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Explore popular questions from Agriculture in the National Economy for UPSC. This collection covers Agriculture in the National Economy previous year UPSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

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Agriculture in the National Economy

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Q 1. Agricultural income tax is assigned to the State Government by:

A

Finance Commission

B

National Development Council

C

Inter-State Council

The Constitution of India

Explanation

Art. 269 says taxes on income other than agricultural income shall be levied and collected by the Government of India and distributed between the Union and States. Entry 46 in the state list of Seventh Schedule. This gives power to the state governments to impose agricultural income tax.

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Q 2. Which of the following benefits are likely to accrue to India from the World Trade Organisation?
1. India's share in the world trade is to go up from the present 600 million US dollars to 5 billion US dollars by 2000 AD.
2. It will help boost exports of agricultural commodities from India.
3. India's share in the world trade is likely to triple by the year 2000 A.D.

A

1, 2 and 3

B

1 and 3

C

1 and 2

2 and 3

Explanation

World Trade Organization is attempting to lower trade barriers across nations. Hence export of all member nations will go up.

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Q 3. In which one of the following crops international trade is low in the context of total produce?

Rice

B

Coffee

C

Rubber

D

Wheat

Explanation

Rice production is highest in India among cereals but its quality of rice cannot compete with other rice producing countries. Most of rice produced in India is meant for internal consumption. India is a major producer and exporter of Basmati rice.

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Q 4. Consider the following statements: Regional disparities in India are high and have been rising in recent years because:
1. There is persistent investment over time only in select locates.
2. Some areas are agro-climatically less conductive to development.
3. Some areas continue to face little or no agrarian transformation and the consequent lack of social and economic opportunities.
4. Some areas have faced continuous political instability.
Which of the above statements are correct?

1, 2 and 3

B

1, 2 and 4

C

1, 3 and 4

D

2, 3 and 4

Explanation

The most appropriate answer is (a). Investment, weather conditions and agricultural transformation are the best indicators of agricultural development. Political stability plays a very small role in agricultural development.

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Q 5. Indian farmers are unhappy over the introduction of "Terminator Seed Technology" because the seeds produced by this technology are expected to:

A

show poor germination

B

from low-yielding plants despite the high quality

give rise to sexually sterile plants

D

give rise to plants incapable of forming viable seeds

Explanation

The terminator gene is a specific genetic sequence inserted into a seed's DNA. Once activated by a synthetic chemical catalyst of the manufacturer's choosing, the sequence renders the seed and crop it produces sterile. This means that the farmer cannot retain seeds for future crops as is the practice in India. The farmer has to repurchase the seeds at a heavy cost.

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Q 6. The correct sequence in decreasing order of the four sugarcane producing States in India is :

A

Maharashtra, U .P., Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh

B

U. P., Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh

C

Maharashtra, U. P., Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu

None of these

Explanation

The decreasing order of the sugarcane producing States in India is: Uttar Pradesh- 132427.6842, Maharashtra-69648.0768, Karnataka-35732, Tamil Nadu-33919.17, Andhra Pradesh-15567 (2012-13 Data).

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Q 7. Consider the following statements:
1. Maharashtra has the highest acreage under Jawar in India
2. Gujarat is the largest producer of groundnut in India.
3. Rajasthan has the largest area of cultivable wastelands in India
4. Andhra Pradesh has the highest per hectare yield of maize in India
Which of these statements are correct?

A

1 and 4

B

2 and 3

1 and 3

D

2 and 4

Explanation

Maharashtra produces 52% of total production of Jawar in India. Groundnut production is maximum in Andhra Pradesh, not in Gujarat, Maize production is highest in Karnataka, not in Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan has the maximum cultivable waste land in India.

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Q 8. The annual agricultural production of a product for the period 1991-92 to 1998-99 is shown in the figure given below. Which one of the following is the product in question?

A

Pulses

B

Wheat

C

Oilseeds

Rice

Explanation

In the given bar diagram the annual production of "Rice" for the period 1991-92 to 1998-99 is shown.

