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UPSC

Explore popular questions from Climate Change for UPSC. This collection covers Climate Change previous year UPSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

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Geography

Indian Polity and Governance

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Ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change

Mental Ability and Management Ability

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Climate Change

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Q 1. Ministry for water resources, river development and Ganga rejuvenation has announced to celebrate the birth anniversary of Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar held on 14th April as which day?

A

Health Day

Water Day

C

Conservation Day

D

Food Day

Explanation

The World Health Day is a global health awareness day celebrated every year on 7 April. Energy conservation day is celebrated every year by the people all over the India on 14th of December. World Food Day is celebrated every year around the world on 16 October in honour of the date of the founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 1945.

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Q 2. Which country issued its first Green Bonds with a record sale of USD 7.5 billion in January, 2017?

A

Britain

France

C

Germany

D

Mauritius

Explanation

France on January 24, 2017 issued its first "Green Bonds” with a record sale of worth seven billion euro thus leading a significant way towards establishment of a genuine market in renewable energy bonds. The proceeds from the bonds will be used by France to finance Projects to address climate change.

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Q 3. The National Physical Laboratory (NPL)-CSIR has dedicated the first pristine air-quality monitoring station to the Nation at:

Palampur

B

Srinagar

C

Nanital

D

Shimla

Explanation

National Physical Laboratory (NPL) has established an atmospheric monitoring station on the campus of Institute of Himalayan Bio-resource Technology (IHBT) at Palampur (HP.) at an altitude of 1391m for generating the base date for atmospheric trace species & properties to serve as a reference for comparison of polluted atmosphere in India.

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Q 4. Considering climate change, increased global temperatures causes the

desertification

B

destruction of human settlements

C

destruction of infrastructure

D

endangering of species

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Q 5. Considering climate change, rise in water level in oceans and seas due to melted ice sheets and glaciers causes

A

desertification

destruction of human settlements

C

destruction of infrastructure

D

endangering of species

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Q 6. Human activities that causes climate change on Earth includes

A

burning of forests

B

agricultural activities

C

use of aerosol cans

all of above

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Q 7. Which of the following contributes the maximum to the greenhouse effect?

A

Carbon dioxide

Water vapour

C

Methane

D

Nitrous oxide

Explanation

Water vapour

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Q 8. Consider the following statements
(i) Ramsar Convention is an intergovernmental treaty to maintain the ecological character of Wetlands of international importance.
(ii) 26 sites in India is covered under Ramsar Convention for wildlife conservation
Which of the following statement(s) is\are true?

A

(i)

B

(ii)

both (i) and (ii)

D

None

Explanation

both (i) and (ii)

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Q 9. Earth's temperatures are stable because we are surrounded by ........................ which allows the right amount of sunlight in to warm the Earth.

A

a cloud layer

an atmosphere

C

gravity

D

water

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Q 10. This layer keeps us “not too hot in the summer" and “not too cold in the winter." Scientists call this the effect.

greenhouse effect

B

seasonal effect

C

ocean effect

D

lake effect

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Q 11. Certain gases in the atmosphere - water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide - help maintain the Earth’s temperatures and climate
. These are called:

A

ozone gases

B

solar gases

greenhouse gases

D

stomach gases

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Q 12. The solar energy that warms the Earth includes visible light, infrared and coming from the sun.

A

gamma rays

ultraviolet radiation

C

microwaves

D

sunspots

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Q 13. The solar radiation that bounces off the Earth back toward the atmosphere is mostly with a longer wavelength

A

gamma radiation

B

x-ray radiation

C

nuclear radiation

infrared radiation

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Q 14. The layer of the atmosphere closest to Earth is called the:

troposphere

B

stratosphere

C

exosphere

D

mesosphere

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Q 15. How are humans making greenhouse gases of our own?

A

burning fossil fuels in our cars

B

burning forests

C

with large-scale agriculture

all of these

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Q 16. Too many greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere may block heat from escaping into space and trap too much heat next to the Earth’s surface causing:

A

another ice age

global warming

C

earthquakes

D

volcanic eruptions

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Q 17. Something that might happen because of global warming is:

melting polar ice caps

B

more reflected sunlight off the ice pack

C

lower sea levels

D

a sale on bathing suits

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Q 18. Things you can do to help decrease global warming include:

A

Keep your air conditioner on high.

Turn off your lights when you're not using them.

C

Keep your freezer door open.

D

Eat more ice cream.

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Q 19. Consider the following statements
I. Recently the Uttarakhand High Court accorded the status of living human entities to the two most sacred rivers of India the Ganga and Yamuna
II. In this context the court cited the example of the river Whanganui of Egypt
Select the correct answer from the following codes:

A

Only II

Only I

C

Both I and II

D

Neither I nor II

Explanation

The Uttarakhand High Court on 20 March 2017 accorded the status of living human entities to sacred rivers the Ganga and Yamuna. In this case, the Court cited the example of Whanganui river in New Zealand. This river is the first in the world to be granted all the rights, duties, liabilities and legal status of a person. Therefore option (b) is the correct answer.

