On account of the disruption in education due to the corona pandemic, we're are providing a 7-day Free trial of our platform to teachers. Know More →

UPSC

Explore popular questions from Electoral System for UPSC. This collection covers Electoral System previous year UPSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

Select Subject

History

Geography

Indian Polity and Governance

Economic and Social Development

General Science

Ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change

Mental Ability and Management Ability

General Knowledge

Current Affairs

Electoral System

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 1. Which of the following is not a constitutional authority?

A

State Election Commission

B

State Finance Commission

C

Zila Panchayat

State Electoral Officer

Explanation

State Electoral officer is not a constitutional authority.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 2. Which one among the following commissions was set up in pursuance of a definite provision under an Article of the Constitution of India?

A

University Grants Commission

B

National Human Rights Commission

Election Commission

D

Central Vigilance Commission

Explanation

University Grants commission, N.H.R.C. and C.V.C are nonconstitutional bodies, whereas election commission is a constitutional body under Article 324.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 3. Who among the following determines the authority who shall readjust the allocation of seats in the Lok Sabha to the states and division of each State into territorial constituencies?

A

The President of India

The Parliament of lndia

C

The Chief Election Commissioner of India

D

The Lok Sabha alone

Explanation

According to article 82 of Indian Constitution, the parliament of India shall readjust the allocation of seats in the Lok Sabha to the states and division of each state into territorial constituencies.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 4. The Chief Election Commissioner of India holds office for a period of

A

six years

B

during the pleasure of the President

for 6 years or till the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier

D

for 5 years or till the age of 60 years, whichever is earlier

Explanation

The Chief Election Commissioner holds office for a term of six years or until they attain the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 5. Delimitation of constituencies and determination of constituencies reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes are done by

A

Election Commission

Delimitation Commission

C

Planning Commission

D

Election Commission with the assistance of Delimitation Commission

Explanation

elimitation commission of India is a Commission established by Government of India under the provisions of the Delimitation Commission Act. In India, such Delimitation Commissions have been constituted 4 times - in 1952 under the Delimitation Commission Act, 1952, in 1963 under Delimitation Commission Act, 1962, in 1973 under Delimitation Act, 1972 and in 2002 under Delimitation Act, 2002. The main task of the commission is to redraw the boundaries of the various assembly and Lok Sabha constituencies based on a recent census. The representation from each state is not changed during this exercise. However, the number of SC and ST seats in a state is changed in accordance with the census.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 6. The power to decide the date of an election to a State Legislative Assembly rests with the

A

President of lndia

B

Chief Minister and his/her Cabinet

Election Commission of lndia

D

Parliament

Explanation

The power to decide the date of an election a state legislative assembly rests with the election commission of India.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 7. The Election Commissioner can be removed by the

A

Chief Election Commissioner

B

Prime Minister

President on the recommendation of the chief Election Commissioner

D

Chief Justice of India

Explanation

Election Commissioner/s can be removed by the President of India on the recommendation of the Chief Election Commissioner

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 8. Consider the following statements:
1. The Election Commission of India is a five-member body.
2. Union Ministry of Home Affairs decides the election schedule for the conduct of both general elections and by-elections.
3. Election Commission resolves the disputes relating to splits/mergers of recognized political parties.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 and 2 only

B

2 only

C

2 and 3 only

3 only

Explanation

Election Commission has three election Commissioners. So first statement is wrong.
Election Commission decides the election schedule for the conduct of both general elections and bye-elections. So second statement is wrong. It also decides the disputes relating to splits/mergers of recognized political parties. So third statement is right. Hence answer “D” only 3.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 9. Constitutionally the registration and recognition of political parties is the function performed by

A

The State Election Commission of respective States

B

The Law Ministry of Government of India

The Election Commission of India

D

Election Department of the Slate Governments

Explanation

Constitutionally the registration and recognition of political parties is the function performed by Election Commission of India.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 10. In a democracy, the will of the people is supreme. Which of the following statement concerning democracy in India best reflects this?

A

The President appoints the Prime Minister who is the leader of the political party possessing a majority in the Lok Sabha.

