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Explore popular questions from Current Affairs for UPSC. This collection covers Current Affairs previous year UPSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

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Q 1. Registration of Political parties in India is governed by
1. Representation of the People Act, 1951
2. Article 324 of the Constitution of India
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A

1 only

B

2 only

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation

Both Statement 1 and 2 are CORRECT: Registration of Political parties is governed by the provisions of Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951. A party seeking registration under the said Section with the Commission has to submit an application to the Commission within a period of 30 days following the date of its formation as per guidelines prescribed by the Election Commission of India in exercise of the powers conferred by Article 324 of the Commission of India and Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951.
Why in News? The commission has announced the elections for the Lok Sabha and Assemblies to Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Arunachal Pradesh on 10th March, 2019.
Source: https://pib.gov.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=189431

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Q 2. What is 'Zearalenone', sometimes seen in news?

A fungal toxin in cereals

B

A ginger species recently discovered in North East

C

Rare frog species in West Ghats

D

Pesticide used in tea plantations

Explanation

Zearalenone is a fungal toxin infesting cereals such as wheat, maize and barley. It attacks crops while they are growing but can also develop when cereals are stored without being dried fully.
The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India does not impose maximum limits for zearalenone, though the European Union (EU) does. Twenty-four of the U.P. samples exceeded the EU regulatory limits of 100-200 mcg/kg of cereals.
Zearalenone behaves like oestrogen, the female sex hormone, and could cause endocrine disturbances in humans
Fungal Toxins
Fungal toxins are commonly found in food, and can be a public health concern, India regulates the levels of some of these, including aflatoxin, deoxynivalenol, ergot and patulin. The first three infest cereals, while patulin is found in apples. Each of these toxins has been associated with disease outbreaks. For example, in 1974, a hepatitis outbreak in Rajasthan and Gujarat, which made 398 people sick and killed 106, was linked to aflatoxin in maize
Why in News? The study, by researchers from Lucknow's Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (IITR) detected zearalenone in wheat, rice, corn and oats from markets in Uttar Pradesh.
Source:https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/the-lowdown-on-zearalenone-in-cereals/article26100813.ece

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Q 3. Global Stocktake Process' was sometimes seen in the news recently, is associated with which of the following?

Paris Agreement

B

Kigali Agreement

C

Brazilia declaration

D

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

Explanation

‘Global stocktake' refers to a proposed five-yearly review of the impact of countries' climate change actions. Under the Paris Agreement, every country must present a climate action plan in five-yearly cycles. It is supposed to be similar to the plan countries submitted in the run-up to the talks that concluded last week.
Under the Paris Agreement, the first global stocktake will happen in 2023. It will assess whether the net result of the climate actions being taken was consistent with the goal of keeping the increase in global average temperature from pre-industrial times to within 2 degree Celsius. The stocktake will help the world determine whether it needs to do more — and how much more.
Source: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/what-is-global-stocktake/
https://unfccc.int/topics/science/workstreams/global-stocktake-referred-to-in-article- 14-of-the-paris-agreement

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Q 4. India's first 5G lab has been set-up at

Delhi

B

Bangalore

C

Chennai

D

Lucknow

Explanation

IIT-Delhi (IIT-D) has set up a radio lab with an array of antennas for "standardisation, research and manufacturing" of 5G equipment.
The 5G innovation lab is an open platform and aims to help the industry and the academia to leverage the 5G technology to develop new 5G-based apps and business models.
As per an Ericsson report, 5G-enabled digitisation revenue potential in India will hit $27.3 billion by 2026. The Indian operators can generate additional revenue of $13 billion if they take up roles beyond being connectivity and infrastructure providers to become service enablers and service creators
The largest opportunity will be seen, according to Ericsson, in sectors like manufacturing, energy and utilities followed by public safety and health sectors.
Some of the 5G use cases that could be implemented using the unique features of 5G technology include industrial control and automation, autonomous driving, safety and traffic efficiency services, hospital applications and medical data management, among others.
Why in News? Ericsson formally launched the country's first "Centre of Excellence (CoE) and Innovation Lab" for 5G at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi.
Source: https://digitalindia.gov.in/content/iit-delhi-installs-india%E2%80%99s-first-5g-lab-here%E2%80%99s-how-it-will-boost-digital-india
https://www.hindustantimes.com/tech/ericsson-launches-india-s-first-5g-innovation-lab-at-iit-delhi/story-qrWmGxVBmmhAnmIEVvk39M.html

