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UPSC > Art & Culture

Explore popular questions from Art & Culture for UPSC. This collection covers Art & Culture previous year UPSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

Q 1.

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Which of the following are wind instruments ?

A

Dhol and Tabla

B

Piano and Sitar

Flute and Saxophone

D

Ghungru and Jaltarang

Q 2.

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Bharatnatyam dance style belongs to

Tamil Nadu

B

Andhra Pradesh

C

Kerala

D

Karnataka

Explanation

Bharatnatyam is an artistic yoga that involves the movement of the body parts in a very artistic and elegant manner. It is the most widely practised of Indian classical dances in south India, and has its origin in Tamil Nadu. The term Bharatnatyam was introduced in the mid thirties by S. Krishna Iyer and later spread by Rukminidevi Arundale. It comprises of Bhava. Raga. Tala, and Natya put together as Bharatanatyam.

Q 3.

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Kuchipudi dance style belongs to

A

Odisha

Andhra Pradesh

C

Kerala

D

Karnataka

Explanation

Kuchipudi is the classical dance form from the state of Andhra Pradesh. It derives its name from the village of Kuchelapuram. a small village of about 65 km from Vijaywada. It is known for its graceful movements and its strong narrative/dramatic character.

Q 4.

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Kathakali dance style belongs to

A

Karnataka

Kerala

C

Tamil Nadu

D

Andhra Pradesh

Explanation

Kathakali is the most well known dance drama from the south Indian state of Kerala. The word Kathakali literally means "Story-Play”. It is known for its large, elaborate makeup and costumes. The elaborate costumes of Kathakali have become the most recognised icon for Kerala.

Q 5.

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Pt. Ravi Shankar is famous for which musical instrument?

A

Tabla

Sitar

C

Violin

D

Guitar

Explanation

Pt. Ravi Shankar was a famous sitar player.

Q 6.

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Which music instrument belongs to Hari Prasad Chaurasia?

A

Shehnai

B

Violin

Flute

D

Sarod

Explanation

Hari Prasad Chaurasia is an eminent flute player in India. He was awarded Padma Bhushan in 1992 and Padma Vibhushan in 2000.

Q 7.

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Ustad Amjad Ali Khan belongs to

Sarod

B

Shehnai

C

Sarangi

D

Guitar

Explanation

Ustad Amjad Ali Khan is a renowned sarod player.

Q 8.

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Which of the following is a dance drama?

A

Kathak

Kathakali

C

Odissi

D

Manipuri

Explanation

Kathakali is the most well known dance drama from the south. Indian state of Kerala. The word Kathakali literally means “Story-Play”.

Q 9.

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Bindadin Maharaj is a maestro of which of the following classical dance forms?

Kathak

B

Kathakali

C

Manipuri

D

Odissi

Explanation

Bindadin Maharaj was bom in 1830. He was the originator of his Gharana. popularly and widely known as Lucknow Gharana.

Q 10.

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Katputli, the string puppetry belongs to

Rajasthan

B

Karnataka

C

Madhya Pradesh

D

Uttrakhand

Explanation

Katputli, the string puppetry belongs to Rajasthan. The string puppet is perhaps the most common form of puppetry in India.

Q 11.

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Which of the dance forms enlisted in UNESCO?

Mudiyettu

B

Bidesia

C

Maach

D

Yakshagan

Explanation

Mudiyettu dance forms enlisted in UNESCO. Mudiyettu is a ritualistic dance-drama presented in Bhadrakaali temples in South and Central Kerala.

Q 12.

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In which year SPIC MACAY was established?

1977

B

1919

C

1954

D

1955

Explanation

The Society for the Promotion of Indian Classical Music and Culture Amongst Youth (SPIC MACAY) promotes Indian classical music, classical dance, folk music, yoga, meditation, crafts and other aspects of Indian culture. It was established by Dr. KiranSeth in 1977 at IIT Delhi.

Q 13.

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Guru Birju Maharaj is a maestro of which of the following Classical dance forms?

Kathak

B

Manipuri

C

Mohiniattam

D

Kathakali

Q 14.

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Who among the following is a famous santoor player?

Shiv Kumar Sharma

B

Hari Prasad Chaurasia

C

Ravi Shankar

D

Zakir Hussain

Q 15.

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Thillana is a format of

Kuchipudi

B

Odissi

C

Bhaaratanatyam

D

Kathak

Q 16.

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Thumri Singer Girija Devi belongs to which among the following Gharanas?

Banaras Gharana

B

Agra Gharana

C

Kirana Gharana

D

Lucknow Gharana

Explanation

Girija Devi belongs to Banaras Gharana. She performs classical and light classical music and has helped elevate the profile of thumri.

Q 17.

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Santhara is a religious ritual related to.

Jain

B

Saiva

C

Sakta

D

Vaishnava

Explanation

Santhara is the Jain religious ritual of voluntary death by fasting.

Q 18.

