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UPSC > Electoral System

Explore popular questions from Electoral System for UPSC. This collection covers Electoral System previous year UPSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

Q 1.

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Which of the following is not a constitutional authority?

A

State Election Commission

B

State Finance Commission

C

Zila Panchayat

State Electoral Officer

Explanation

State Electoral officer is not a constitutional authority.

Q 2.

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Which one among the following commissions was set up in pursuance of a definite provision under an Article of the Constitution of India?

A

University Grants Commission

B

National Human Rights Commission

Election Commission

D

Central Vigilance Commission

Explanation

University Grants commission, N.H.R.C. and C.V.C are nonconstitutional bodies, whereas election commission is a constitutional body under Article 324.

Q 3.

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What is the tenure of the Chief Election Commissioner of India?

A

Five years

B

During the 'pleasure' of the President

Six years or till the age of 65 years whichever is earlier

D

Five years or till the age of 65 years whichever is earlier

Explanation

The tenure of the Chief Election Commissioner of India is six years or till the age of 65 year whichever is earlier.

Q 4.

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Consider the following statements regarding state election commission
1. The state election commission is appointed by the Governors of the respective states.
2. State election commission conducts election to the panchayats only
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

1 only

B

2 only

C

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation

The state Election Commission is the constitutional body responsible for conducting and supervising elections to the local bodies in the state.

Q 5.

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Consider the following functions of State Election Commission and select correct answer by using code given below
1. Prepares the electoral rolls for Panchayats and Municipalities elections in the State.
2. Conducts elections for Panchayat and Municipalities of the State.
3. Conducts elections to various bodies except Panchayats and Municipalities as directed by the Governor.
4. Prepares the electoral rolls and conducts elections as assigned by Election Commission of India.

1 and 2

B

3 and 4

C

1, 2 and 4

D

Only 4

Q 6.

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Who among the following determines the authority who shall readjust the allocation of seats in the Lok Sabha to the states and division of each State into territorial constituencies?

A

The President of India

The Parliament of lndia

C

The Chief Election Commissioner of India

D

The Lok Sabha alone

Explanation

According to article 82 of Indian Constitution, the parliament of India shall readjust the allocation of seats in the Lok Sabha to the states and division of each state into territorial constituencies.

Q 7.

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The Chief Election Commissioner of India holds office for a period of

A

six years

B

during the pleasure of the President

for 6 years or till the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier

D

for 5 years or till the age of 60 years, whichever is earlier

Explanation

The Chief Election Commissioner holds office for a term of six years or until they attain the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.

Q 8.

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Delimitation of constituencies and determination of constituencies reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes are done by

A

Election Commission

Delimitation Commission

C

Planning Commission

D

Election Commission with the assistance of Delimitation Commission

Explanation

elimitation commission of India is a Commission established by Government of India under the provisions of the Delimitation Commission Act. In India, such Delimitation Commissions have been constituted 4 times - in 1952 under the Delimitation Commission Act, 1952, in 1963 under Delimitation Commission Act, 1962, in 1973 under Delimitation Act, 1972 and in 2002 under Delimitation Act, 2002. The main task of the commission is to redraw the boundaries of the various assembly and Lok Sabha constituencies based on a recent census. The representation from each state is not changed during this exercise. However, the number of SC and ST seats in a state is changed in accordance with the census.

Q 9.

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Consider the following statements about State Election Commission?
1. The State Election Commissioner shall be appointed by the Governor of the State.
2. The State Election Commission shall have the power of even preparing the electoral rolls besides the power of superintendence, direction and control of election to the panchayats.
3. The State Election Commissioner cannot be removed in any manner from his office until he demits himself or completes his tenure.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A

1, 2 and 3

1 and 2 only

C

2 and 3 only

D

1 only

Explanation

Three Election Commissioners in the each State shall be appointed by the Governor of the respective State from a penal of five names for each office forwarded by the Election Commission of Bharatto the provision of the Constitution (Seventy-third Amendment) Act, 1992 and the Constitution (Seventy-fourth Amendment) Act, 1992, whereunder the constitution of State Election Commissions and appointment of State Election Commissioners are contemplated to superintend, direct and control the preparation of the electoral rolls for. and the conduct of elections to Panchayats and Municipalities. Election Commissioner of a State can be removed by the Full Bench of State Judicial Commission on the basis of enquiry and investigation made by a judicial committee constituted for the purpose, consisting of two Chief Justices and one Judge from different High Courts.

Q 10.

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The power to decide the date of an election to a State Legislative Assembly rests with the

A

President of lndia

B

Chief Minister and his/her Cabinet

Election Commission of lndia

D

Parliament

Explanation

The power to decide the date of an election a state legislative assembly rests with the election commission of India.

Q 11.

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The Election Commissioner can be removed by the

A

Chief Election Commissioner

B

Prime Minister

President on the recommendation of the chief Election Commissioner

D

Chief Justice of India

Explanation

Election Commissioner/s can be removed by the President of India on the recommendation of the Chief Election Commissioner

Q 12.

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Who recognises the political parties in India?

A

President of lndia

Election Commission of India

C

Ministry of Law and Justice

D

Speaker of the Lok Sabha

Explanation

Election Commission of India recognises the political parties in the India.

Q 13.

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Consider the following statements:
1. The Election Commission of India is a five-member body.
2. Union Ministry of Home Affairs decides the election schedule for the conduct of both general elections and by-elections.
3. Election Commission resolves the disputes relating to splits/mergers of recognized political parties.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 and 2 only

B

2 only

C

2 and 3 only

3 only

Explanation

Election Commission has three election Commissioners. So first statement is wrong.
Election Commission decides the election schedule for the conduct of both general elections and bye-elections. So second statement is wrong. It also decides the disputes relating to splits/mergers of recognized political parties. So third statement is right. Hence answer “D” only 3.

