On account of the disruption in education due to the corona pandemic, we're are providing a 7-day Free trial of our platform to teachers. Know More →

UPSC

Explore popular questions from Agriculture for UPSC. This collection covers Agriculture previous year UPSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

Select Subject

Geography

Indian Polity and Governance

Economic and Social Development

Ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change

Mental Ability and Management Ability

General Knowledge

General Science

Current Affairs

History

Agriculture

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 1. The chief characteristics of shifting cultivation are
1. High dependence on manual labour
2. Low level of technology
3. Utilization of poor soils through fallowing
4. Use of chemical fertilizers

A

1, 2 and 4

B

2, 3 and 4

C

1, 3 and 4

1, 2 and 3

Explanation

Shifting cultivation is a type of farming where people make temporary clearings in the forest to grow food. When the soil is no longer fertile after two to three years, the shifting cultivators abandon the field to look for another suitable plot of land. The first field is left to fallow, or rest, while the cultivators begin the cycle of activities on a new plot of land. The farmers may return to the same plot of land after 20 to 30 years.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 2. Double cropping is a common practice in areas having
1. a lot of rainfall
2. good irrigation facilities.
3. a long growing period.
4. alluvial soils.

A

2, 3 and 4

B

1, 2 and 4

1, 2 and 3

D

1, 3 and 4

Explanation

In agriculture, multiple cropping is the practice of growing two or more crops in the same piece of land during a single growing season. It is a form of polyculture. It can take the form of doublecropping, in which a second crop is planted after the first has been harvested, or relay cropping, in which the second crop is started amidst the first crop before it has been harvested. A related practice, companion planting, is sometimes used in gardening and intensive cultivation of vegetables and fruits. One example of multi-cropping is tomatoes + onions + marigold; the marigolds repel some tomato pests.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 3. What are the conditions favourable for tea cultivation?
1. Warm temperature
2. High rainfall
3. High altitude
4. Sloping land

A

1, 2 and 3

B

2, 3 and 4

1, 2 and 4

D

All the four

Explanation

lndia is the largest producer and exporter of tea in the world. The ideal climatic conditions for the production and growing of tea are as follows:
• Temperature: 21 °C to 29°C is ideal for the production of tea. High temperature is required in summer. The lowest temperature for the growth of tea is l6°C.
• Rainfall: 150-250 cm of rainfall is required for lea cultivation.
• Soil: lea shrubs require fertile mountain soil mixed with lime and iron. The soil should be rich in humus.
• Land: lea cultivation needs well drained land. Stagnation of water is not good for tea plants. Heavy rainfall but no stagnancy of water, such mountain slopes are good for tea cultivation.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 4. What is the chief cause of low yields of crops in India?
1. Small size of holdings
2. Traditional methods of farming
3. Mass illiteracy among farmers
4. Low level of farm mechanization

A

1, 2 and 3

1, 2 and 4

C

2, 3 and 4

D

1, 3 and 4

Explanation

The low productivity in India is a result of the following factors:
• The average size of land holdings is very small (less than 2 hectares) and is subject to fragmentation due to land ceiling acts, and in some cases, family disputes
• Adoption of modem agricultural practices and use of technology is inadequate
• lndia has inadequate infrastructure and services.
• Iliteracy, general socio-economic backwardness, slow progress in implementing land reforms and inadequate or inefficient finance and marketing services.
• lnconsistent government policy.
• Irrigation facilities are inadequate,

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 5. Match the Crops with the Soil required by them and accordingly select the correct alternative:

Crop Soil Required
(a) Tea sub-soil (I) Alluvial soil with clayey
(b) Millets (ii) Well drained loamy soil
(c) Rice soil (iii) Less fertile and sandy
(d) Coffee soil (iv) Hill slopes with alluvial

A - iv, B - iii, C - i, D - ii

B

A - ii, B - iii, C - iv, D - i

C

A - ii, B - iv, C - i, D - iii

D

A - iv, B - ii, C - i, D - iii

Explanation

Tea - Hill slopes with alluvial soil; Millets - Less fertile and sandy soil ;Rice - Alluvial soil with clayey sub - soil Coffee - well drained loamy soil.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 6. In an area with an annual rainfall of more than 200 cm and sloping hills which crop will be ideal?