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Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below:

List-I List-II
A. Dhamar 1. Krishna theme/Holi theme
B. Thumri 2. Only rhythm is important
C. Tarana 3. Words are important
D. Tappa 4. Extinct

A : 2 B : 1 C : 3 D : 4

B

A : 1 B : 3 C : 2 D : 4

C

A : 4 B : 3 C : 2 D : 1

D

A : 4 B : 2 C : 3 D : 1

Explanation

Dhamar is one of the talas used in Hindustani classical music. It is associated with the dhrupad style and typically played on the pakhawaj. Dhamar tala has 14 beats grouped asymmetrically into a 5 - 2 - 3 - 4 pattern. Thumri is a common genre of semi-classical Indian music. The text is romantic or devotional in nature and usually revolves around a girl’s love for Krishna. Tarana — Words are important. The structure consists of the main melody, usually short, repeated many times, with variation and elaboration at the performer’s discretion. Tappa — Extinct. Tappa is a form of Indian semi-classical vocal music. Its specialty is its rolling pace based on fast, subtle and knotty construction. Its tunes are melodious, sweet and depict the emotional outbursts of a lover.

Q 19.

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Consider the following statements:
1. Flute and Saxophone are wind instruments
2. Dhol, Tabla, Mridanga are percussion instruments
3. Piano, Sitar and Vina are chordophone
4. Ghungru and Jaltarangs are percussion instruments.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A

1 and 2 only

B

2 and 3 only

C

2, 3 and 4 only

All of the above

Explanation

All of the statements given above are correct. Wind instruments-A wind instrument is a musical instrument that contains some type of resonator (usually a tube), in which a column of air is set into vibration by the player blowing into (or over) a mouthpiece set at the end of the resonator. Percussion instruments- A percussion instrument is a musical instrument that is sounded by being struck or scraped by a beater (including attached or enclosed beaters or rattles): struck, scraped or rubbed by hand: or struck against another similar instrument. Chordophone- A chordophone is any musical instrument that makes sound by way of a vibrating string or strings stretched between two points.

Q 20.

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Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below:

List-I List-II
A. Bharatnatyam 1. Tamil Nadu
B. Kathakali 2. Kerala
C. Mohiniattam 3. Andhra Pradesh
D. Odissi 4. Odisha

A : 1 B : 2 C : 3 D : 4

B

A : 2 B : 1 C : 3 D : 4

C

A : 1 B : 4 C : 3 D : 2

D

A : 2 B : 4 C : 3 D : 1

Explanation

Andhra Pradesh - Kuchipudi, Ottam Thedal, Mohiniattam Kolattam
Kerala - Kathakali, Kaikottikali
Tamil Nadu - Bharatnatyam, Kolattam, Oyilattam, etc.
Odisha - Odissi, Ghumara, Sambalpuri

Q 21.

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Consider the following statements:
1. Odisi dance related to Odisha.
2. Kathak belongs to North India (Uttar Pradesh)
3. Sattaria dance belongs to Assam.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 and 2 only

B

2 and 3 only

C

1 and 3 only

All of the above

Explanation

Odissi, also known as Orissi is one of the eight classical dance forms of India. It originates from the state of Odisha, in eastern lndia.

Q 22.

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Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below:

List-I List-II
A. Chhau 1. Punjab
B. Gatka 2. West Bengal & Jharkand
C. Dumhal 3. Kashmir
D. Garba 4. Gujarat

A

A : 1 B : 2 C : 3 D : 4

A : 2 B : 1 C : 3 D : 4

C

A : 4 B : 3 C : 2 D : 1

D

A : 4 B : 2 C : 3 D : 1

Explanation

A. Chhau 1. West Bengal & Jharkand
B. Gatka 2. Punjab
C. Dumhal 3. Kashmir
D. Garba 4. Gujarat
These are all the folk dance forms of the respective states.

Q 23.

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Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below:

List-I List-II
A. String puppet 1. Katputli (Rajasthan)
B. Rod puppet 2. Putul Nautch (Bengal)
C. Glove puppet 3. Kundhei Nach (Odisha)
D. Shadow puppet 4. Ravanchhaya (Odisha)

A : 1 B : 2 C : 3 D : 4

B

A : 4 B : 3 C : 2 D : 1

C

A : 4 B : 2 C : 3 D : 1

D

A : 1 B : 3 C : 2 D : 4

Explanation

All the names given are of different types of puppet dance
forms belonging to the respective states.

Q 24.

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Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer by using the codes:

List-I List-II
A. Sitar 1. Pt. Ravi Shankar
B. Tabla 2. Ustad Shafat Ahmed Khan
C. Flute 3. Ustad Amjad Ali Khan
D. Sarod 4. Hari Prasad Chaurasiya

A

A : 1 B : 2 C : 3 D : 4

A : 1 B : 2 C : 4 D : 3

C

A : 4 B : 3 C : 2 D : 1

D

A : 4 B : 2 C : 3 D : 1

Explanation

A. Sitar 1. Pt. Ravi Shankar
B. Tabla 2. Ustad Shafat Ahmed Khan
C. Flute 3. Hari Prasad Chaurasiya
D. Sarod 4. Ustad Amjad Ali Khan

Q 25.

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Consider the following statements :
1. Zubin Mehta is the famous exponent of Symphony.
2. Himanshu Biswas is the exponent of Jal Tarang.
3. Jnan Prakash Ghosh is the exponent of Ghatam.
4. V. Balsara is the exponent of Piano.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 and 2 only

B

2 and 3 only

1, 2 and 4 only

D

All of the above