Q 14.

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Constitutionally the registration and recognition of political parties is the function performed by

A

The State Election Commission of respective States

B

The Law Ministry of Government of India

The Election Commission of India

D

Election Department of the Slate Governments

Explanation

Constitutionally the registration and recognition of political parties is the function performed by Election Commission of India.

Q 15.

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In a democracy, the will of the people is supreme. Which of the following statement concerning democracy in India best reflects this?

A

The President appoints the Prime Minister who is the leader of the political party possessing a majority in the Lok Sabha.

An assembly of elected representatives excercises political authority on behalf of the people.

C

In case of a difference between the two Houses of Parliament, the final decision is taken in a joint session of the two Houses.

D

The permanent executive has more powers than the political executive.

Explanation

In all democracies an assembly of elected representatives exercises political authority on behalf of the people. Parliament has the authority to make new laws for the country and abolish existing laws. Parliament control all the money related issues of government. All the bills have to be presented to Lok Sabha before they become laws. Since Lok Sabha consists of elected representative of the people, it exercises authority over the government.

Q 16.

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Who among the following are mentioned in the Constitution of India, as the part of the Electoral College to elect the members of the Legislative Council of a State?
1. Members of local bodies in the state
2. Members of chambers of commerce in the slate.
3. Graduates of three years and residing within the state
4. All the teachers of three years in the state.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

A

1 and 2 only

1 and 3 only

C

1, 3 and 4 only

D

1, 2, 3 and 4

Explanation

Of the total number of members of the Legislative council consists of—Member of local bodies in the state. Graduates of three years and residing within the state.

Nearly 1/12th of its memebers shall be elected by the persons who have been for at least three years engaged in teaching in such educational institutions within the State, not lower in standard than that of a secondary school.

Q 17.

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Voting right by the youth at the age of 18 years was exercised for the first time in the general election of

A

1987

B

1988

1989

D

1990

Explanation

61th amendment. 1989 on amending article 326 reduced age for voting rights from 21 to 18.

Q 18.

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The system of proportion of Representation as an electoral mechanism ensures

Representation of minorities

B

Rule of majority

C

Stability in government

D

Common political thinking

Q 19.

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Right to vote is a

A

Social right

B

Personal right

C

Political right

Legal right

Explanation

Right to vote is a legal right.

Q 20.

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If in an election to a state Legislative Assembly, the candidate who is declared elected loses his deposit, it means that?

A

The polling was very poor.

B

The election was for a multi-member constituency.

C

The elected candidate’s victory over his nearest rival was very marginal.

A very huge number of candidates contested the election.

Explanation

A candidate loses his deposit only when he is polled less than 1 /6th of votes. It can only be possible when a very large number of candidates contested the elections.

Q 21.

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Proportional representation is NOT necessary in a country where?

A

There are no reserved constituencies.

A two-party system has developed

C

The first past-post system prevails

D

There is a fusion of presidential and parliamentary form of government.

Explanation

In proportional representation, a candidate requires 50% + I vote to get elected. In a bi-party system, one automatically secures it. Proportional representation (PR) is a concept in voting systems used to elect an assembly or council. PR means that the number of seats won by a party or group of candidates is proportionate to the number of votes received.

Q 22.

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A college student desires to get elected to the municipal council of his city. The validity of his nomination would depend on the important condition, among others, that?

A

He obtains permission from the principal of his college.

B

He is a member of a political party.

His name figures in the voter’s list.

D

He files a declaration owing allegiance to the constitution of lndia.

Explanation

The validity of nomination of a person to get elected to the municipal council would depend on the condition that his name should be figured in the voter’s list.

Q 23.

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Which one of the following statements about Electoral Government in India is not correct?

A

The superintendence, direction and control of elections are vested in the Election Commission of India.

B

There is one general electoral roll for every territorial constituency.

C

The Parliament has the power to make laws relating to the delimitation of constituencies.

The Supreme Court of India has the authority to scrutinize the validity of a law relating to delimitation of constituencies.

Explanation

Under Article 82 of the constitution, after every census, the delimitation commission demareates the boundary of parliamentary constituency on the basis of Delimitation Act.

Q 24.

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The electronic voting machines are developed jointly with
1. Bharat Heavy Electricals Limitcd
2. Bharat Electronics Limitcd
3. Electronics Corporation of India Limited
4. Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limitcd
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

A

1, 2 and 3

2 and 3 only

C

2 and 4

D

3 and 4

Explanation

Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) and Electronics Corporation of India Limited both jointly developed EVM (Electronic voting Machine). It was implemented partly in 1999 election and totally in 2004 election.

Q 25.

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Under which of the following conditions security deposits of a candidate contesting for a Lok Sabha seat is returned to him/her?
1. The nomination made by the candidate if found to be invalid.
2. The candidate has withdrawn his/her nomination even though it is found valid.
3. The candidate lost the polls but secured l/6th of the total number of valid votes polled in that election.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below

A

1 and 2

Only 3

C

2 and 3

D

All of these

Explanation

The deposit made by a candidate shall be returned if the following conditions are satisfied:
-
(i) the candidate is not shown in the list of contesting candidates, that is to say, either his nomination was rejected or after his nomination was accepted, he withdrew his candidature; or
(ii) he dies before the commencement of the poll; or
(iii) he is elected; or
(iv) he is not elected but gets more than 1 /6th of the total number of valid votes polled by all the candidates at the election.