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Explore popular questions from Geography of India for UPSC. This collection covers Geography of India previous year UPSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

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Q 1. Coffee cultivation in Sri Lanks was abandoned because of the disease :

A

leaf blight

B

leaf spot

leaf rust

D

rut

Explanation

Coffee cultivation in Sri Lanka was abandoned because the leaf rust disease which affects the fruit and leaf of coffee. The causative fungus is {tex}Hemileia \, Vastarix{/tex}.

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Q 2. Which one of the following sets of conditions is necessary for a good crop of wheat?

Moderate temperature and moderate rainfall

B

High temperature and heavy rainfall

C

High temperature and moderate rainfall

D

Low temperature and low rainfall

Explanation

Wheat is a temperate region crop thus require moderate temperature and rainfall both. Temperature should not exceed above 20°C and rainfall should be between 50-100 cm alongwith a first free growing season.

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Q 3. Which of the following pairs of states and their important crops are correctly matched?
1. Kerala-Tapioca
2. Maharashtra-Cotton
3. West Bengal-Jute
4. Gujarat-Groundnut

A

1, 2 and 3

B

1, 2 and 4

C

1, 3 and 4

2, 3 and 4

Explanation

Pair 1 is not correct because, Tapioca is not an important crap of Kerala.

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Q 4. Which one of the following is cultivated by transplanting seedlings?

A

Maize

B

Sorghum

Onion

D

Soyabean

Explanation

Onion is cultivated by transplanting seedlings.

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Q 5. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

List-I(Crops)List-II (Geographical conditions)
A. Barley1. Hot and dry climate with poor soil
B. Rice2. Cool climate with poorer soil
C. Millets3. Warm and moist climate with high attitude
D. Tea4. Hot and moist climate with rich soil

Codes:

A - 2; B - 4; C - 1; D - 3

B

A - 3; B - 4; C - 1; D - 2

C

A - 2; B - 1; C - 4; D - 3

D

A - 3; B - 2; C - 4; D -1

Explanation

Barley requires cool climate with poor soil quality. Barley can be grown in high latitude even beyond the Arctic circle. Whereas rice needs hot and moist climate with rich soil.
Millets are grown in hot and dry climate with poor soil, whereas tea needs warm and moist climate with high altitude.

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Q 6. Assertion (A) : Chile continues to be an important producer of copper in the world.
Reason (R) : Chile is endowed with the world's largest deposit of porphyry copper.

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

B

Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation, of A

C

A is true but R is false

D

A is false but R is true

Explanation

Assertion and reason both are correct and reason is correct explanation of assertion.
Chile is the largest copper producer in the world. 35% of total global production is produced by Chile and the major deposit is poryphyry copper.

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Q 7. Dalbergia species is associated with which one of the following?

A

Cashewnut

B

Coffee

C

Tea

Rosewood

Explanation

Rosewood is associated with {tex}Dalbergia{/tex} species. {tex}Dalbergia{/tex} species are used as food plants and fragnant wood in aromatic oils.

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Q 8. Though coffee and tea both are cultivated on hill slopes, there is some difference between them regarding their cultivation. In this context, consider the following statements:
1. Coffee plant requires a hot and humid climate of tropical areas whereas tea can be cultivated in both tropical and subtropical areas.
2. Coffee is propagated by seeds but tea is propagated by stem cuttings only.
Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?

1 only

B

2 only

C

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation

Both tea and coffee can be propagated by seeds and stem cutting, so (2) is wrong.

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Q 9. An objective of the National Food Security Mission is to increase the production of certain crops through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a sustainable manner in the identified districts of the country. What are those crops?

A

Rice and wheat only

Rice, wheat and pulses only

C

Rice, wheat, pulses and oil seeds only

D

Rice, wheat, pulses, oil seeds and vegetables

Explanation

National Food Security Mission launched by government of India to increase the food production of rice, wheat and pulses and commercial gaps like sugarcance jute. The target is to increase the production of rice by 10 million tones, wheat by 8 million tones and pulses, by 2 million tones by the end of Eleventh Plan.

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Q 10. Due to their extensive rice cultivation, some regions may be contributing to global warming. To what possible reason/reasons is this is attributable?
1. The anaerobic conditions associated with rice cultivation cause the emission of methane.
2. When nitrogen based fertilizers are used, nitrous oxide is emitted from the cultivated soil.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 only

B

2 only

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 nor 2

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Q 11. Given below are the names of four energy crops. Which one of them can be cultivated for ethanol?

A

Jatropha

Maize

C

Pongamia

D

Sunflower

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Q 12. Salinization occurs when the irrigation water accumulated in the soil evaporates, leaving behind salts and minerals. What are the effects of salinization on the irrigated land ?

A

It greatly increases the crop production

It makes some soils impermeable

C

It raises the water table

D

It fills the air spaces in the soil with water

Explanation

Unless the salts and minerals are washed down into the groundwater, the sodium and other ions are absorbed by the colloidal clay particles. It leads to the deflocculating of the particles and the soil becomes structure less and impermeable to water.

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Q 13. Which of the following is the chief characteristic of ‘mixed farming'?

