Iltutmish

B

Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq

Firoz Shah Tughlaq

D

Sikandar Lodi

Explanation

Firoz Shah Tughlaq built and repaired a large number of canals.

Q 11.

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Assertion (A): At first the Turkish administration in India was essentially military.
Reason (R): The country was parcelled out as 'Iqtas' among leading military leaders.

Both A and R are true but R is the correct explanation of A

B

Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

C

A is true but R is false

D

A is false but R is true

Explanation

Iqta is that part of land granted by the sultan to its military chiefs for maintenance of troopers. The land was taken back when the Iqtadars were not in a position to maintain the army.

Q 12.

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Assertion (A): During the reign of Shahjahan, Dara Sikoh was sent on expedition to Balkha, Badakhshan and Qandahar.
Reason (R): The expedition sent by Shahjahan to the Middle-East was a marvellous success.

A

Both A and R are true but R is the correct explanation of A

B

Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

A is true but R is false

D

A is false but R is true

Explanation

R is incorrect as this expedition failed miserably.

Q 13.

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Consider the following statements:
Ahadis were those troopers who:
1. offered their services singly
2. did not attach themselves to any chief
3. had the emperor as their immediate colonel
4. attached themselves to Mirzas
Of these statements:

A

1, 3 and 4 are correct

1, 2 and 3 are correct

C

2 and 3 are correct

D

1 and 4 are correct

Explanation

Ahadis were the gentlemen troopers who were recruited individually and were under the command of a separate mansabdar or officer, and had a diwan and a bakshi of their own. They were considered very efficient and loyal troops and were paid high salaries.

Q 14.

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Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

A

Jahangir : William Hawkins

Akbar : Sir Thomas Roe

C

Shahjahan : Travernier

D

Aurangzeb : Manucci

Explanation

Sir Thomas Roe also visited the court of Jahangir. He was an ambassador of James -I, king of England. Tavernier's account covers the reign of Shahjahan and Aurangzeb.

Q 15.

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Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the list:

List-IList-II
A. Land allotted to big feudal landlords1. Jagirdari System
B. Land allotted to revenue farmers of rent collectors2. Ryotwari System
C. Land allotted to each peasant with the right to sublet, mortgage transfer, gift or sell3. Mahalwari System
D. Revenue settlements made at village level4. Zamindari System

Codes:

A

A-1;B-3;C-2;D-4

A-1;B-4;C-2;D-3

C

A-3;B-4;C-1;D-2

D

A-2;B-1;C-3;D-4

Explanation

Under the Mahalwari system, revenue, settlement was to be made by village or estates with the landlords. In the Ryotwari system, a direct settlement was made between the government and the ryot (cultivator). In the Zamindari system, land is allotted to revenue farmers of Zamindars (rent collectors).

Q 16.

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Who among the following streamlined the Maratha administration after Sambhaji ?

A

Raja Ram

Balaji Vishwanath

C

Ganga Bai

D

Nanaji Deshmukh

Explanation

Best answer is Balaji Vishwanath. As Sambhaji (1680-89) were succeeded by Rajaram, Shivaji II, Tarabai and Shahu ji. Balaji Vishwanath played a crucial role in the final victory of Shahu by winning over almost all the Maratha sardars to the side of Shahu. Under Baji Rao I Maratha power reached a zenith. But that option is not given.

Q 17.

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The given map refers to the kingdom of:

Akbar at the time of capture of Khandesh in 1601

B

Akbar at the time of his death in 1605

C

Aurangzeb at the time of capture of Hyderabad

D

Aurangzeb at the time of his death in 1707

Q 18.

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Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List-IList-II
A. Iqta1. Marathas
B. Jagir2. Delhi Sultans
C. Amaram3. Mughals
D. Mokasa4. Vijayanagara

Codes:

A

A-3;B-2;C-1;D-4

A-2;B-3;C-4;D-1

C

A-2;B-3;C-1;D-4

D

A-3;B-2;C-4;D-1

Explanation

These are the land grants given during the period of different dynasties.

Q 19.

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Which one of the following Muslim rulers was hailed as the 'Jagadguru' by his Muslim subject because of his belief in secularism?

A

Hussain Shah

B

Zain-ul-Abidin

Ibrahim Adil Shah

D

Mahmud II

Explanation

Ibrahim Adil Shah II (1556 - 1627), of the Adil Shahi dynasty, was the king of Bijapur Sultanate.

Q 20.

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Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List-I (Bhakti Saint) List-II (Profession)
A. Namdev1. Barber
B. Kabir 2. Weaver
C. Ravidas 3. Tailor
D. Sena 4. Cobbler

Codes:

A

A-2;B-3;C-1;D-4

A-3;B-2;C-4;D-1

C

A-3;B-2;C-1;D-4

D

A-2;B-3;C-4;D-1

Explanation

These Bhakti saints were disciples of Saint Ramananda.

Q 21.

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Mongols under Chengiz Khan invaded India during the reign of:

A

Balban

B

Firoz Tughlaq

Iltutmish

D

Muhammad Bin Tughlaq

Explanation

Mongols under Chengiz Khan (died in 1227) invaded India during the reign of Iltutmish (1211-36) but did not enter deep in India as Iltutmish refused to give shelter to the Persian king, Khwarizm Shah, whom Chengiz Khan was chasing.

Q 22.

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Which among the following ports was called Babul Makka (Gate of Makka) during the Mughal period?

A

Calicut

B

Broach

C

Cambay

Surat

Explanation

Surat was called Gate of Makka because the pilgrimage to Makka started from Surat.

Q 23.

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Which of the following pairs is correctly matched?

Dewan-i-Bandagani - Tughlaq

B

Dewan-i-Mustakhraj - Balban

C

Dewan-i-Kohi - Alauddin Khilji

D

Dewan-i-Arz - Muhammad Tughlaq

Explanation

Dewan-i-Bandagani (Department of Slaves) was constituted by Firoz Tughlaq; Dewan-i-Mustakhraj (Dept of Arrears) - Alauddin Khalji; Dewan-i-Kohi (Dept of Agriculture) - Muhammad Bin Tughlaq; Dewan-i-Arz (Dept of Military) - Balban.

Q 24.

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Assertion (A): Battle of Khanua was certainly more decisive and significant than the First Battle of Panipat
Reason (R): Rana Sanga, the Rajput hero, was certainly a more formidable adversary than Ibrahim Lodi.

Both A and R are individually true but R is the correct explanation of A

B

Both A and R are individually true but R is not a correct explanation of A

C

A is true but R is false

D

A is false but R is true

Explanation

Battle of Khanua (1527, Rana Sanga was defeated by Babar); First Battle of Panipat (1526, Ibrahim Lodhi was defeated by Babur). Rana Sangha once defeated Ibrahim Lodhi so R explains A.

Q 25.

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Fawazil in the Sultanate period meant:

A

extra payment to the nobles

B

revenue assigned in lieu of salary

excess amount paid to the exchequer by the Iqtadars

D

illegal exactions extracted from the peasants

Explanation

Fawazil was balance between the income and expenditure of Iqta-holders.