A

Jute

B

Cotton

C

Maize

Tea

Explanation

In an area with annual rainfall of more than 200 cm and sloping hills will be the ideal for tea plantation.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 7. Monoculture is a distinct characteristic of

Commercial grain farming

B

Shifting cultivation

C

Subsistence farming

D

Organic farming

Explanation

Monoculture is a distinct characteristic of commercial grain farming. Monoculture is the agricultural practice of producing or growing a single crop or plant species over a wide area and for a large number of consecutive years.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 8. Dapog method of rice nursery was developed in

A

China

B

Indonesia

C

Japan

Philippines

Explanation

Dapog method of rice nursery was developed in Philippines. The dapog method of raising seedling originated in the Philippines and is now, fairly common in South and Southeast. The dapog nursery is constructed for the raising of seedlings without any soil whatsoever. Rice seeds contain sufficient food in the endosperm to permit the young seedling to grow for up to 14 days without receiving any outside nutrients except air, water, and sunlight. Consequently, it is possible to nurse seedlings without actually sowing them in soil.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 9. Which crop is afflicted by the disease called red rot?

A

Rice

B

Wheat

C

Bajra

Sugarcane

Explanation

Red rot disease is caused by fungus and sugarean is afficted by it.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 10. Match column 1 with column 11 and select the correct answer using the code given below the columns:

Column I Column II
A. Rice 30-40{tex}^0{/tex}C
B. Tea 15-25{tex}^0{/tex}C
C. Cotton 20{tex}^0{/tex}C
D. Coffee 25{tex}^0{/tex}C

A

A (i), B (ii), C (iii), D (iv)

B

A (iii), B (iv), C (i), D (ii)

A (ii), B (i), C (iv), D (iii)

D

A(i), B (iii), C (iv), D (ii)

Explanation

Rice is produced under 15 - 25°C, Tea is produce under 30 - 40°C, Cotton is produced under 25°C while coffee is produce under 20°C.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 11. Which of following methods is/are suitable for soi conservation in hilly region?
1. Terracing and contour bunding
2. Shifting cultivation
3. Contour ploughing
Select the correct answer using the codes given below :

1 and 3

B

Only 2

C

Only 3

D

All of these

Explanation

Level terrace or contour bunding involves construction of bind passing through the points having same elevation ploughing and/or planting across a slope following its elevation contour lines.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 12. Which one of the following is the example of subsistence farming?

Shifting cultivation

B

Commercial farming

C

Extensive and intensive farming

D

Organic farming

Explanation

Subsistence fanning, form of farming in which nearly all of the crops or livestock raised are used to maintain the farmer and the farmer's family, leaving little, if any, surplus for sale or trade. Pre-industrial agricultural peoples throughout the world have traditionally practised subsistence farming. Some of these peoples moved from site to site as they exhausted the soil at each location. As urban centres grew, agricultural production became more specialised and commercial farming developed, with farmers producing a sizeable surplus of certain crops, which they traded for manufactured goods or sold for cash. Shifting cultivation is an example of subsistence fanning.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 13. Consider the following statements
1. Rural forestry aims to raise the trees on community land and on privately owned land.
2. Farm forestry encourages individual farmers to plant trees on their own farmland to meet the domestic need of the family.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

A

Only 1

B

Only 2

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation

Rural forestry (also known as community forestry) aims to raise the trees on community land and on privately owned land as in farm forestry. Farm forestry encouraged individual farmers to plant trees on their own farmland to meet the domestic needs of the family. All these schemes are taken up under the social forestry programme.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 14. Which of the following are responsible for the decrease of per capita holding of cultivated land in India ?
1. Low per capita income.
2. Rapid rale of increase of population
3. Practice of dividing land equally among the heirs.
4. Use of traditional techniques of ploughing.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below :

A

1 and 2

2 and 3

C

1 and 4

D

2, 3 and 4

Explanation

The factors responsible for the decrease of per capita holding of cultivated land in lndia are
1. Rapid rate of increase of population.
2. Practice of dividing land equally among the heirs.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 15. Consider the following statements about black soil of lndia
1. Black soil becomes sticky when it is wet.
2. Black soil contains adequate nitrogen as well as phosphorus required for the growth of plants
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Only I