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Q 5. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below the lists:

List-IList-I
A. Ernesto Zedillo1. Uruguay
B. Alberto Fujimori2. Brazil
C. Julio Maria Sanguinetti3. Mexico
D. Fermando H. Cardoso4. Bolivia
 5. Peru

Codes:

A-3; B-5; C-1; D-2

B

A-4; B-5; C-3; D-1

C

A-3; B-4; C-4; D-2

D

A-5; B-3; C-1; D-4

Explanation

Ernesto Zedillo was the President of Mexico from 14. 1994 to 2000. Alberto Fujimori was the President of Peru from 1990 to 2000. Julio María Sanguinetti is a Uruguayan politician, lawyer and journalist and former President of Uruguay from 1985-1990 and again, from 1995-2000. Fernando H Cardoso was the President of Brazil from 1995-2002.

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Q 6. Comet shoemaker-Levy 9 hit the planet:

A

Pluto

B

Mars

Jupiter

D

Saturn

Explanation

Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 was discovered by Keroshil Shoemaker and David Levy on 24th March 1994. This comet was roaming for 4 billion years and it came under the gravitational impact of Jupiter and in collided with it 1994.

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Q 7. The world's fastest computer has been able to perform (as of Dec. 1996) :

{tex} 10^6{/tex} operations per second

B

{tex} 10^9{/tex} operations per second

C

{tex} 10^{12}{/tex} operations per second

D

{tex} 10^{15}{/tex} operations per second

Explanation

As of 1996, the world's fastest computer has been able to perform {tex} 10^6{/tex} operations per second.

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Q 8. The film 'The Making of the Mahatama' has been directed by:

A

Peter Ustinov

B

Richard Attenborough

Shyam Benegal

D

Mira Nair

Explanation

Shyam Benegal is the director of the film "The making of Mahatma" starring Rajit Kapoor as Mahatma Gandhi.

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Q 9. A major health mission carried out in 1996 was:

A

war against leprosy

B

small-pox eradication

pulse polio immunization

D

popularisation of oral rehydration theraphy

Explanation

The pulse polio immunization was a major health mission carried out in 1996 to make India polio free. The programme is still being carried out.

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Q 10. Consider the following graphs:
The behaviour of a fictitious stock market index [comprising a weight average of the market prices of a selected list of companies including some multinational corporation (MNC's)] over a 15 day period is shown in the graph. The behaviour of the MNC's in the same period is also shown in the second graph. Which one of the following is a valid conclusion?

A

MNC's fell steeper in the period depicted

B

Share prices of every non-MNC company soared by over 5% on the 12th day

C

Government announced a policy disfavouring MNC's on the 11th day

Whatever be the reason favouring market revival on the 12th day, it appears to be relevant only to non-MNC companies

Explanation

The combined Index favoured market revival on the 12th day but it favoured only to MNC's on the 11th day.

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Q 11. Bishop Carlos Felipe Ximenes Belo and Jos Remos Horta who shared the 1996 Nobel Peace Prize are known for their work for the cause of:

East Timor

B

Gautemala

C

Bosnia

D

Burundi

Explanation

Bishop Carlos Felipe Ximenes Belo and Jos Remos Horta are known for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor. They wre jointly awarded 1996 Nobel Peace Prize.

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Q 12. In which one of the following countries are 75 percent of seats in both Houses of Parliament filled on the basis of first past-the post system and 25 percent on the basis of Proportional Representation system of elections?

Germany

B

Italy

C

France

D

Russia

Explanation

Due to unstability of the government in Italy, it has made its new system based on Bicamera proposal.

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Q 13. The economic and monetary union of 15 European countries is proposed to be made by 1999. But the currencies of two countries, franc, have already the same value and circulate freely in both the countries. The countries are:

A

France and Switzerland

B

Switzerland and Luxemburg

Luxemburg and Belgium

D

France and Belgium

Explanation

Luxemburg and Belgium are the two countries where 'Franc' is the currency having same value and is in free circulation.

