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UPSC > International Affairs

Explore popular questions from International Affairs for UPSC. This collection covers International Affairs previous year UPSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

Q 1.

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Consider the following statements:
1. Hindi will be included as a third official language to be used in the courts alongside Arabic and English in Abu Dhabi.
2. An estimated 3.3 million Indian expats live in UAE, and a large number of them are blue collared workers.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 only

B

2 only

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 nor 2

Q 2.

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India revoked Pakistan’s most-favoured nation (MFN) status following the Pulwama terrorist attack. Consider the following statements regarding MFN (most favoured nation status):
1. MFN essentially guarantees the most favourable trade conditions between two countries.
2. Under WTO norms, member countries are mandated to give this status to each other on a reciprocal basis.
3. India had granted MFN status, which provides non-discriminatory access to its market, to Pakistan in 1996.
4. Pakistan has accorded MFN status to India in 1999.
Which of the above statements are not true?

A

1 and 2 only

1, 2 and 3 only

C

2 and 3 only

D

All of above

Explanation

Most Favoured Nation is a treatment accorded to a trade partner to ensure non-discriminatory trade between two countries vis-a-vis other trade partners. India granted MFN status to Pakistan in 1996, a year after the formation of WTO. Pakistan has not accorded MFN status to India. The reason behind Pakistan’s move to not grant MFN status to India is decades of conflict, mistrust, and war.

Q 3.

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Which country has been rated as the most liveable location for Asian expatriates recently?

A

India

B

Japan

C

Nepal

Singapore

Explanation

Singapore has been rated as the most liveable location for Asian expatriates in 2019 for the 14th consecutive year. The report is conducted by global agency ECA International, focusing on solutions for businesses operating across borders. According to the Survey, the other top 20 locations include cities in Australia, Japan, New Zealand, Denmark, Netherlands, Switzerland and Norway, with numerous cities at the same place in the ranking.

Q 4.

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Recently International Court of Justice (ICJ) has advised the UK to return the Diego Garcia (Chagos Islands) to Mauritius as rapidly as possible. Why the Diego Garcia (Chagos Islands) had become the bone of contention?
1. Mauritius was the colony of erstwhile of British Empire. With the calls of decolonisation grew stronger, the British granted independence to the Island nation Mauritius. But the British cut off the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritius in 1965 before granting it independence in 1968.
2. The residents of the Chagos Archipelago were forcibly removed and the Chagos Archipelago was handed over to the US.
3. The US established its strategic Indian Ocean military base at the Chagos Archipelago.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 and 2 only

B

2 and 3 only

C

1 and 3 only

All of the above

Q 5.

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Macky Sall has been re-elected president of

Senegal

B

Mauritania

C

Gambia

D

Mali

Q 6.

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Consider the following statements regarding the seventh annual World Government Summit.
1. The World Government Summit is a global platform dedicated to shaping the future of government worldwide.
2. Each year, the summit sets the agenda for the next generation of governments with a focus on how they can harness innovation and technology to solve universal challenges facing humanity.
3. It is basically a knowledge exchange centre at the intersection between government, futurism, technology and innovation.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 and 3

B

1 and 2

C

Only 3

1, 2, and 3

Q 7.

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With reference to the Global Risk Report 2019, consider the following statements:
1. The report consists worrying geopolitical and geoeconomic tensions which can hinder the progress of world
2. A “global risk” is defined as an uncertain event or condition that, if it occurs, can cause significant negative impact for several countries or industries within the next 10 years.
3. It is published by World Heath Organizations (WHO).
4. Environmental threats dominate the list for the third year in row both in terms of impact and likelihood.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1, 3 and 4

1, 2 and 4

C

1, 2 and 3

D

All of the above

Explanation

The Global Risk Report of 2019 is released by World Economic Forum. The Global Risks Report 2019 is published against a backdrop of worry ing geopolitical and geoeconomic tensions.

Q 8.

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With reference to the INF Treaty which is recently in news, consider the following statements:
1. The Intermediate Range Nuclear Force Treaty popularly known as INF Treaty is a Cold War era treaty done between the then chiefs of USA and USSR Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev respectively.
2. This treaty banned the usage of long range missiles (above 3500 miles)
3. US announced to pull itself out from the treaty
4. Russia in return also suspended this binding treaty
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

1, 3 and 4

B

1, 2 and 4

C

1 and 4

D

All of the above

Explanation

In a recent move against nuclear disarmament, US and its counterpart Russia announced to pull themselves out of the INF (Intermediate Range Nuclear Force) Treaty. US announced to withdrawal from the treaty on February 2, 2019. Russia did the same in return and announced to suspend the treaty from its part.

Q 9.

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World’s first television channel dedicated to human rights was launched at

London

B

Delhi

C

New York

D

Hague

Explanation

World’s first television channel dedicated to human rights was launched in London on 15th January 2019. The International Observatory of Human Rights (IOHR) informed that its internet-based channel would bring human rights issues to audiences in over twenty countries across Europe, Latin America and the Middle East. This TV channel will telecast topics which will include refugees, press freedom and the incarceration of journalists, extremism, women’s rights, LGBT+ issues and the plight of the world's stateless people.

