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SSC > World History

Explore popular questions from World History for SSC. This collection covers World History previous year SSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

Q 1.

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The chief advocate of Fascism was :

Mussolini

B

Adolf Hitler

C

St. Simon

D

Robert Owen

Explanation

Benito Mussolini was an Italian politician who led the National Fascist Party, ruling the country from 1922 to his ousting in 1943, and is credited with being one of the key figures in the creation of fascism, a radical authoritarian nationalist political ideology. Originally a member of the Italian Socialist Party and editor of the Avanti! from 1912 to 1914, Mussolini fought in World War I as an ardent nationalist and created the Fasci di Combattimento in 1919, catalyzing his nationalist and socialist beliefs in the Fascist Manifesto, published in 1921.

Q 2.

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Bangladesh was created in -

A

1970

B

1972

C

1973

1971

Explanation

Modem Bangladesh came into being on March 26, 1971 when it proclaimed Declaration of Independence from Pakistan. It was followed by Bangladesh-India Allied Forces defeating the Pakistan Army, culminating in its surrender and the Liberation of Dhaka on 16 December 1971. On 17 December 1971, the nation of Bangla Desh was finally established.

Q 3.

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Japanese folk tradition and ritual, with no founder or single sacred scripture, is popularly known as

A

Taoism

B

Zoroastrianism

Shintoism

D

Paganism

Explanation

Shinto is a Japanese folk tradition and ritual, with no founder or single sacred scripture. It focuses on ritual practices to be carried out diligently, to establish a connection between present-day Japan and its ancient past. Shinto is the largest religion in Japan, practiced by nearly 80% of the population.

Q 4.

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Taoism, is an ancient tradition of Philosophy and religious belief deeply rooted in

A

Taiwanese custom and world view

Chinese custom and world view

C

Japanese custom and world view

D

Vietnamese custom and world view

Explanation

Taoism is an ancient tradition of philosophy and religious belief that is deeply rooted in Chinese customs and worldview. It originated in China 2000 years ago. Taoist ideas have become popular throughout the world through Tai Chi Chuan, Qigong, and various martial arts.

Q 5.

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On which side did Japan fight in the First World War ?

A

none, it wag neutral

B

with Germany against United Kingdom

C

against Russia on its own

with United Kingdom against Germany

Explanation

The First World War involved all the world’s great powers, which were assembled in two opposing alliances: the Allies (based on the Triple Entente of the United Kingdom, France and Russia) and the Central Powers (originally the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy). These alliances were both re-organized and expanded as more nations entered the war: Italy, Japan and the United States joined the Allies, and the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria the Central Powers.

Q 6.

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The Great Wall of China was built by

A

Li-tai-pu

Shih Huang-ti

C

Lao-tze

D

Confucius

Explanation

Shih Huang Ti (259 - 210 BC) was the first ruler to unify all of China. His public works projects included the unification of diverse state walls into a single Great Wall of China and a massive new national road system, as well as the city-sized mausoleum guarded by the life-sized Terracotta Army.

Q 7.

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Synagogue is the place of worship of

A

Zoroastrianism

B

Taoism

Judaism

D

Shintoism

Explanation

Synagogueis a Jewish house of prayer. In Judaism (the religion, philosophy, culture and way of life of the Jewish people), synagogues are consecrated spaces used for the purpose of prayer, Torah reading, study and assembly; however, a synagogue is not necessary for worship.

Q 8.

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In which country the Head of the State gets his office by the law of hereditary succession?

A

China

B

Sri Lanka

C

France

Japan

Explanation

The Emperor of Japan— defined in the Constitution is "the symbol of the State and of the unity of the people" (Article 1) and generally recognized throughout the world as the Japanese head of state — is a ceremonial figurehead with no independent discretionary powers related to the governance of Japan. The post is hereditary and is monarchical.

Q 9.

