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UPSC

Explore popular questions from Hazards and Disaster Management for UPSC. This collection covers Hazards and Disaster Management previous year UPSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

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Geography

Indian Polity and Governance

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Ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change

Mental Ability and Management Ability

General Knowledge

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Hazards and Disaster Management

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Q 1. A place where an earthquake originates is called?

Focus

B

Fault line

C

Epicenter

D

S-Wave

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Q 2. As the magnitude of natural disasters decreases their frequency of occurrence ?

A

Increases

Decreases

C

Remains the same

D

Varies with time

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Q 3. The destructive powers of Tsunami result mainly from their ?

A

Incredible height

B

Unpredictability

C

Cold water

Momentum and long wavelength

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Q 4. Earthquakes occur when there is a sudden release of stored up energy in Earth’s

A

inner core

B

outer core

upper mantle

D

lower crust

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Q 5. Tremors that have occurred in Earth's crust are known as

Earthquakes

B

Volcanic eruptions

C

Bed eruptions

D

Volcano-Earth Quake

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Q 6. Instrument used to measure earthquake is known as

A

quake meter

B

quake graph

seismograph

D

typanicgraph

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Q 7. Another name for Earthquakes is

A

nektons

temblors

C

blusters

D

flickers

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Q 8. After earthquake has taken place, it is followed by

A

pro-shocks

B

pre-shock

aftershocks

D

mini-maximal shocks

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Q 9. During eruption, volcanic material is

A

blown to some meters

blown to many kilometers

C

blown to some inches

D

blown to some feet

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Q 10. Divergence of plates allows magma from mantle to reach surface as

A

ice

B

rocks

lava

D

stones

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Q 11. A reference to process by which materials such as magma and gases from inside Earth are forced onto Earth’s surface is

A

Eruption

B

Lava

Volcanism

D

Earthquake

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Q 12. Tropical cyclones are intense low pressure areas confined to the area lying between?

30 degree north and 30 degree south

B

50 degree north and 50 degree south

C

50 degree north and 30 degree south

D

50 degree south and 30 degree north

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Q 13. Which of these is/are flood prevention and mitigation strategy? (I) Construction flood prevention embracement’s (II) Depopulating flood plains (III) Afforestation (IV) Decongesting the river channels Select the following options below

A

I and II only

B

I, II and III

C

II, Ill and IV

I, II , III and IV

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Q 14. The instrument that measures the wind speed in a cyclone is?

Anemometer

B

Barometer

C

Thermometer

D

Ammeter

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Q 15. Which one of the following places is unlikely to be affected by a cyclone?

A

Chennai

B

Mangalore

Amritsar

D

Puri

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Q 16. Which watering method is NOT the best way to conserve water?

A

by hand, manual

overhead sprinklers

C

drip system

D

soaker hose

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Q 17. Droughts are formed by which of the following methods ?

A

lack of precipitation

B

Temperature variations

C

Atmospheric pressure

All of the above

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Q 18. Which of the following is the disaster management plan?

Constructing cyclone shelters

B

Providing loans

C

Proving schools for children

D

Providing medical facility

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Q 19. Which natural hazard has resulted in the greatest monetary losses in a single event from the period of life listed?

A

Earthquake

Hurricane

C

Fire

D

Flood

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Q 20. In an open ocean Tsunami can travel ............miles per hour with the periods up to .............minutes?

A

50; 20

B

50;60

C

485; 20

485;60

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Q 21. Which European city was almost entirely destroyed by combination of earthquake/ fire/ tsunami in 1755?

A

Lisbon

Rome

C

Barcelona

D

Athens

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Q 22. In 1908 asteroid exploded near the earth’s surface with a force of a 15 megaton nuclear weapon. Where did it strike?

A

New Mexico

B

Siberia

C

South pacific

Pakistan

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Q 23. Other than boundaries of crustal plates, earthquakes may occur within areas with

A

frequent civil activities

frequent explosive activities

C

frequent deforestation activities

D

frequent volcanic activities

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Q 24. In some eruptions, mudflows are forced over the

A

Earth’s mantle

B

Ocean bed

C

Earth’s surface

Earth’s core

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Q 25. Magma which is forced onto Earth’s surface is known as

A

Vent

B

Cone

Lava

D

Magma Chamber