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Explore popular questions from General Knowledge for UPSC. This collection covers General Knowledge previous year UPSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

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Q 1. The Reserve Bank of India has been vested with the sole rights to issue bank notes in India by virtue of Section 22 of -

A

The Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881

B

The Banking Regulation Act, 1949

C

The Coinage Act, 2011

The Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934

Explanation

The Section 22 of Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 says that only RBI has the exclusive rights to issue currency notes in India.

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Q 2. SEBI Act was passed in—

A

1956

B

1962

1992

D

2013

Explanation

The Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992, was passed on 12 April, 1992. It is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for regulation and development of Securities market in India. It was amended in the year 1995, 1999 and 2002 to meet the requirements of changing needs of the securities market.

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Q 3. Consider the following statements:
1. National Payments Corporation of lndia (NPCI) helps in promoting the financial inclusion in the country.
2. NPCI has launched RuPay, a card payment scheme.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 only

B

2 only

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation

NPCI is a not-for-profit company formed by various banks, with primary objective of providing cost-effective payment solutions to the banks. NPCi’s solutions such as IMPS, BHIM, RuPay, AEPS etc. have indeed helped in financial inclusion. So first is correct. And second is correct- NPCi launched Rupay card in 2012, as 7th payment gateway in the world.

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Q 4. Match List-I with List-Il and select the correct answer from the code given below the lists:

List-I List-II
Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana 1. 1997
Swarnjayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana 2. 1989
Jawahar Rozgar Yojana 3. 1999
National Rural Health Mission 4. 2005

A

A : 1 B : 2 C : 3 D : 4

B

A : 2 B : 1 C : 3 D : 4

A : 3 B : 1 C : 2 D : 4

D

A : 4 B : 3 C : 2 D : 1

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Q 5. The company that has the tag line ‘Connecting India' is—

A

Airtel

BSNL

C

IDEA

D

Indian Telephone Industry

Explanation

Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (abbreviated BSNL) is an Indian state-owned telecommunications company headquartered in New Delhi

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Q 6. Television transmission is an example of which of the following?

Simplex Communication

B

Half-duplex Communication

C

Full-duplex Communication

D

None of the above

Explanation

Television transmission is an example of simplex communication.

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Q 7. Match List-I with List-II and sclcct the correct answer from the codes given below :

List-I List-II
(Folk Dance) (State)
A. Bidesia 1. Jharkhand
B. Lajri 2. Uttarakhand
C. Dangri 3. Himachal Pradesh
D. Tamasha 4. Mahrashtra

A : 1 B : 2 C : 3 D : 4

B

A : 1 B : 3 C : 4 D : 2

C

A : 3 B : 1 C : 2 D : 4

D

A : 3 B : 1 C : 4 D : 2

Explanation

The correctly matched pairs are :
Bidesia — Jharkhand
Lajri — Uttarakhand
Dangri — Himachal Pradesh
Tamasha — Mahrashtra
These are names of folk stage performances in their respective states.

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Q 8. Weibo is a social media platform popularly used in

A

South Korea

China

C

Thailand

D

Japan

Explanation

Weibo is a social media platform which is used in China. It is a microblogging website.

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Q 9. 'The Hitavada' is the largest selling broadsheet English daily newspaper of Central India. It was founded in 1911 by Social Reformer—

A

Baba Amte

B

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

Gopal Krishna Gokhale

D

Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Explanation

The Hitavada’ is the largest selling broadsheet English daily newspaper of central India. It was founded by social reformer Gopal Krishna Gokhle.

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Q 10. Consider the following statements :
1. Darjeeling Himalayan Railway started in 1881 is the oldest.
2. Kalka Shimla Railway covers the longest distance among the three trains.
3. Nilgiri mountain covers the shortest distance.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 only

B

1 and 2 only

C

2 and 3 only

1, 2 and 3

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Q 11. Headquarters of which one among the following Railway Zones in India is situated at the highest elevation from the mean sea level?

A

East Central Railway

B

South Eastern Railway

South western Railway

D

West Central Railway

Explanation

The South Western Railway Zone Headquarter which is situated in Hubli city in Karnataka has the highest elevation (approximately 2056 feet) from the mean sea level.

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Q 12. Consider the following statements about Drishti system:
1. It is a sophisticated instrument to assess the runway visual range.
2. This system is developed by Airports Authority of India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

1 only

B

2 only

C

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation

Drishti is an indigenously developed runway visibility measuring instrument, it will help pilots during landing and takeoff. The system is developed jointly by the National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL) Bengaluru and Indian Meteorological Department. IMD is responsible for providing navigation services at the airports.

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Q 13. Jawahar tunnel on Jammu-Srinagar highway passes through

Pir Panjal range

B

Karakoram range

C

Zaskar range

D

Dhauladhar range

Explanation

Jammu-Srinagar Highway passes through Banihel pass in Pir Panjal range.

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Q 14. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched? Railway Zone Headquarters

A

North Eastern Railway — Gorakhpur

South Eastern Railway — Bhubaneshwar

C

Eastern Railway — Kolkata

D

South East Central Railway — Bilaspur

Explanation

The headquarter of South-East Railway is in Kolkata.

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Q 15. The ‘Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport' is situated in the Indian City of—

A

Indore, Madhya Pradesh

B

Raipur, Chattisgarh

C

Vadodara, Gujarat

D

Ranchi, Jharkhand

Nagpur, Maharashtra

Explanation

‘Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar International Airport' is situated in the Indian city of Nagpur, Maharashtra.