B

Only 2

C

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation

Black soil becomes sticky when wet. It is deficient in: Nitrogen, Phosphorous and organic matter and rich in Iron, lime, calcium, potassium, aluminium and magnesium. Generally, black soil is found in the central, western and southern states of India.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 16. The term ‘Regur’ is used for

A

Alluvial soil

Black soil

C

Laterite soil

D

Yellow soil

Explanation

Black soil is a rich soil that is good for crops like cotton. It is found in various places around the world. It is most abundantly found in western central India, and also known as regur.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 17. The alluvial soil found along the banks of the rivers in the Ganga plain is called

Khadar

B

Bhangar

C

Bhur

D

Loess

Explanation

Khadir or Khadar plains are those that are low-lying next to a river. Khadir areas are prone to flooding and sometimes include portions of former river beds that became available for agriculture when a river changed course. Khadir soil consists of new alluvial deposits and is often very fertile.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 18. ln India more than half of the production of soyabean comes from

A

Andhra Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh

C

Maharashtra

D

Rajasthan

Explanation

Madhya Pradesh contributes more than 70% of the total soyabean production in the country.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 19. ‘Yellow Revolution’ is associated with the production of

A

Poultry

Oil seeds

C

Sunflower

D

Gold

Explanation

The growth, development and adoption of new varieties of oil seeds and complementary technologies nearly doubled oil seeds production by the Technology Mission on Oil seeds, brought about the Yellow Revolution.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 20. The term khadar means

New alluvial soils

B

Dry sandy soils

C

Old alluvial soils

D

Semi black soils

Explanation

Khadar refers to the soil consists of new alluvial deposits. It is very fertile in comparison to Bangar which is less fertile and consists of older alluvial soil.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 21. Which one of the following statements is not correct regarding tank irrigation in peninsular lndia?

A

Percolation of rainwater is less due to hard rock.

B

Most of the rivers are seasonal and dry up in summer reason.

Underground w ater level is higher

D

Rainwater can be easily stored by constructing tanks.

Explanation

Underground water level is less in peninsular region of India and high in North region of lndia.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 22. Consider the following statements:
1. In India, natural rubber is produced in southern India only.
2. Among the coffee growing states of India, the low est average yield per hectare of plucked coffee is in Kerala.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

1 only

B

2 only

C

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation

Kerala is the largest producer of natural rubber producing 595 thousand tonnes or 92 per cent of total rubber production of India in 2002-03. Kottayam, Kollam, Emakulam, Kozhikode districts produce practically all the rubber of this state. Tamil Nadu is the second largest producer of rubber but lags far behind Kerala producing only 22 thousand or 3. 39 per cent of the total Indian production in 2002-03. Nilgiri, Madurai, Kanyakumari, Coimbatore and Salem are the chief rubber producing districts of Tamil Nadu.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 23. Among the following states, which one has the most suitable climatic conditions for the cultivation of a large variety of orchids with minimum cost of production and can develop an export oriented industry in this field?

A

Goa

B

U. P.

C

M. P

Arunachal Pradesh

Explanation

Arunachal's rich and colorful orchids find a place of pride. Out of about a thousand species of orchids in India, over 600 are to be found in Arunachal alone. Hence this state can rightly be called the “Orchid Paradise” of our country; These are colorful, spectacular and some bear exotic names such as Sita-Pushpa and Draupadi-Pushpa which were believed to have been worn by Sita and Draupadi for ornamentation. Many of these orchids are rare, endangered and highly ornamental with long-lasting flower qualities. Amongst the orchids as many as 150 species are ornamental and commercially important.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 24. The main aim of watershed management strategy of lndia is

A

promoting silviculture

B

hillslope management

C

arid land management

soil conservation

Explanation

The main objectives of the watershed management strategy of India are to restore the ecological balance by harnessing, conserving and developing degraded natural resources such as soil, vegetative cover and water.

Correct Marks 2

Incorrectly Marks -0.667

Q 25. Harmers are requested to mix lime with soil while farming their fields. This is because

A

lime is very helpful in maintaining the water content in the soil

lime decreases the acidity of soil

C

lime decreases the basicity of soil

D

high concentration of lime is necessary for the plant growth

Explanation

Farmers are advised to mix lime with soil while farming their fields because it increases the pH of acidic soil (the higher the pH the less acidic the soil); in other words, soil acidity is reduced and alkalinity increased.