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UPSC > Indian Government and Administration

Explore popular questions from Indian Government and Administration for UPSC. This collection covers Indian Government and Administration previous year UPSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

Q 1.

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Which one of the following is correct in respect of the commencement of the election process in India?

The recommendation for election is made by the government and the notification for election is issued by the Election Commission

B

The recommendation for election is made by the Election Commission and the notification for election is issued by the Home Ministry at the Centre and Home Departments in the States

C

The recommendation for election is made by the Election Commission and the notification for election is issued by the President and Governors of the States concerned

D

Both the exercises of making a recommendation for election and that of issuing a notification in respect of it are done by the Election Commission

Explanation

Elections in India are conducted according to the constitutional provisions, supplemented by laws made by Parliament. The major laws are Representation of the People Act, 1950, which mainly deals with the preparation and revision of electoral rolls, the Representation of the People Act, 1951 which deals, in detail, with all aspects of conduct of elections and post election disputes.

Q 2.

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Which of the following are the State in which the Lok Ayukta Act includes the Chief Minister in its ambit?

A

West Bengal and Kerala

Gujarat and Maharashtra

C

Madhya Pradesh and Orissa

D

Rajasthan and Karnataka

Explanation

In Gujarat and Maharashtra the Chief Ministers come under the ambit of Lok Ayukta Act.

Q 3.

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Which of the followings political parties is/are national political parties?
1. Muslim League
2. Revolutionary Socialist Party
3. All India Forward Block
4. Peasants and Workers Party of India
Codes:

A

1, 2 and 3

B

2 and 4

C

3 only

None

Explanation

All the parties mentioned are state level parties.

Q 4.

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If in an election to a State legislative assembly, the candidate who is declared elected loses his deposit, it means that:

A

the polling was very poor

B

the election was for a multi-member constituency

C

the elected candidate's victory over his nearest rival was very marginal

a very large number of candidates contested the election

Explanation

A defeated candidate who fails to secure more than one sixth of the valid votes polled in the constituency will lose his security deposit. When a very large number of candidates contest the election, due to distribution of votes, the winning candidate may get less than 1/6 th of valid voters.

Q 5.

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If the number of seats allocated to a state in the Lok Sabha is 42, then the number of seats reserved for the Scheduled Castes in that state will be :

A

21

B

14

C

7

Data insufficient

Explanation

In this question no data is provided for percentage of SC population. That's why the number of reserved seats for SCs cannot be predicted. Allocation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Tribes in the Lok Sabha are made on the basis of proportion of Scheduled Castes and Tribes in the State concerned to that of the total population, vide provision contained in Article 330 of the Constitution of India read with Section 3 of the R. P. Act, 1950. Article 332 Reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Legislative Assemblies of the States : (1) Seats shall be reserved for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes, except the Scheduled Tribes in the autonomous districts of Assam, in the Legislative Assembly of every State. (2) Seats shall be reserved also for the autonomous districts in the Legislative Assembly of the State of Assam. (3) The number of seats reserved for the Scheduled Castes or the Scheduled Tribes in the Legislative Assembly of any State under clause (1) shall bear, as nearly as may be, the same proportion to the total number of seats in the Assembly as the population of the Scheduled Castes in the State or of the Scheduled Tribes in the State or part of the State, as the case may be, in respect of which seats are so reserved, bears to the total population of the State.

Q 6.

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Of the four forms of political protests mentioned below, which one is derived from the name of the person who used it as a political weapon for the first time?

Boycott

B

Gherao

C

Bandh

D

Hartal

Explanation

Captain Charles Cunningham Boycott was a British land agent whose ostracism by the local community in Ireland as part of a campaign for agrarian tenants' rights in 1880 gave the English language the verb to boycott, meaning "to ostracise".

Q 7.

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Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R) :
Assertion (A) : The word minority is not defined in the Constitution of India.
Reason (R) : The Minorities Commission is not a constitutional body.
In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct?