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Q 16. First CNG based train of India started on 13 January, 2015 run between—

Rewari to Rohtak

B

Delhi to Mumbai

C

Rohtak to Nizamuddin

D

Howrah to Delhi

Explanation

The first CNG based train of India which started on 13th January 2015 runs between Rewari to Rohtak.

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Q 17. ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) is a regional cooperative organization in the Southeast Asia. The aims and purposes of ASEAN are:
1. To accelerate the economic growth, social progress and cultural development in the region through joint endeavours in the spirit of equality and partnership in order to strengthen the foundation for a prosperous and peaceful community of Southeast Asian Nations.
2. To promote regional peace and stability through abiding respect for justice and the rule of law in the relationship among countries of the region and adherence to the principles of the United Nations Charter.
3. To promote active collaboration and mutual assistance on matters of common interest in the economic, social, cultural, technical, scientific and administrative fields.
Select the answer from the codes given below:

A

1 and 2

B

2 and 3

C

1 and 3

1, 2, and 3

Explanation

ASEAN also aims to provide assistance to each other in the form of training and research facilities in the educational, professional, technical and administrative spheres; and to collaborate more effectively for the greater utilisation of their agriculture and industries, the expansion of their trade, including the study of the problems of international commodity trade, the improvement of their transportation and communication facilities and the raising of the living standards of their peoples.

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Q 18. Consider the following statements:
1. UNICEF became a permanent part of the United Nations system on 11 December 1946.
2. UNICEF is the driving force that helps build a world where the rights of every child are realized.
3. UNICEF was created with this purpose in mind -to work with others to overcome the obstacles that poverty, violence, disease and discrimination place in a child's path.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A

1 and 2

2 and 3

C

1 and 3

D

1, 2 and 3

Explanation

UNICEF was established on 11 December 1946. It became a permanent part of the United Nations system in 1953.

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Q 19. As a member of the World Bank Group, International Finance Corporation (IFC) has overarching goal(s):
1. End extreme poverty by 2030
2. Boost shared prosperity in every developing country Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A

1 only

B

2 only

1 and 2 both

D

None

Explanation

For more than half a century, IFC has innovated to strengthen private sector development wherever it's needed most. As the world's largest global development institution focused on the private sector, IFC plays a significant role in influencing the course of private sector development.

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Q 20. Which of the following statements are correct with regard to the South Asian Free Trade Area (SAFTA)?
1. The SAFTA agreement was signed on 6 January 2005 during Twelfth SAARC Summit held in Bangladesh.
2. SAFTA was envisaged primarily as the first step towards the transition to a South Asian Free Trade Area (SAFTA) leading subsequently towards a Customs Union, Common Market and Economic Union.
Select the answer from the codes given below:

A

1 only

2 only

C

1 and 2 both

D

None

Explanation

SAFTA agreement signed on 6th January 2004 at the 12th SAARC Summit in Islamabad, Pakistan. SAFTA agreement entered into force on 1 January 2006, and the Trade Liberalization Programme commenced from 1st July 2006.

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Q 21. The European Union (EU) provides funding and grants for a broad range of projects and programmes covering areas, such as:
1. education
2. health
3. consumer protection
4. environmental protection
Which of the above statements are correct?

A

1, 2, and 3

B

2, 3, and 4

C

1, 3, and 4

1, 2, 3 and 4

Explanation

EU funding is complex, since there are many different types of programmes managed by different bodies. Funding is managed according to strict rules to ensure that there is tight control over how funds are used and that funds are spent in a transparent, accountable manner.

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Q 22. Consider the following statements regarding Edward Snowden?
1. He was a former National Security Agency subcontractor.
2. He leaked top secret information about NSA surveillance activities.
3. Snowden stored US government programmes involving the NSA spying on American citizens via phone calls and internet use.
Select the answer from the codes given below:

A

1 and 2

B

2 and 3

C

1 and 3

1, 2, and 3

Explanation

Snowden began copying top-secret NSA documents while at work, building a dossier on practises that he found invasive and disturbing. The documents contained vast and damning information on the NSA's domestic surveillance practises, including spying on millions of American citizens under the umbrella of programmes, such as PRISM.

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Q 23. Consider the following statements:
1. PRISM is a tool used by the US National Security Agency (NSA) to collect private electronic data belonging to users of major internet services, like Gmail, Facebook, and others.
2. The Protect America Act of 2007 led to the creation of a secret NSA programme called US-984XN — also known as PRISM.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A

1 only

B

2 only

1 and 2 both

D

None

Explanation

The Protect America Act allows the attorney general and the director of national intelligence to explain in a classified document how the US will collect intelligence on foreigners overseas each year, but does not require specific targets or places to be named.

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Q 24. ‘Pivot to Asia' is the strategy of the foreign policy of :

A

India

B

Japan

C

China

U.S.A.

Explanation

‘Pivot to Asia' is the Obama administration's regional strategy which represents a significant shift in American foreign policy from a Middle Eastern/ European focus to an East/South Asian one.

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Q 25. A United Nations report released in August 2013 confirmed chemical weapons attack in Syria. Which of the following chemicals claimed to have been used?

A

a-Chlorotoluene

B

Benzyl bromide

Sarin gas

D

Bromoacetone (BA)

Explanation

Chemical weapons have been used in the conflict between the parties in the Syrian Arab Republic, also against civilians, including children, on a relatively large scale, inspectors concluded in a 38-page report, which included analysis of chemical, environmental and medical samples.