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UPSC > Indian Polity and Governance

Explore popular questions from Indian Polity and Governance for UPSC. This collection covers Indian Polity and Governance previous year UPSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

Q 1.

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The majority of the provisions of the Indian Constitution can be amended:

A

by the State Legislature alone

the Parliament alone

C

with the joint approval of the Parliament and State Legislatures

D

only on ratification of half the States

Q 2.

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Which among the following constitutional amendment provided for state reorganisation on linguistic basis?

A

Third Amendment

B

Fourth Amendment

Sixth Amendment

D

Seventh Amendment

Q 3.

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One of the following amendments imposed restrictions on the fundamental rights of the citizens with a view to protect the sovereignty and integrity of India. It was the:

Sixteenth Amendment

B

Twentieth Amendment

C

Fifteenth Amendment

D

Forty-second Amendment

Q 4.

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Constitutional safeguards to civil servants are ensured by:

A

Article 310

B

Article 315

C

Article 312

Article 311

Q 5.

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Which of the following Constitutional Amendments have added Article 15 (5) in the Constitution of India providing for reservation in educational institutions in the private sector also ?

A

81st Amendment

B

86th Amendment

C

91st Amendment

93rd Amendment

Explanation

The reservation in educational institutions in the private sector was provided in the 93rd Amendment under the article 15 (5) of the constitution of India.

Q 6.

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Which one of the following amendments to the Indian Constitution empowers the President to send back any matter for reconsideration by the Council of Ministers?

A

39th

B

40th

C

42nd

44th

Explanation

44th Before the 42nd amendment. Article 74(1) stated that, �there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advise the President in the exercise of his functions�. However, there was a slight ambiguity whether the advice of the Council of Ministers is binding on the President. Forty-second Amendment of the 42nd Constitutional Amendment (1976) made it explicit that the President shall, �act in accordance with such advice�. The amendment went into effect from 3 January, 1977. The 44th Amendment (1978) however added that the President can send the advice back for reconsideration once. But if the Council of Ministers sends the same advice again to the President then the President must accept it. The amendment went into effect from 20 June, 1979.

Q 7.

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Which of the following Constitutional Amendments are related to raising the number of Members of Lok Sabha to be elected from the States?

A

6th and 22nd

B

13th and 38th

7th and 31st

D

11th and 42nd

Explanation

7th Amendment Act 1956 provides for composition of the House of the People and re-adjustment after every census. 31st amendment act 1973 provides for raising the upper limit for the representation of states in the Lok Sabha from 500 to 525 and reducing the upper limit for the representation of UTs from 25 to 20.

Q 8.

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Which of the following Constitution Amendment Acts seeks that the size of the Councils of Ministers at the Centre and in a State must not exceed 15 per cent of the total number of members in the Lok Sabha and the total number of members of the Legislative Assembly of that State, respectively?

91st

B

93rd

C

95th

D

97th

Explanation

The above provision has been added by 91st constitutional Amendment Act, 2003.

Q 9.

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Which Constitutional Article deals with 'Representation of the Anglo-Indian Community� with House of the People ?

A

Article 334

Article 331

C

Article 332

D

Article 333

Q 10.

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Which of the following is true about the Constitution (Twenty Furth Amendment) Act, 1971

A

Parliament has the power to amend any part of the Constitution including fundamental rights

B

The President is bound to assent Constitution amendment bill

C

Education was transferred to the Concurrent List\

All the above

Q 11.

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Which of the following amendment was passed during the period of emergency?

A

45th amendment

B

50th amendment

42nd amendment

D

47th amendment

Q 12.

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Which of the following is true about the Constitution (Forty Second Amendment) Act, 1976?

A

Precedence to Directive Principles over Fundamental Rights

B

Fundamental Duties are included

C

Constitutional Amendment should not be questioned in any court

All the above

Q 13.

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Which of the following Amendment Act of the constitution deleted the right to property from the list of fundamental rights?