An assembly of elected representatives excercises political authority on behalf of the people.

C

In case of a difference between the two Houses of Parliament, the final decision is taken in a joint session of the two Houses.

D

The permanent executive has more powers than the political executive.

Explanation

In all democracies an assembly of elected representatives exercises political authority on behalf of the people. Parliament has the authority to make new laws for the country and abolish existing laws. Parliament control all the money related issues of government. All the bills have to be presented to Lok Sabha before they become laws. Since Lok Sabha consists of elected representative of the people, it exercises authority over the government.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.67

Q 11. Who among the following are mentioned in the Constitution of India, as the part of the Electoral College to elect the members of the Legislative Council of a State?
1. Members of local bodies in the state
2. Members of chambers of commerce in the slate.
3. Graduates of three years and residing within the state
4. All the teachers of three years in the state.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

A

1 and 2 only

1 and 3 only

C

1, 3 and 4 only

D

1, 2, 3 and 4

Explanation

Of the total number of members of the Legislative council consists of—Member of local bodies in the state. Graduates of three years and residing within the state.

Nearly 1/12th of its memebers shall be elected by the persons who have been for at least three years engaged in teaching in such educational institutions within the State, not lower in standard than that of a secondary school.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.67

Q 12. Right to vote is a

A

Social right

B

Personal right

C

Political right

Legal right

Explanation

Right to vote is a legal right.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.67

Q 13. Which one of the following statements about Electoral Government in India is not correct?

A

The superintendence, direction and control of elections are vested in the Election Commission of India.

B

There is one general electoral roll for every territorial constituency.

C

The Parliament has the power to make laws relating to the delimitation of constituencies.

The Supreme Court of India has the authority to scrutinize the validity of a law relating to delimitation of constituencies.

Explanation

Under Article 82 of the constitution, after every census, the delimitation commission demareates the boundary of parliamentary constituency on the basis of Delimitation Act.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.67

Q 14. The electronic voting machines are developed jointly with
1. Bharat Heavy Electricals Limitcd
2. Bharat Electronics Limitcd
3. Electronics Corporation of India Limited
4. Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limitcd
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

A

1, 2 and 3

2 and 3 only

C

2 and 4

D

3 and 4

Explanation

Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) and Electronics Corporation of India Limited both jointly developed EVM (Electronic voting Machine). It was implemented partly in 1999 election and totally in 2004 election.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.67

Q 15. The core of political democracy lies in the basic axiom of electoral democracy which is based on

A

Right to education

B

Freedom of speech

C

Right to equality

Universal adult franchise

Explanation

The core of political democracy is based on Universal adult Franchise, pertaining to civil matters in India.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.67

Q 16. Which of the following condition/conditions must be fulfilled by the NRIs to be eligible to vote in elections in India?
1. They must be physically present in their place of origin to exercise their franchise.
2. NRIs whether they have acquired citizenship of other countries or not are eligible to vote.
3. Eligible NRIs have to register by filling up form 6-A with electoral registration office.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

1, 2 and 3

B

1 and 3

C

Only 2

D

Only 3

Explanation

All statements are correct.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.67

Q 17. Which one among the following is not an attribute of sustainability of Indian democratic model?

A

Unity in diversity in socio-cultural patterns

Sustained economic growth specially after the 1990s

C

Regular elections in the centre and states since !950s

D

A strong industrial base with a vibrant federal structure

Explanation

Sustained economic growth specially after the 1990s, is not an attribute of sustainability of Indian democratic model.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.67

Q 18. Which among the following is not a part of the electoral reforms?

Installation of electronic voting machines

B

Appointment of election Commissioner

C

Registration of Political parties

D

Disqualifying the offenders

Explanation

Electoral reforms is change in electoral systems to improve how public desires are expressed in election results. Installation of electronic voting machines is not the parts of such reforms.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.67

Q 19. For election to the Lok Sabha, a nomination paper can be filed by

A

anyone residing in India.

B

a resident of the constituency from which the election is to be contested.

any citizen of India whose name appears in the electoral roll of a constituency.

D

any citizen of India.

