On account of the disruption in education due to the corona pandemic, we're opening up our platform for teachers, free of cost. Know More →

UPSC > Hazards and Disaster Management

Explore popular questions from Hazards and Disaster Management for UPSC. This collection covers Hazards and Disaster Management previous year UPSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

Q 1.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

A place where an earthquake originates is called ?

Focus

B

Fault line

C

Epicenter

D

S- Wave

Q 2.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

As the magnitude of natural disasters decreases their frequency of occurrence ?

A

Increases

Decreases

C

Remains the same

D

Varies with time

Q 3.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

The destructive powers of Tsunami result mainly from their ?

A

Incredible height

B

Unpredictability

C

Cold water

Momentum and long wavelength

Q 4.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

Earthquakes occur when there is a sudden release of stored up energy in Earth’s

A

inner core

B

outer core

upper mantle

D

lower crust

Q 5.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

Tremors that have occurred in Earth's crust are known as

Earthquakes

B

Volcanic eruptions

C

Bed eruptions

D

Volcano-Earth Quake

Q 6.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

Instrument used to measure earthquake is known as

A

quake meter

B

quake graph

seismograph

D

typanicgraph

Q 7.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

Another name for Earthquakes is

A

nektons

temblors

C

blusters

D

flickers

Q 8.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

After earthquake has taken place, it is followed by

A

pro-shocks

B

pre-shock

aftershocks

D

mini-maximal shocks

Q 9.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

An example of composite volcanoes is

A

Mount Everest

B

Puy de Dome

C

Mauna Loa

Mount Merapi

Q 10.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

During eruption, volcanic material is

A

blown to some meters

blown to many kilometers

C

blown to some inches

D

blown to some feet

Q 11.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

Divergence of plates allows magma from mantle to reach surface as

A

ice

B

rocks

lava

D

stones

Q 12.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

A reference to process by which materials such as magma and gases from inside Earth are forced onto Earth’s surface is

A

Eruption

B

Lava

Volcanism

D

Earthquake

Q 13.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

When volcanoes ejects basic lava, eruption is mainly

A

loud

B

violent

quite

D

hard

Q 14.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

Tropical cyclones are intense low pressure areas confined to the area lying between?

30 degree north and 30 degree south

B

50 degree north and 50 degree south

C

50 degree north and 30 degree south

D

50 degree south and 30 degree north

Q 15.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

Which of these is/are flood prevention and mitigation strategy? (I) Construction flood prevention embracement’s (II) Depopulating flood plains (III) Afforestation (IV) Decongesting the river channels Select the following options below

A

I and II only

B

I, II and III

C

II, Ill and IV

I, II , III and IV

Q 16.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

The instrument that measures the wind speed in a cyclone is?

Anemometer

B

Barometer

C

Thermometer

D

Ammeter

Q 17.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

Which one of the following places is unlikely to be affected by a cyclone?

A

Chennai

B

Mangalore

Amritsar

D

Puri

Q 18.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

Which watering method is NOT the best way to conserve water?

A

by hand, manual

overhead sprinklers

C

drip system

D

soaker hose

Q 19.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

Droughts are formed by which of the following methods ?

A

lack of precipitation

B

Temperature variations

C

Atmospheric pressure

All of the above

Q 20.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

Which of the following is the disaster management plan?

Constructing cyclone shelters

B

Providing loans

C

Proving schools for children

D

Providing medical facility

Q 21.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

The term Tsunami is coined from

Chinese term

B

Japanese term

C

Hawaiian term

D

German Term

Q 22.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

National institute for Disaster management is located at?

A

Bangalore

New Delhi

C

Pune

D

Hyderabad

Q 23.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

Landslides occur because of?

A

Intensity of rainfall

Steep sloped

C

Deforestation leading to soil erosion

D

All of the above

Q 24.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

Out of the total 35 state/ union territories of India, how many are disaster prone?

A

22

B

24

C

25

23

Q 25.

Correct2

Incorrect-0.667

Bhopal Gas Disaster occurred with the release of which of the following gas.

A

Methyl-isocynate

B

Methyl -isocynide

Sulphur dioxide

D

Nitrous oxide