A

The Constitution ( Thirty-seventh Amendment) Act, 1975

B

The Constitution ( Thirty-eighth Amendment) Act,1975

The Constitution ( Forty-Fourth Amendment) Act, 1978

D

The Constitution ( Forty-Second Amendment) Act,1976

Q 14.

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Which of the following are matters on which a constitutional amendment is possible only with the ratification of the legislature of not less than one-half of the states?1. Election of the President2. Representation of states in the Parliament3. Lists in the 7th Schedule4. Abolition of the Legislative Council in a State Codes:

A

1,2 and 3

B

1, 2 and 4

C

1,3 and 4

2, 3 and 4

Explanation

An amendment to the Constitution of India canbe initiated by either House of Parliament under article 368. It does not require the President�s recommendation.

Q 15.

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Consider the following statements about the recent amendments to the elections law by the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 1996:1. Any conviction for the offence of insulting the Indian National flag or the Constitution of Indian shall entail disqualification for contesting elections to Parliament and State Legislatures for six year from the date of conviction2. There is an increase in the security deposit which a candidate has to make to contest the election to the Lok Sabha3. A candidate cannot now stand for election from more than one Parliament Constituency4. No election will now be countermanded on the death of a contesting candidate Which of the above statements are correct?

2 and 3

B

1,2 and 4

C

1 and 3

D

1,2, 3 and 4

Q 16.

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Consider the following provisions-1. Free & compulsory education to all children below 14 years of age.2. Right to elementary Education.3. Ban on employment of children below the age of 14 in hazardous industries & factories. Which provision comes under Article 24?

A

1 & 2

B

2 & 3

only 3

D

None of the above

Q 17.

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Match the following columns List-I List-II A. Reorganisation of 1. Seventh Amendment States B. Sikkim became 2. Thirty-sixth Amendment 22nd State of Indian Union C. Ninth Schedule 3. First Amendment added D. Abolition of Titles 4. Twenty-sixth Amendment of Princes

A-l, B-2, C-3, D-4

B

A-2, B-l, C-3, D-4

C

A-3, B-2, C-l, D-4

D

A-3, B-l, C-4, D-2

Q 18.

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President's Rule can be declared

A

on the written advice of the Union Cabinet

B

only on the recommendation of the Governor of the concerned State

if the President is satisfied that the government of a state cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution

D

if a State ministry is defeated on the floor of the Legislative Assembly

Q 19.

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Single-member constituency system means

A

a constituency having only one candidate

B

there can be only one voter in the constituency

a constituency which elects only one representative though there can be many candidates.

D

a constituency having only one political party to contest election

Q 20.

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The personnel system of any local authority, corporate body or public institution can be placed within the jurisdiction of the UPSC by

A

President of India

B

Central Ministry of Personnel

Parliament

D

Supreme Court

Q 21.

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According to the constitution of India, a new all India service can be instituted with the initiative taken by

A

more than two-thirds of the states

B

The inter-states council

C

the Lok Sabha

The Rajya Sabha

Q 22.

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The finance commission is constituted to recommend criteria for

A

Framing a finance bill

B

preparing the annual budget of union government

Distribution of financial resources between union and the states

D

Auditing the receipts and expenditures of the union government

Q 23.

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Whose duty is it to recommend to the President of India on the issue of the distribution and allocation of the net proceeds of taxes in the context of Centre-State fiscal relations?

A

Planning commission

B

National Development Council

C

Union Ministry of Finance

Finance Commission

Explanation

An instrument which the constitution has evolved for the purpose of distributing financial resources between the centre and the states is the finance commission. According to Article 280 of the constitution, it is to be constituted by the president once five year and consist of a chairman and four other members appointed by the president.

Q 24.

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The members of the UPSC can be removed from their office during their tenure by

A

the President

B

the Parliament

C

the President on the report of the Parliament

the President on the report of the Supreme Court of India

Q 25.

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Which one of the following is not an All India Service?

A

Indian Foreign Service

Economic Service

C

Indian Administrative Service

D

Indian Police Service