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UPSC > Indian National Movement

Explore popular questions from Indian National Movement for UPSC. This collection covers Indian National Movement previous year UPSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

Q 1.

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The radical wing of the Congress Party with Jawaharlal Nehru as one of its main leaders, founded the Independence for India League in opposition to :

A

the Finance Commission

B

the National Development Council

Nehru Report

D

the Constitution of India

Explanation

When the Nehru Report came before the annual session of the Congress in Calcutta in December 1928, the left lashed it out on the fact that it did not want the complete Independence and wanted only a dominion status. Meanwhile in April 1928, the "Independence for India League" was formed with Jawahar Lai Nehru and Subhash Chandra Bose as Secretaries and S. Srinivasa Iyengar as President.

Q 2.

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Which one of the following was an emigre communist journal of M.N. Roy?

A

Kisan Sahba

B

The Worker

Vanguard

D

Anushilan

Explanation

Communist Vanguard was an emigre Communist journal of M.N. Roy.

Q 3.

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What is the correct sequence of the following events?
1. The Lucknow Pact
2. The Introduction on Dyarchy
3. The Rowlatt Act
4. The Partition of Bengal
Codes:

A

1, 3, 2, 4

4, 1, 3, 2

C

1, 2, 3, 4

D

4, 3, 2, 1

Explanation

Lucknow Pact - 1916; Introduction of Diarchy under Montford Reforms (GIA 1919) - July 1918; Rowlatt Act - March 1919; Partition of Bengal - 1905. Answer could be 4123. But here best option is b.

Q 4.

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The Barrah dacoity was the first major venture of the revolutionary terrorists of the freedom movement in:

A

Bombay-Karnataka

B

Punjab

East Bengal

D

The Madras Presidency

Explanation

In 1908, Barr ah Dacoity was organized by Dacca Anushilan under Pulin Das in East Bengal.

Q 5.

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In 1930, Mahatma Gandhi started Civil Disobedience Movement from:

A

Sevagram

B

Dandi

Sabarmati

D

Wardha

Explanation

On 12 March, 1930, Gandhi started his civil disobedience movement by starting Dandi March from Sabarmati Ashram in Gujarat and reached Dandi on 6 April 1930 and broke the salt law.

Q 6.

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The Sarabandi (no tax) campaign of 1922 was led by:

A

Bhagat Singh

B

Chittaranjan Das

C

Rajaguru

Vallabhbhai Patel

Explanation

It was led by Vallabh Bhai Patel in Gujarat.

Q 7.

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Which one of the following first mooted the idea of a constituent assembly to frame a constitution for India?

Swaraj Party in 1934

B

Congress Party in 1936

C

Muslims League in 1942

D

All Parties Conference in 1946

Explanation

Swaraj party was formed in 1934 by CR Das.

Q 8.

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Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R).
Assertion (A): The British sovereignty continued to exist in free India.
Reason (R): The British sovereign appointed the last Governor General of free India.
In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct?

A

Both A and R are true but R is the correct explanation of A

B

Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

C

A is true but R is false

A is false but R is true

Explanation

The British sovereignty ceased to exist in India after Aug 15,1947.

Q 9.

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Who among the following leaders did not believe in the drain theory of Dadabhai Naoroji ?

A

B.G. Tilak

B

R.C. Dutt

C

M.G. Ranade

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan

Explanation

Economic drain refers to a portion of national product of India which was not available for consumption of its peoples but was being drained away to Britain for political reasons and India was not getting adequate economic or material returns for it. The drain theory was put forward by Dadabhai Naoroji in his book Poverty and Un-British Rule in India.

Q 10.

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B.R. Ambedkar was elected to the Constituent Assembly from:

West Bengal

B

Bombay President

C

Madhya Bharat

D

Punjab

Explanation

He was a resident of Bombay Presidency, but was elected to Constituent Assembly from WB.

Q 11.

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The Anarchical and Revolutionary Crime Act (1919) was popularly known as the:

Rowlatt Act

B

Pitt's India Act

C

Indian Arms Act

D

Ilbert Bill

Explanation

Pitt's India act - 1784; Indian Arms Act - 1878; Ilbert Bill - 1883 - 84

Q 12.

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The meeting of Indian and British political leaders during 1930-32 in London has often been referred to as the First, Second and Third Round Table Conferences. It would be incorrect to refer to them as such because:

A

the Indian National Congress did not take part in two of them

B

Indian parties other than the Indian National Congress, participating in the conference represented sectional interests and not the whole of India

C

the British Labour Party had withdrawn from the conference thereby making the proceeding of the conference partisan

It was an instance of a conference held in three session and not that of three separate conference

Explanation

First round table conference was initially between the British and the Indian as equals. The INC did not participated in the first and third conference.

Q 13.

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Who among the following was a prominent leader of the Congress Socialist Party?

A

M.N. Roy

B

Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi

C

Pattam Thanu Pillai

Acharya Narendra Dev

Explanation

CSP was formed in 1934 by JP Narayan, Acharya Narendra Dev, Basawon Singh and Yogendra Shukla

Q 14.