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Q 14. The meeting of G-15 countries held in Malaysia in 1997 was attended by:

A

14 member countries

B

15 member countries

16 member countries

D

17 member countries

Explanation

The G-15 meet of 1997 was held 3-5th November 1997 at Qualalmpur in Malayasia. Kenya was admitted as its 16th member but the organisation name will remain G-15.

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Q 15. The theme of the World Development Report 2001is:

A

from plan to market

B

knowledge for development

attacking poverty

D

the state in the changing world

Explanation

Attacking Poverty, the World Bank's 2000/2001 World Development Report (WDR) was released in September, 2000. The WDR illustrates that poverty remains a global problem, with 1.2 billion people in the world living on less than $1 a day, and 2.8 billion living on less than $2 a day. To reduce poverty, the WDR promotes a three-part framework of promoting opportunity, facilitating empowerment and enhancing security for those who are poor.

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Q 16. Which one among the following countries has the lowest GDP per capita?

A

China

India

C

Indonesia

D

Sri Lanka

Explanation

According to 2010 data, GDP per capita: China -4283 USD; India - 1176 USD; Indonesia - 2963 USD; Sri Lanka - 2364 USD.

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Q 17. Consider the following names:
1. Archbishop Desmond Tutu
2. Leach Walesa
3. Shimon Peres
4. Yasser Arafat.
Who among these won the Nobel Peace Prize?

A

1 and 2

1, 3 and 4

C

2, 3 and 4

D

1, 2, 3 and 4

Explanation

The Nobel Peace Prize had been won by Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Shimon Peres and Yaser Arafat whereas Lach Welesa is a novelist.

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Q 18. Recently, several hundred South African soldiers were sent to Burundi:

A

to side with the Tutsi tribe in the country's civil war

B

to side with the Hutu tribe in the on going ethnic conflict

C

as a part of United Nations special force to keep control on the ethnic groups revolting against the government

as South Africa's protection force to help mediate an agreement between warring groups of civil war

Explanation

To stop the on going civil war in Burundi, South Africa sent its peace keeping force to mediate an agreement between warring groups of civil war.

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Q 19. The Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation Forum was held in the year 2001 in:

A

Bangkok

B

Hongkong

C

Jakarta

Shanghai

Explanation

The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum was held on 20-21 October 2001 at Sanghai in China.

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Q 20. In the year 2001, India offered a grant of five million dollars to Tajikistan to:

tackle the drought situation

B

set up a Software Technology Park

C

promote mineral exploration

D

procure defence equipment

Explanation

To tackle the drought situation in Tajikistan, India offered a grant of five million dollars.

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Q 21. A World Summit with representation from all the countries will be held in Johannesburg in September 2002 on the subject of:

A

AIDS control

B

global terrorism

C

human rights

sustainable development

Explanation

In September 2002 in Johannesburg "World Conference on Sustainable Development" was held in which nearly 200 countries participated.

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Q 22. Match List-I (Country) with List-II (President) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List-I (Country)List-II (President)
A. Congo1. Levy Mwanawasa
B. Nigeria2. Joseph Kabila
C. Uganda3. Olusegum Obasanjo
D. Zambia4. Yoweri Museveni

Codes:

A-2; B-3; C-4; D-1

B

A-2; B-3; C-1; D-4

C

A-3; B-2; C-1; D-4

D

A-3; B- 2; C-4; D-1

Explanation

The President of Congo is Joseph Kabila, President of Nigeria is Olusegum Obasanjo, President of Uganda is Yoweri Museveni and President of Zambia is Levy Mwanawasa.

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Q 23. In the year 2001, NASA launched a spacecraft to Mars named:

A

Mars Climate Orbiter

B

Mars Global Surveryer

Mars Odyssey

D

Mars Polar Lander

Explanation

In the year 2001, NASA launched a spacecraft named Mars Odyssey which costed Rs. 40 crore Dollars on 7th April.

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Q 24. The main reason for unrest and violence in Zimbabwe in recent years is due to:

A

conflict between different native ethnic groups

B

prolonged crisis over land reforms

economic crisis due to continuous drought and famine

D

power struggle between political groups of white European settlers and native black community

Explanation

Economic crisis due to continuous drought and famine.

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Q 25. The Basque people who are frequently in the news for their separatist activity live in :

A

France

B

Italy

C

Portugal

Spain

Explanation

The Basque people live in the north central Spain and frequently in news for their separist activity in Spain.