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Q 9. In terms of value, which one of the following commodities accounted for the largest agricultural exports by India during the three year period from 1997-1998 to 1999-2000 ?

A

Cereals

Marine products

C

Spices

D

Tea

Explanation

Largest agricultural exports were of marine products followed by tea and spices.

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Q 10. Consider the following statement:
India continues to be dependent on imports to meet the requirement of oilseeds in the country because:
1. farmers prefer to grow food grains with highly remunerative support prices.
2. most of the cultivation of oilseed crops continues to be dependent on rainfall.
3. oils from the seeds of free origin and rice bran have remained unexploited.
4. it far cheaper to import oilseeds than to cultivate the oilseed crops.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

A

1 and 2

1, 2 and 3

C

2 and 3

D

1, 2, 3 and 4

Explanation

The reduction of rainfall and leak of seed preservation technology are the main cause.

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Q 11. Assertion (A) : India does not export natural rubber.
Reason (R) : About 97% of India's demand for natural rubber is met from domestic production.

A

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

Both A and R are true but R is NOT a correct explanation of A

C

A is true but R is false

D

A is false but R is true

Explanation

India is the fourth largest country, regarding consumption of rubber with total consumption 631000 tons in 2001, after USA and Japan. Due to high consumption in domestic market India does not export natural rubber. However small quantities of natural rubber is exported to get higher prices.

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Q 12. Consider the following statements:
1. The Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices recommends the Minimum Support Prices for 32 crops.
2. The Union Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution has launched the National Food Security Mission.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 only

B

2 only

C

Both 1 and 2

Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation

The National Development Council (NDC) in its 53rd meeting held on 29th May, 2007 adopted a resolution to launch a Food Security Mission consisting of rice, wheat and pulses and to increase the production of rice by 10 million tons, wheat by 8 million tons and pulses by 2 million tons by the end of the Eleventh Plan (2011-12). The project is under Ministry of Agriculture. The project identifies districts and varieties which would be concentrated on.

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Q 13. Consider the following statements ;
1. The Union Government fixes the Statutory Minimum Price of sugarcane for each sugar season
2. Sugar and sugarcane are essential commodities under the Essential Commodities Act.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 only

B

2 only

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation

Statutory minimum price of sugar come for every season is a policy provision while sugar and sugar came falls within essential commodities act.

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Q 14. With reference to micro-irrigation, which of the following statements is/are correct ?
1. Fertilizer/nutrient loss can be reduced.
2. It is the only means of irrigation in dry land farming.
3. In some areas of farming, receding of ground water table can be checked.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

A

1 only

B

2 and 3 only

1 and 3 only

D

1, 2 and 3

Explanation

The first statement is correct because with Micro irrigation, Fertigation can be used to check the loss of the nutrients. The second statement is incorrect. The third statement is correct, because Micro irrigation has evolved from the subirrigation where irrigation water is supplied to the plant by “raising the water table” up to the root zone.

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Q 15. Among the following states, which one has the most suitable climatic conditions for the cultivation of a large variety of orchids with minimum cost of production, and can develop an export oriented industry in this field ?

A

Andhra Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh

C

Madhya Pradesh

D

Uttar Pradesh

Explanation

Around 800 species of orchids found in the Northeast region.

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Q 16. Government of India encourages the cultivation of 'sea buckthorn'. What is the importance of this plant ?
1. It helps in controlling soil erosion and in preventing desertification.
2. It is a rich source of biodiesel.
3. It has nutritional value and is well-adapted to live in cold areas of high altitudes.
4. Its timber is of great commercial value.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 only

B

2, 3 and 4 only

C

1 and 3 only

1, 2, 3 and 4

Explanation

All are correct. Seabuckthorn is a medicinal plant 20. which has health-promoting properties. It can play a crucial role in preventing soil erosion and help nitrogen fix option in cold and desert areas.