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Q 20. Which of the following is/are correct about India's recently approved ratification of the Second Commitment Period of the Kyoto Protocol?
I. The protocol is related with carbon emission trading.
II. UNFCCC was negotiated in Rio de Janeiro in 1995
III. At present, there are 193 parties to the Protocol
Select the correct answer from the following codes:

A

Only III

B

Only II & III

C

Only I

None of the above

Explanation

The Second Commitment Period of the Kyoto Protocol is related with emission of Green House Gases (GHGs). The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was negotiated at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. Presently there are 192 parties to the protocol because Canada withdrew- from the protocol effective December 2012. Therefore option (d) is the correct answer.

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Q 21. Which of the following is/are correct about the Indian Shad?
I. In January 2017 the West Bengal Govt. Gave legal protection to Hilsa Fish to stabilize its declining population
II. Hilsa or the Indian Shad is the first fish variety in India to get legal protection
III. It is the national fish of Pakistan
Select the correct answer from the following codes:

Only I & II

B

Only II

C

Only II & III

D

All of the above

Explanation

The Indian Shad or Hilsa fish is on the verge of extinction, therefore the West Bengal govt. In January 2017 gave a legal protection to it. It will become the first fish variety in India to get legal protection. It is the national fish of Bangladesh. Therefore, option (a) is correct while option (h) is wrong and (c) partially correct. Option (d) is wrong.

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Q 22. India has recently launched Stage II of HCFC Phase Out Management Plan. In this context consider the following statements
I. It aims to phase out use of Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), harmful ozone-depleting substances(ODS)
II. Under the Kyoto Protocol, the accelerated phase out of Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) is underway with an aim to complete phase out by 2030.
III. Montreal Protocol came into force in 1989 and has been ratified by 197 parties making it universally ratified protocol in UN history
Select the correct answer from the following codes:

A

Only II & III

B

Only I

C

Only II

Only I & III

Explanation

Stage II of HCFCs Phase Out Management Plan (HPMP) for the 2017-23 period aims to phase out use of Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs). harmful ozone-depleting substances (ODS) by switching over to non-ozone depleting and low global warming potential technologies. Under the Montreal Protocol, the accelerated phase out of Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) is underway with an aim to complete phase out by 2030. therefore option (c) is wrong. Option (a) and (b) are partially correct.

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Q 23. Which of the following is/are related to environment?
I. Ramsar Convention
II. GLOBE
III. UNFCC
Select the correct answer from the following codes:

Only I

B

Only III

C

Only I and III

D

I, II and III

Explanation

Ramsar Convention is formally known as Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat. It was signed on 2 February 1971 at Ramsar in Iran. That date is celebrated as World Wetland Day now. The theme of World Wetlands Day for 2017 is ‘Wetlands for Disaster Risk Reduction’. This theme has been selected to raise awareness on the vital roles of healthy wetlands in reducing the impacts of extreme events on communities and in helping to build resilience. Other options are ruled out.

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Q 24. Recently Assam government has taken an initiative to develop Majuli as India's first carbon neutral district. In this context consider the following statements
I. Majuli is the biggest river island in the world
II. Assam government has launched Sustainable Action for Climate Resilient Development in Majuli
III. The fluvial riverine island is formed by the Manas river system and world's largest mid river delta system
Select the correct answer from the following codes:

A

Only III

B

Only II & III

Only I and II

D

All of the above

Explanation

Assam government has launched ‘Sustainable Action for Climate Resilient Development in Majuli’ (SACReD. Majuli) to make river island Majuli country’s first ever Carbon Neutral district by 2020. The project - ‘Sustainable Action for Climate Resilient Development in Majuli' has been initiated by Assam govt. It aims to combat climate change & reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore statements I and II are correct. Option (a) is wrong because the fluvial riverine island is formed by the Brahmaputra river system. Option (b) is partially true. Option (d) is ruled out.

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Q 25. Recently the Southern Bench of the National Green Tribunal (NGT) suspended the Environmental Clearance (EC) granted to the India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO). In this context consider the following statements:
I. The proposed underground laboratory will be studying the properties of the neutrino, which would be accompanied by research regarding black matter and double beta decay
II. It would be modelled after the existing neutrino labs in Japan, Italy and Canada.
III. NGT suspended the EC because the INO project was just 4.5 km away from Mathikettan Shola National Park in Idukki district (Kerala) and one kilometre from Kerala-Tamil Nadu border.
Select the correct answer from the following codes:

A

Only I & III

B

Only III

C

Only II & III

All of the above

Explanation

In the context of the India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) all of the above statements are correct.