A

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation

C

A is true but R is false

D

A is false but R is true

Explanation

Both statements are correct but do not explain the assertion. At present, the Minorities Commission has a Statutory status. 103rd Constitutional Amendment Bill provides for granting constitutional status to the Minorities Commission. The bill has not passed by the Houses of Parliament.

Q 8.

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In which one of the following country will the noconfidence motion to bring down the government passed by the simultaneously a majority to elect successor government?

A

France

Germany

C

Italy

D

Portugal

Explanation

This process is followed in Germany and known as Constructive vote of no-confidence motion.

Q 9.

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Proportional representation is not necessary in a country where:

A

there are no reserved constituencies

a two-party system has developed

C

the first past-post system prevails

D

there is a fusion of presidential and parliamentary forms of government

Explanation

Political scientists speculate that proportional representation leads logically to multi-party systems, since it allows new parties to build a niche in the legislature.

Q 10.

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State funding of elections takes place in:

A

U.S.A and Canada

B

Britain and Switzerland

C

France and Italy

Germany and Austria

Explanation

Party funding in Austria has been subject to public regulation and public subsidies since 1975. Party finance in Germany is the subject of statutory reports, which up to 35 parties file annually with the administration of the German parliament.

Q 11.

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The concept of public Interest litigation originated in:

A

United Kingdom

B

Australia

USA

D

Canada

Explanation

PIL originated in USA. It seeks to protect and promote interest of the public at large.

Q 12.

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The Indian parliamentary system is different from the British parliamentary system in that India has:

A

both a real and a nominal executive

B

system of collective responsibility

C

bicameral legislature

the system of judicial review

Explanation

Judicial review is one big difference. In India, the judiciary system can take up an act passed by parliament and has the power to nullify it. In Britain, law passed by House of Commons can't be overturned.

Q 13.

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The Parliament can make any law for the whole or any part India for implementing international treaties:

A

with the consent of all the State

B

with the consent of the majority of States

C

with the consent of the States concerned

without the consent of any State

Explanation

It is the sole prerogative of Parliament under Article 253 of the Constitution.

Q 14.

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Consider the following functionaries:
1. Cabinet Secretary
2. Chief Election Commissioner
3. Union Cabinet Minister
4. Chief Justice of India
Their correct sequence in the Order of Precedence is:

A

3, 4, 2, 1

B

4, 3, 1, 2

4, 3, 2, 1

D

3, 4, 1, 2

Explanation

Chief Justice of India, Union Cabinet Minister, Chief Election Commissioner and Cabinet Secretary is the correct order of precedence.

Q 15.

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In what way does the Indian Parliament exercise control over the administration?

Through Parliamentary Committees

B

Through Consultative Committees in various ministries

C

By making the administrators send periodic reports

D

By compelling the executive to issue writs

Explanation

Parliamentary Committees are formed to dispose off the large volume of work in time but with detailed scrutiny. Their appointment, terms of office as well as functions etc are regulated by provisions under Article 118(1). These are of 2 kinds: Standing Committees and Ad-hoc Committees.

Q 16.

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In which one of the following areas does the State Government not have control over its local bodies?

Citizens' grievances

B

Financial matters

C

Legislation

D

Personnel matters

Explanation

The State government does not have control over its local bodies in matters of Citizens' grievances.

Q 17.

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Consider the following statements regarding the political parties in India:
1. The Representation of the People Act, 1951 provides for the registration of political parties
2. Registration of political parties is carried out by the Election Commission
3. A national level political party is one which is recognized in four or more states
4. During the 1999 general elections, there were six national and 48 state level parties recognised by the Election commission
Which of these statement are correct?

A

1, 2 and 4

B

1 and 3

C

2 and 4

1, 2, 3 and 4

Explanation

All the statements are correct.

Q 18.

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Consider the following statements with reference to India:
1. The Chief Election Commission and other Election Commissioners enjoy equal powers but receive unequal salaries
2. The Chief Election Commissioner is entitled to the same salary as is provided to a judge of the Supreme Court
3. The Chief Election Commissioner shall not be removed from his office except in like manner and on like grounds as a judge of the Supreme Court
4. The term of office of the Election Commissioner is five years from the date he assumes his office or till the day he attains the age of 62 years, whichever is earlier
Which of these statements are correct?