Q 10.

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Consider the following statements regarding Chabahar Port of Iran.
1. Afghanistan has launched a new export route to India through the Chabahar Port of Iran.
2. Chabahar port is seen as a testimony of healthy cooperation between India, Iran and Afghanistan this will ensure economic growth.
3. This route allows both India and Afghanistan to engage in trade bypassing Pakistan.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 and 3

B

1 and 2

C

Only 3

1, 2 and 3

Q 11.

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Who has been appointed as Chief Justice of Pakistan in January, 2019?

A

Mian Saqib Nisar

B

Anwar Zaheer Jamali

Justice Asif Saeed Khan Khosa

D

Gulzar Ahmed

Explanation

President Arif Alvi appointed Justice Asif Saeed Khan Khosa as Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP). He succeeded Justice Saqib Nisar. Justice Khosa is the 26th Chief Justice of Pakistan. He took charge on 18 January, 2019. He will serve as CJP (Chief Justice of Pakistan) till December 20, 2019

Q 12.

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Consider the following statements:
1. The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on December 5, adopted a Russian resolution on international information security (IIS) titled “Developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security.”
2. The resolution was supported by several countries and co-authored by over 30 countries.
3. Opening a new page in the global discussion on international information security which was launched 20 years ago, the issue of international security was first placed on the UN's agenda in 1998 at Russia’s initiative.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 and 3

B

1 and 2

C

Only 3

1, 2, and 3

Q 13.

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Which of the following countries have officially disassociated itself from UNESCO?

A

UAE and Qatar

B

North Korea and japan

United States and Israel

D

Iran and Afghanistan

Explanation

United States and Israel officially withdrew from the United Nations Educational. Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) on 1st January 2019. Prior to this.the two nations had announced their intention to quit the international organization in October 2017, citing anti-Israel bias. This is the second such instance when the US has withdrawn itself from a major multilateral commitment after President Donald Trump took charge, first being its withdrawal from the 2015 Paris climate change agreement. It underlines Trump’s ‘America First’ policies.

Q 14.

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India and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) sign agreement to enable India’s participation in Programme for International Students Assessment (PISA) to be held in 2021. Which of the following regarding the PISA initiative are true?
1. The Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) is an international assessment that measures 15-ycar-old students’ reading, mathematics, and science literacy every three years.
2. PISA has developed a framework to explain, foster and assess adolescents’ global competence which is designed as a tool for policy makers, leaders, and teachers interested in nurturing global competence among young people worldwide.
3. The OECD which is the parent organisation conducting the PISA test is head quartered in New York, USA.
4. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is a group of 34 member countries that discuss and develop economic and social policy.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

1, 2 and 4 only

B

1, 2 and 3 only

C

2, 3 and 4 only

D

all of the above

Explanation

The OECD which is the parent organisation conducting the PISA test is head quartered in Paris, France.

Q 15.

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Who sworn in as the new President of Brazil?

Jair Bolsonaro

B

Dilima Rousseff

C

Michel Temer

D

Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva

Explanation

Jair Bolsonaro sworn in as new president of Brazil on 1st January 2019. He succeeded Michel Temer. Mr Bolsonaro was elected with 55% of the popular vote against 45% for Fernando Haddad from the left-wing Workers Party. The President of Brazil is both the head of state and the head of government of the Federative Republic of Brazil. The president leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the Brazilian Armed Forces.

Q 16.

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Consider the following statements regarding 24th meeting of Conference of Parties (COP) 24.
1. The 24th Meeting of Conference of Parties (COP-24) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was organized at Katowice, Poland from 2nd December 2018 to 14th December 2018.
2. The Agreement also aims at focussing on developing country parties’ and they need to adapt to adverse impacts of climate change, in a manner that it does not put an extra burden on them.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 only

B

2 only

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 nor 2

Q 17.

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Recently US President Trump signs directive to create new Space Force. Consider the following statements regarding Military Space Force.
1. The creation of the U.S. Space Force as a sixth military branch housed within the Department of the Air Force.
2. The main goal of the Space Force is to secure and extend American dominance of the space domain.
3. Trump signed the Space Policy Directive 4, which puts in place the foundation for a legislative initiative that could establish a Space Force as a new military service comparable to the US Marines.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 and 3

B

1 and 2

C

Only 3

1, 2 and 3

Explanation

President Trump has signed a directive to create a Military Space Force. The directive orders the Pentagon to establish the Space Force as the sixth branch of the United States military, to go along with the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines and Coast Guard. The main goal of the Space Force is to secure and extend American dominance of the space domain.

Q 18.