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Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:


Codes:

A

A - 4; B - 1; C - 3; D - 2

B

A - 1; B - 4; C - 3; D - 2

C

A - 4; B - 1; C - 2; D - 3

A - 1; B - 4; C - 2; D - 3

Q 15.

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Which one of the following is not correct about the Cabinet Mission Plan ?

A

Provincial grouping

B

Interim Cabinet of Indians

Acceptance of Pakistan

D

Constitution framing right

Explanation

Cabinet mission proposed a rejection of the demand for a full fledged Pakistan because the Pakistan so formed would include large non-muslim population - 38% in the N-W and 48% in the N-E.

Q 16.

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Match List I with II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List-IList-II
A. Surendranath Banerjee1. Hind Swaraj
B. M.K. Gandhi2. The Indian Struggle
C. Subhash Chandra Bose3. Autobiographical
D. Lajpat Rai4. A Nation in Making
List-I (Period)List-II (Event)
A. 18831. Announcement of Communal Award from Whitehall
B. 19062. Formation of the All India State Peoples Conference
C. 19273. Foundation of Muslim League at Dacca
D. 19324. First session of National Conference at Calcutta

Codes:

A

A - 4; B - 3; C - 1; D - 2

B

A - 3; B - 4; C - 1; D - 2

A - 4; B - 3; C - 2; D - 1

D

A - 3; B - 4; C - 2; D - 1

Explanation

Nawab Salimullah founded Muslim League in 1906 at Dacca. Communal Award was announced by Ramsay McDonald in 1932.

Q 17.

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M.C. Setalvad, B.N. Rao and Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer were distinguished members of the:

A

Swaraj Party

B

All India National Liberal Federation

C

Madras Labour Union

Servants of India Society

Explanation

The Servants of India Society was formed in Pune, Maharashtra, on June 12, 1905 by Gopal Krishna Gokhale. All are related to this organization.

Q 18.

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Which one of the following is not a principle of "Panchsheel"?

Non-alignment

B

Peaceful Co-existence

C

Mutual respect for each other's territorial integrity and sovereignty

D

Mutual non-interference in each other's internal affairs

Explanation

The Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence are a series of agreements between the People's Republic of China and India. They were formed in 1954. The 5 principles are called the Panchsheel, which form the basis of the Non-Aligned Movement, were laid down by Jawaharlal Nehru. Those are:
1. Mutual respect for each other's territorial integrity and sovereignty
2. Mutual non-aggression against anyone.
3. Mutual non-interference in each other's internal affairs
4. Equality and mutual benefit
5. Peaceful co-existence

Q 19.

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Which one of the following events, was characterised by Montague as 'Preventive Murder'?

A

Killing of INA activities

Massacre at Jallianwala Bagh

C

Shooting of the Mahatma

D

Shooting of Curzon-Wythe

Explanation

Jalianwala Bagh massacre occurred on April 13, 1919 at Amritsar.

Q 20.

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What is the correct sequence of the following events?
1. The August offer
2. The I.N.A trial
3. The Quit India Movement
4. The Royal Indian Naval Ratings' Revolt.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below: Codes:

1, 3, 2, 4

B

3, 1, 2, 4

C

1, 3, 4, 2

D

3, 1, 4, 2

Explanation

August Offer-1940; INA Trial-1945; Quit India Movement-1942; Royal Indian Navy Ratings Revolt-1946

Q 21.

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Which one of the following defines extremist ideology during the early phase of Indian freedom movement?

A

Stimulating the production of indigenous articles by giving them preference over imported commodities

Obtaining self-government by aggressive means in place of petitions and constitutional ways

C

Providing national educational according to the requirements of the country

D

Organising coups against the British empire through military revolt

Q 22.

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The Congress is tottering to its fall and one of my great ambitious while in India, is to assist it to a peaceful demise. This statement is attributed to:

A

Lord Dufferin

Lord Curzon

C

Lord Lytton

D

None of the above

Explanation

Lord Curzon (1899-1905)

Q 23.

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Assertion (A): The Khilafat movement did bring the urban Muslims into the fold of the National Movement.
Reason (R): There was a predominant element of anti-imperialism in both the National and Khilafat Movement.

Both A and R are true but R is the correct explanation of A

B

Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

C

A is true but R is false

D

A is false but R is true

Explanation

Both are correct and R explains A.

Q 24.

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Assertion (A): Partition of Bengal in 1905 brought to an end the moderates' role in the Indian freedom movement.
Reason (R): The Surat session of Indian National Congress separated the Extremists from the Moderates.

A

Both A and R are true but R is the correct explanation of A

B

Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

C

A is true but R is false

A is false but R is true

Explanation

A is false as role of moderates continued after partition of Bengal. Extremists and moderates separated at Surat session in 1907 but reunited at 1916 session at Lucknow.

Q 25.

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Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

A

Jamnalal Bajaj-Satyagraha Ashram at Wardha

B

Dadabhai Naoroji-Bombay Association

C

Lala Lajpat Rai-National School at Lahore

Bal Gangadhar Tilak-Satya Shodhak Sabha

Explanation

Satya Sodhak Samaj was founded by Jyoti Ba Phule in 1873.