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Anti Semitism' to Adolf Hitler meant

A

Anti Black policy

Anti Jewish policy

C

Anti Protestant policy

D

Anti German policy

Explanation

Anti-Semitism is suspicion of, hatred toward, or discrimination against Jews for reasons connected to their Jewish heritage. Social scientists consider it a form of racism. Anti-Semitism may be manifested in many ways, ranging from expressions of hatred of or discrimination against individual Jews to organized violent attacks by mobs, state police, or even military attacks on entire Jewish communities. Extreme instances of persecution include the pogroms which preceded the First Crusade in 1096, the expulsion from England in 1290, the massacres of Spanish Jews in 1391, the persecutions of the Spanish Inquisition, the expulsion from Spain in 1492, Cossack massacres in Ukraine, various pogroms in Russia, the Dreyfus affair, the Final Solution by Hitler’s Germany, official Soviet anti-Jewish policies and the Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries.

Q 10.

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The Chinese Nationalist Party Kuomintang was found by

A

Pu-yi

B

MaoTse-tung

Chiang Kai-shek

D

Sun Yat-sen

Explanation

The Kuomintang translated as the Chinese Nationalist Party, was one of the dominant parties of the early Republic of China, from 1912 onwards, and remains one of the main political parties in modem Taiwan. Its guiding ideology is the Three Principles of the People, advocated by Sun Yat- Sen. The KMT was founded by Song Jiaoren and Sun Yat-sen shortly after the Xinhai Revolution. Later led by Chiang Kai-shek, it mled much of China from 1928 until its retreat to Taiwan in 1949 after being defeated by the Communist Party of China (CPC) during the Chinese Civil War.

Q 11.

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Whose teachings inspired the French Revolution?

A

Locke

Rousseau

C

Hegel

D

Plato

Explanation

Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of 18th-century Romanticism of French expression. His political philosophy influenced the French Revolution as well as the overall development of modern political, sociological and educational thought. During the period of the French Revolution, Rousseau was the most popular of the philosophers among members of the Jacobin Club. Rousseau, a Freemason, was interred as a national hero in the Pantheon in Paris, in 1794, 16 years after his death.

Q 12.

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Which two countries were involved in a Hundred Years War?

A

Turkey and Austria

England and France

C

Palestine and Israel

D

Germany and Russia

Explanation

The Hundred Years’ War was a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453 between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of France and their various allies for control of the French throne. It was the result of a dynastic disagreement dating back to William the Conqueror who became King of England in 1066, while remaining Duke of Normandy. The war owes its historical significance to a number of factors. Although primarily a dynastic conflict, the war gave impetus to ideas of both French and English nationalism. Militarily, it saw the introduction of new weapons and tactics which eroded the older system of feudal armies dominated by heavy cavalry in Western Europe.

Q 13.

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Zend-Avesta is the sacred book of the

Parsees

B

Jains

C

Jews

D

Buddhists

Explanation

The Avesta is the primary collection of sacred texts of Zoroastrianism, and is composed in the Avestan language. The word Zend literally meaning "interpretation", refers to late Middle Persian language paraphrases of and commentaries on the individual Avestan books: they could be compared with the Jewish Targums.

Q 14.

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East Timor, in Indonesian Archipelago, was the former colony of

A

Dutch

B

English

C

French

Portuguese

Explanation

East Timor was colonized by Portugal in the 16th century, and was known as Portuguese Timor until Portugal's decolonization of the country. In late 1975, East Timor declared its independence, but later that year was invaded and occupied by Indonesia and was declared Indonesia's 27th province the following year. In 1999, following the United Nations-sponsored act of self-determination, Indonesia relinquished control of the territory and East Timor became the first new sovereign state of the 21st century on May 20, 2002.

Q 15.

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Peking is the sacred place of

A

Taoism

B

Shintoism

Confucianism

D

Judaism

Explanation

Peking (Beijing) is the sacred place of Confucianism. It was founded by King Fu Tsu, better known as Confucius, in 500 BC. Its sacred text is The Analects’.

Q 16.