A

1 and 2

2 and 3

C

1 and 4

D

2 and 4

Explanation

The Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners enjoy equal powers and salaries. The term of office of the Election Commissioner is 6 years or till he attains the age of 65 years or whichever is earlier.

Q 19.

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The purpose of the inclusion of Directive Principles of the State Policy in the Indian Constitution is to establish:

A

political democracy

B

social democracy

C

Gandhian democracy

social and economic democracy

Explanation

The purpose of Directive Principles of State Policy is to establish the social and economic democracy. Political democracy is established by the Fundamental Rights.

Q 20.

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In the case of election to the Lok Sabha, the amount of Security deposited for general category candidates and SC/ST category candidates respectively is:

A

Rs. 5,000 and Rs. 2,500

B

Rs. 10,000 and Rs. 2,500

Rs. 10,000 and Rs. 5,000

D

Rs. 15,000 and Rs. 7,500

Explanation

As per the given options the right answer is (c). But for general candidates the amount of security deposit is ' 20,000. In case of elections of state legislatures, the amount of security deposit is as given in option (a) above.

Q 21.

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Which one of the following statements is correct?

A

Only the Rajya Sabha and not the Lok Sabha can have nominated members

B

There is a constitutional provision for nominating two members belonging to the Anglo-Indian community to the Rajya Sabha

There is no constitutional bar for a nominated member to be appointed as a Union minister

D

A nominated member can vote both in the Presidential and Vice Presidential elections

Explanation

In Rajya Sabha, 12 members are nominated by the President from the persons who have special knowledge in art, science, literature and social service. In Lok Sabha, 2 members are nominated by the President from the Anglo-Indian community (Art 331). A nominated member can vote only in the Vice-Presidential elections.

Q 22.

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Under which one of the Ministries of the Government of India does the Food and Nutrition Board work?

A

Ministry of Agriculture

B

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

C

Ministry of Human Resource Development

Ministry of Women and Child Development

Explanation

Food and Nutrition Board works under Ministry of Women and Child Development. It is a technical support wing under Child Development Bureau of the Ministry.

Q 23.

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Who among the following was the chairman of the Union Constitution Committee of the Constituent Assembly?

A

B.R. Ambedkar

B

J. B. Kripalani

Jawaharalal Nehru

D

Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyar

Explanation

Chairman of different Committees of Constituent Assembly: Union Power Committee - Jawaharlal Nehru, Drafting Committee - B R Ambedkar, Flag Committee - J B Kriplani, Fundamental Rights and Minority Committee - Vallabh Bhai Patel, Provincial Constitution Committee - Vallabh Bhai Patel. Jawaharlal Nehru was the chairman of the Union Constitution Committee.

Q 24.

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In India, other than ensuring that public funds are used efficiently and for intended purpose, what is the importance of the office of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG)?
1. CAG exercises exchequer control on behalf of the Parliament when the President of India declares national emergency/financial emergency.
2. CAG reports on the execution of projects or programmes by the ministries are discussed by the Public Accounts Committee.
3. Information from CAG reports can be used by investigating agencies to frame charges against those who have violated the law while managing public finances.
4. While dealing with the audit and accounting of government companies, CAG has certain judicial powers for prosecuting those who violate the law.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1, 3 and 4 only

B

2 only

2 and 3 only

D

1, 2, 3 and 4

Explanation

Only 2nd and 3rd are correct statements.
(2) CAG reports on execution of projects or programmes by the ministries are discussed by the Public Accounts Committee.
(3) Information from CAG reports can be used by investigating agencies to press charges against those who have violated the law while managing public finance.

Q 25.

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The state which has the largest number of seats reserved for the Scheduled Tribes in the Lok Sabha is :

A

Bihar

B

Gujarat

C

Uttar Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh

Explanation

Madhya Pradesh is the state, where the largest number of seats are reserved for scheduled tribe in the Lok Sabha.