A

Cultivation of both cash crops and food crops

B

Cultivation of two or more crops in the same field

Rearing of animals and cultivation of crops together

D

None of the above

Explanation

Mixed farming refer to rearing of animals and cultivation of crops together.

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Q 14. Consider the following crops of India :
1. Cowpea
2. Green gram
3. Pigeon pea
Which of the above is/are used as pulse, fodder and green manure?

A

1 and 2 only

B

2 only

C

1 and 3 only

1, 2 and 3

Explanation

All are used as pulse, folder and green manure

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Q 15. Consider the following crops of India:
1. Groundnut
2. Sesamum
3. Pearl millet
Which of the above is/are predominantly rained crop/ crops?

A

1 and 2 only

B

2 and 3 only

C

3 only

1, 2 and 3

Explanation

All of them are predominantly rain fed crops

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Q 16. Contour bunding is a method of soil conservation used in

A

desert margins, liable to strong wind action

B

low flat plains, close to stream courses, liable to flooding

C

scrublands, liable to spread of weed growth

None of the above

Explanation

Contour Bunding is one of the simple method of soil and water conservation. This technique is used at places where the land is sloppy. Due to slope, soil and nutrients erode fast which makes agriculture on this land very uneconomical. To adopt this technique the agriculture fields contours are marked and then the bunds are taken along the contours.

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Q 17. Consider the following crops:
1. Cotton
2. Groundnut
3. Rice
4. Wheat
Which of these are Kharif crops?

A

1 and 4

B

2 and 3 only

1, 2 and 3

D

2, 3 and 4

Explanation

Rice is the main kharif crop and groundnut and cotton are also the kharif crops wheat is a raki.

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Q 18. With reference to Neem tree, consider the following statements :
1. Neem oil can be used as a pesticide to control the proliferation of some species of insects and mites.
2. Neem seeds are used in the manufacture of biofuels and hospital detergents.
3. Neem oil has applications in pharmaceutical industry.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 and 2 only

B

3 only

C

1 and 3 only

1, 2 and 3

Explanation

All 1,2 and 3 are true.

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Q 19. Consider the following pairs :
Region : Well-known for the production of
1. Kinnaur : Areca nut
2. Mewat : Mango
3. Coromandel : Soya bean
Which of the above pairs is/ are correctly matched?

A

1 and 2 only

B

3 only

C

1, 2 and 3

None

Explanation

Kinnaur (Himachal) is famous for apples. Areca nut mostly confined to Karnataka, Kerala and Assam. Mewat in haryana is not famous for mango. UP is famous for mango.
Similarly, coromandel coast is not famous for soya beans. Top two producers of soya are Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra which are outside coromandel coast.
Therefore, (d) is the correct option.

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Q 20. Consider the following techniques phenomena :
1. Budding and grafting in fruit plants
2. Cytoplasmic male sterility
3. Gene silencing
Which of the above is/are used to create transgenic crops?

A

1 only

B

2 and 3

C

1 and 3

None

Explanation

Transgenic crops include transfer of DNA between two unrelated species. All the above methods does not involve transfer DNA.

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Q 21. Monoculture of commercially viable trees is destroying the unique natural profile. Thoughtless exploitation of timber, deforesting vast tracts for palm cultivation, destruction of mangroves, illegal logging by tribals and poaching only compounds the problem. Fresh water pockets are fast drying up due to deforestation and destruction of mangroves. The place referred to this quotation is :

Sundarban

B

Kerala coast

C

Orissa coast

D

Andaman and Nicobar Island

Explanation

The quotation referred to Sundarban of West Bengal. Sundarban is famous for mangrove forest and tiger population. It is present at the delta region of Ganga. Sundarban is world's largest delta.

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Q 22. The palaeomagnetic results obtained from India indicate that in the past, the Indian land mass has moved :

northward

B

southward

C

eastward

D

westward

Explanation

The palaeomagnetic results indicates that, the Indian land mass has moved to the north breaking from Africa.

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Q 23. Of the four places marked 1, 2, 3 and 4 on the map, the one indicating a tidal port is:

A

1

B

2

C

3

4

Explanation

From the given figure
'1' indicates Calcutta port which is a tidal port, situated at river Hoogly.
'2' indicates Paradeep port of Orissa.
'3' indicates Kochi of Kerala
'4' indicates Kandla port of Gujarat is tidal port. Paradeep, Kochi and Kandla are natural ports on the sea coast.

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Q 24. The Indian subcontinent was originally a part of a huge mass called:

A

Jurassic land mass

B

Aryavarta

C

Indiana

Gondwana continent

Explanation

Geologists believes that the Indian peninsula was a part of the Gondwanaland (continent) which drifted northwards and India, Africa and other parts separated from each other.

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Q 25. Which one of the following mountain ranges is spread over only one state in India?

A

Aravalli

B

Satpura

Ajanta

D

Sahyadri

Explanation

Ajanta mountain range a short range, which spreads within Maharashtra.
- Aravali ranges covers Rajasthan, Haryana and Delhi
- Satpura ranges are found in Gujrat and Madhya Pradesh.
-Sahyadris ranges starts from Gujrat, Maharastra border and crossing Goa, Karnataka it reaches Kerala tip upto Cape Comrin.
-Ajanta is found in the Aurangabad district of Maharastra.