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Recently Iran Unveils New ‘Fateh' Submarine. Consider the following statements regarding ’Fateh' Submarine.
1. It is "state-of-the-art" domestically produced submarine capable of firing cruise missiles.
2. It is Iran’s first submarine in the semi-heavy category.
3. The submarine can operate more than 1000 metres below sea level for up to 90 days.
4. It is equipped with subsurface-to-Air missiles.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1, 2 and 4 only

1 and 2 only

C

2, 3 and 4 only

D

all of the above

Explanation

The Iranian President Hassan Rouhani has unveiled a “state-of-the-art” domestically produced submarine capable of firing cruise missiles. The launch has gained significance due to the skewed relations with the USA. The launch was held in the southern port city of Bandar Abbas. The submarine can operate more than 200 metres below sea level for up to 35 days. It has subsurface-to-surface missiles with a range of about 2, 000 kilometres (1, 250 miles), making it capable in reaching Israel and U.S. military bases in the region.

Q 19.

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With reference to recent events associated with United Nations Security Council (UNSC), Consider the following statements:
1. Belgium, Dominican Republic, Germany, Indonesia and South Africa are appointed as the new non-permanent members of the UNSC
2. UNSC is composed of total 35 members including five non permanent members
3. The Presidency of the Council is given to the Dominican Republic
4. The Presidency is rotated every month and the tenure of non-permanent members last for 1 year
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1, 3 and 4

B

2, 3 and 4

1 and 3

D

All of the above

Explanation

Belgium, Dominican Republic, Germany, Indonesia and South Africa were appointed new non-permanent members of the United Nations Security Council on 3 January 2019, for the period of 2 years. The United Nations Security Council is the most powerful body of United Nations, responsible for maintaining international peace and security as well as accepting new membership to the UN. It is one of the 6 main organs of UN. It is constituted of 15 member countries having 5 permanent members with veto power and 10 non-permanent member countries. Dominican Republic is elected the President of the UNSC. With the Article 23 of Charter, amended in 1963 and enforced in 1965. General Assembly increased the number of members of non-permanent countries from 6 to 10. With Rule 142 of the rules of procedure. Assembly elects 5 non-permanent members each year. The non permanent members have 5 African and Asian states each. 1 Eastern European state, 2 Latin American states and 2 Western European and other states. Non-permanent members are elected by a secret ballot with two-third majority.

Q 20.

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Egypt's President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi has been elected chairman of the

A

Amnesty International

B

International labour organisation

C

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

African Union

Explanation

Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah al-Sissi has been elected chairman of the African Union at the continental body’s summit in Ethiopia. Egyptian leaders have been absent from African Union meetings since 1995 when an assassination attempt was made on the life of former leader Hosni Mubarak. Sissi’s election brought to an end the one-year chairmanship of Rwanda’s President Paul Kagame.

Q 21.

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In January 2019 the Union Cabinet approves Memorandum of Understanding between India and Kuwait for cooperation on the Recruitment of Domestic Workers. Consider the following statements.
1. It provides strengthened safeguards for Indian domestic workers including female workers deployed in Kuwait.
2. The MOU is valid for a period of two years.
3. Under this MOU, a Joint Committee will be set up to follow up the implementation of this MOU.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 only

B

2 and 3 only

1 and 3 only

D

All of above

Explanation

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the signing Memorandum of Understanding between India and Kuwait for cooperation on the Recruitment of Domestic Workers. The MOU provides a structured framework for cooperation on domestic workers related matters and provides strengthened safeguards for Indian domestic workers including female workers deployed in Kuwait. The MOU is initially valid for a period of five years and incorporates provision for automatic renewal.

Q 22.

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Recently the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Republic of Korea and the India. The proposed MOU aims
1. To improve the effectiveness of both countries in the prevention and suppression of crimes
2. To establish a framework for enhancing cooperation between the officials of intelligence and law-enforcement agencies of the two countries.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 only

B

2 only

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 nor 2

Q 23.

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Recently, a Memorandum of Understanding was signed between Myanmar and United Nations agencies-

A

To provide financial assistance to Myanmar

B

For the deployment of United Nations Supervisors in Myanmar

C

For improving healthcare in Myanmar

For the return of Rohingya Muslims

Q 24.

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Recently, the Union Cabinet has approved the proposal for entering into an Agreement for Bilateral Swap Arrangement (BSA) between India and Japan. With reference to ‘Bilateral Swap Arrangement (BSA)'consider the following statement:
1. The swap arrangement is an agreement between India and Japan to essentially exchange and re-exchange a maximum amount of USD 75 Billion for domestic currency, for the purpose of maintaining an appropriate level of balance of payments for meeting short-term deficiency in foreign exchange.
2. The BSA is a very good example of mutual cooperation between India and Japan for strategic objective of assisting each other in times of difficulty and for restoring international confidence.
3. This facility will enable the agreed amount of Capital being available to India on tap for use.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 only

B

2 and 3 only

C

1 and 3 only

All of above

Q 25.

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With reference to ‘Exercise Sampriti-2019’ consider the following statement:
1. Exercise Sampriti-2019 is an important bilateral defense cooperation endeavour between India and Bangladesh.
2. The exercise is aimed to strengthen and broaden the aspects of interoperability and cooperation between the Indian and Bangladesh Armies.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 only

B

2 only

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 nor 2