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During the reign of which dynasty was the Great Wall of China constructed?

A

Sung

B

Tang

C

Han

Chin

Explanation

The Great Wall of China was mainly built during the reign of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, along the country’s northern border to prevent the invasion of Huns. Qin Shi Huangwas the founder of the Qin (Chin) dynasty and was the first emperor of a unified China in 221 B.C. Later the Han (202 B.C - 220 A.D), the Northern Qi (550-574), the Sui (589-618), and particularly the Ming (1369-1644) were among those that rebuilt, re-manned, and expanded the Walls.

Q 17.

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The world's first drainage system was build by the people of

A

Egyptian civilization

Indus Valley civilization

C

Chinese civilization

D

Mesopotamian civilization

Explanation

The Indus Valley civilization is noted for its cities built of brick, roadside drainage system, and multistoried houses which other Bronze Age civilizations lacked to the extent that the Indus people had. The Drainage System of the Indus Valley Civilization was quite advanced. The drains were covered with slabs. Water flowed from houses into the street drains. The street drains had manholes at regular intervals.

Q 18.

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Who was the chairperson of the Chinese Communist Party at the time of liberation of China?

A

Zhou Enlai

B

Deng Xiaoping

Mao Zedong

D

Liu Shaoqi

Explanation

The Chinese Civil War was fought between forces loyal to the government of the Republic of China led by the Kuomintang and forces of the Communist Party of China in April 1927. Mao Zedong was the leader of the Chinese Communist Party.

Q 19.

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The capital of Pakistan till 1959 was

A

Islamabad

Karachi

C

Lahore

D

Hyderabad

Explanation

Karachi is the largest city, main seaport and financial centre of Pakistan, as well as the capital of the province of Sindh. By the time of independence of Pakistan in 1947, Karachi was chosen as the capital of Pakistan, which at the time included modem day Bangladesh. In 1958, the capital of Pakistan was moved from Karachi to Rawalpindi and then in 1960, to the newly built Islamabad.

Q 20.

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Indonesia was a colony of which of the following countries?

Dutch

B

Spain

C

Portugal

D

Belgium

Explanation

The Dutch East Indies was a Dutch colony that became modern Indonesia following World War II. It was formed from the nationalised colonies of the Dutch East India Company, which came under the administration of the Dutch government in 1800. This colony which later formed modern-day Indonesia was one of the most valuable European colonies under the Dutch Empire's rule, and contributed to Dutch global prominence in spice and cash crop trade in 19th to early 20th century.

Q 21.

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The Crimean War in 1854-1856 was fought between

Russia and Turkey

B

USA and England

C

Russia and Japan

D

England and France

Explanation

The Crimean War (October 1853-Februaiy 1856), also known as Eastern War, was fought mainly on the Crimean Peninsula between the Russians and the British, French, and Ottoman Turkish and Sardinia. The immediate cause involved the rights of Christian minorities in the Holy Land, which was controlled by the Ottoman Empire.

Q 22.

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Waterloo is located in

A

England

B

France

C

Spain

Belgium

Explanation

The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815 near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. An Imperial French army under the command of Emperor Napoleon was defeated by the armies of the Seventh Coalition, comprising an Anglo-Allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington combined with a Prussian army under the command of Gebhard von Blucher. It was the culminating battle of the Waterloo Campaign and Napoleon’s last.

Q 23.

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Which countries were involved in 100 year war?

A

Turkey and Austria

England and France

C

Palestine and Israel

D

Germany and Russia

Q 24.

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Opium-war was fought between :

A

Britain and China

B

Britain and India

C

India and Chine

Britain and Japan

Q 25.

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Match the following:
European Language Spoken in
A. French - 1. Brazil
B. Italian - 2. Mexico
C. Portuguese - 3. Libya
D. Spanish - 4. Mauritania
5. Algeria
Below options are given in A B C D order

5 3 1 2

B

2 5 1 3

C

5 3 2 4

D

3 1 5 4