Explanation

Let’s go by elimination.
• To contest any election, person has to be CITIZEN of India. I bis eliminates A and B.
• Any citizen of India, then could be a minor (below 18 years also) then he can't contests election. So, “D” also wrong. I fence we are left with answer “C”.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.67

Q 20. Consider the following statements:
1. In the election for Lok Sabha or State Assembly, the winning candidate must get at least 50 per cent of the votes polled, to be declared elected.
2. According to the provisions laid down in the Constitution of India, in Lok Sabha, the Speaker’s post goes to the majority party and the Deputy Speaker’s to the Opposition.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 only

B

2 only

C

Both 1 and 2

Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation


India has first past the post system wherein a candidate who wins the election may not (need to) get majority (50%+l) votes. Statement #1 is wrong.

Upto the 10th Lok Sabha. both the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker were usually from the ruling party. Since the 11th Lok Sabha, there has been a consensus that the Speaker comes from the ruling party (or ruling alliance) and the post of Deputy Speaker goes to the main opposition party.Meaning it’s an ’informal consensus’ among political parties, and not Constitutional provision. Hence #2 also wrong.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.67

Q 21. Right to vote and to be elected in India is a

A

Fundamental Right

B

Natural Right

Constitutional Right

D

Legal Right

Explanation


Right to vote in elections is an important constitutional right.

one of the important decisions of the framers of India Constitution was to guarantee every adult citizen in India, the right to vote. [Article 326]

Combining the interpretation “C” is the answer.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.67

Q 22. With reference to the election of the President of lndia, consider the following statements:
1. The value of the vote of each MLA varies from State to State.
2. The value of the vote of MPs of the Lok Sabha is more than the value of the vote of MPs of the Rajya Sabha

Which of the statements given above is/are Correct?

A

1 only

B

2 only

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 or 2

Explanation

Both 1 and 2
• Statement 1- Correct. Value of 1 MLA’s vote is based on total population of state to be divided by the total MLAs. Hence it ought to vary from state to state.
• While the value of an MLA’s vote depends on the population of the state he or she belongs to, the value of an

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.67

Q 23. The mobile app ‘Cvigil' is helpful in

A

conducting free and fair e-tendering process in government offices

B

fighting against corruption in public services

C

removing garbage from the municipal areas

reporting violation of model code of conduct in election-bound States

Explanation

The Election Commission launched a mobile app. called ‘Cvigil, ’ on July 3, 2018, for citizens to report any violation of the model code of conduct during elections.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 24. Consider the following statements:
1. The civil services of India refer to the civil service and the permanent bureaucracy of the Government of India.
2. The civil service system is the backbone of the administrative machinery of the country.
3. In the parliamentary democracy of India, the ultimate responsibility for running the administration rests with the elected representatives of the people which are the ministers.
4. The executive decisions are implemented by the Indian civil servants.
5. The members of civil service serve at the pleasure of the President of India and Article 311 of the constitution protects them from politically motivated or vindictive action.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

A

1, 2, 3 and 4

B

2, 3, 4 and 5

C

1, 2, 3 and 4

1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Explanation

Civil servants are employees of the Government of India; however, not all employees of the Government are civil servants. As of 2010, there are total 6.4 million civil servants in India. Civil servants in a personal capacity are paid from the Civil List. Senior civil servants may be called to account by Parliament. The system of cadre based civil services was virtually introduced by the British East India Company when they began to rule India.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 25. Consider the following statements:
1. Both the union government and the states have been provided with independent sources of revenue by the Constitution.
2. Parliament can levy taxes on the subjects included in the Union list.
3. The states can levy taxes on the subjects in the state list. Ordinarily, there are no taxes on the subjects in the Concurrent list.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below: Political System

A

1 and 2 only

B

2 and 3 only

1, 2 and 3

D

1 and 3 only

Explanation

In the financial sphere also, the states are greatly dependent on the centre for finances. The centre can exercise control over state finances through the Comptroller and Auditor General of India and grants. But during financial emergency, the President has the power to suspend the provision regarding division of taxes between the centre and the states.