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Q 17. In the context of food and nutritional security of India, enhancing the 'Seed Replacement Rates' of various crops helps in achieving the food production targets of the future. But what is/are the constraint/ constraints in its wider/greater implementation?
1. There is no National Seeds Policy in place.
2. There is no participation of private sector seed companies in the supply of quality seeds of vegetables and planting materials of horticultural crops.
3. There is a demand-supply gap regarding quality seeds in case of low value and high volume crops.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

A

1 and 2

3 only

C

2 and 3

D

None

Explanation

We have a National Seed policy made in 2002. So 1 is not a constraint. The private sector produces high-priced seeds but in lower volume. It supplies nearly the entire hybrid seeds required for vegetables. So 2 is not a constraint. In the case of low value and high volume crops such as wheat and rice, farmers tend to use their own preserved seeds as there is demand and supply gap. So 3 is a constraint.

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Q 18. With reference to Balance of Payments, which of the following constitutes/constitute the Current Account?
1. Balance of trade
2. Foreign assets
3. Balance of invisibles
4. Special Drawing Rights
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

A

1 only

B

2 and 3

1 and 3

D

1, 2 and 4

Explanation

The current account consists of the balance of trade and balance of invisibles.

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Q 19. Consider the following statements:
1. Regarding the procurement of food-grains, Government of India follows a procurement target rather than an open-ended procurement policy.
2. Government of India announces minimum support prices only for cereals.
3. For distribution under Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS), wheat and rice are issued by the Government of India at uniform central issue prices to the States/Union Territories.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 and 2

B

2 only

1 and 3

D

3 only

Explanation

The policy involves procurement of various food grains, stock and price levels.

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Q 20. First Agricultural University in India was established in

A

Jabalpur

B

Kanpur

C

Faizabad

Pant Nagar

Explanation

G. R. Pam University of Agriculture and Technology (GBPUA&T. Pant Nagar.Uttara Khand) is the first agricultural university of India. It was inaugurated by Jawahar I-al Nehru on 17 November 1960.

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Q 21. Which one of the following agencies of Indian Government implements the price support scheme (PSS)?

A

FCI

NAFED

C

Agriculture pricing agency of India

D

None of the above

Explanation

In Order to help the farmers in getting remunerative prices for their produce with a view to encourage higher investment and as also to increase production and productivity of a commodity, the government declares Minimum Support Price (MSPs) for 25 notified agricultural commodities for each Kharif & Rabi crop season.National Agricultural cooperative Marketing Federation of India Ltd (NAFED) is one of the Central Nodal Agencies which implements PSS.

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Q 22. The importance of agriculture in Indian Economy is indicated by its contribution to which of the following?

A

National income and employment

B

Industrial development and international trade

C

Supply of foodgrains

All of the above

Explanation

The importance of agriculture in Indian Economy is indicated by its contribution to national income, industrial development and supply of foodgrains. It contributes around 13.7% to GDP , supplies raw material for development of industries along with supplying food grains for livelihood.

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Q 23. When the Kisan Credit Card schemes for the farmers started in India?

A

1995-1996

1998-1999

C

2005-2006

D

2007-2008

Explanation

A Kisan Credit Card is a credit card to provide affordable credit for farmers. It was started by the Reserve Bank of lndia (RBI), and National Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development (NABARD) in 1998-99 to help farmers access timely anti adequate credit.

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Q 24. Which one of the following five year plans has the highest growth rate in Agriculture sector in India ?

A

Sixth Five Year Plan

B

Seventh Five Year Plan

Eighth Five Year Plan

D

Ninth Five Year Plan

Explanation

The growth performance of the agriculture sector has been fluctuating across the plan periods. It witnessed a growth rate of 4.8 per cent during the Eighth plan period (1992-97).

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Q 25. In which of the following years was the Food Corporation of India (FCI) set up ?

A

1955

B

1960

1965

D

1970

Explanation

The Food corporation of India (FCI) was set up in 1965. Its objectives arc Effective price support operations for safeguarding the interests of the farmers. Distribution of food grains throughout the country for public distribution system and maintaining satisfactory level of operational and buffer stocks of food-grains to ensure National Food Security.