Article 14 of the Indian Constitution guarantees Indian citizens :
Equal protection of laws
Equality before law
Equal distribution of economic resources
Equality before law and equal protection of the laws
Article 14 of the constitution guarantees that all citizens shall be equally protected by the laws of the country. It means that the State cannot discriminate any of the Indian citizens on the basis of their caste, creed, colour, sex, gender, religion or place of birth.
Which article of the Indian Constitution provides for the institution of Panchayati Raj ?
During the drafting of the Constitution of India, Panchayati Raj Institutions were placed in the non-justiciable part of the Constitution, the Directive Principles of State Policy, as Article 40. The Article read 'the State shall take steps to organise village panchayats and endow them with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as units of self-government'. However, no worthwhile legislation was enacted either at the national or state level to implement it.
In the 13th Lok Sabha elections in which of the following states did the ruling alliance win all the seats?
The 13th Lok Sabha election is of historical importance as it was the first time a united front of parties managed to attain a majority and form a government that lasted a full term of five years, thus ending a period of political instability at the national level that had been characterized by three general elections held in as many years. In Haryana, the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Indian National Lok Dal won all the ten seats, with each party winning 5 each.
A proclamation of emergency, under Article 352, on account of war or aggression requires approval of the Parliament within
National emergency is caused by war, external aggression or armed rebellion in the whole of India or a part of its territory. The President can declare such an emergency only on the basis of a written request by the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. Such a proclamation must be approved by the Parliament within one month. Such an emergency can be imposed for six months. It can be extended by six months by repeated parliamentary approval.
Article-32 of the Indian constitution relates to :
Right against exploitation
Right to religion
Right to constitutional remedies
Right to equality
The sole object of the Article 32 of the Constitution of India is the enforcement of the fundamental rights guaranteed under Part III of the Constitution of India. By including Article 32 in the Fundamental Rights, the Supreme Court has been made the protector and guarantor of these Rights.
Constitution of India considers free and compulsory eduction to children up to
The Constitution (Eighty-sixth Amendment) Act, 2002 inserted Article 21A in the Constitution of India to provide free and compulsory education of all children in the age group of six to fourteen years as a Fundamental Right in such a manner as the State may, by law, determine. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, which represents the consequential legislation envisaged under Article 21 A, means that every child has a right to full time elementary education of satisfactory and equitable quality in a formal school which satisfies certain essential norms and standards.
The articles 17 and 18 of constitution provide
Right to equality is an important right provided for in Articles 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18 of the constitution. Article 17 of the constitution abolishes the practice of untouchability. Article 18 of the constitution prohibits the State from conferring any titles.
Which Article of the Indian constitution provides for the employer to give maternity benefits to its employees ?
Article 42 of the Indian Constitution has provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief. It comes under the Directive Principles of State Policy.
Article 19 of the Indian Constitution provides:
The right to freedom in Article 19 guarantees the following six freedoms: Freedom of speech and expression, which enable an individual to participate in public activities; Freedom to assemble peacefully without arms; Freedom to form associations or unions; Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India; Freedom to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India and freedom to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade or business.
Which Article of the Constitution of India abolishes untouchability and forbids its practice in any form ?
Article 17 of the constitution abolishes the practice of untouchability. Practice of untouchability is an offense and anyone doing so is punishable by law. The Untouchability Offences Act of 1955 (renamed to Protection of Civil Rights Act in 1976) provided penalties for preventing a person from entering a place of worship or from taking water from a tank or well.
How many schedules does the Constitution of India contain ?
Schedules are lists in the Constitution that categorize and tabulate bureaucratic activity and policy of the Government. First Schedule (Articles 1 and 4)- This lists the states and territories of India, lists any changes to their borders and the laws used to make that change. Twelfth Schedule (Article 243-W)- Municipalities (urban local government).
Article 17 of the Indian Constitution provides for
equality before law
equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
abolition of titles
abolition of untouchability
Article 17 of the constitution abolishes the practice of untouchability. Practice of untouchability is an offense and anyone doing so is punishable by law.
During emergency, imposed under Art. 352, which of the following Constitutional provisions stands suspended ?
Directive Principles of State Policy
National emergency under article 352 of the Indian Constitution is caused by war, external aggression or armed rebellion in the whole of India or a part of its territory. In such an emergency, Fundamental Rights of Indian citizens can be suspended. The six freedoms under Right to Freedom are automatically suspended. However, the Right to Life and Personal Liberty cannot be suspended according to the original Constitution. It modifies the federal system of government to a unitary one.
How many languages are contained in the Vlllth schedule of the Indian Constitution ?
The Eighth Schedule to the Indian Constitution contains a list of 22 scheduled languages. At the time the constitution was enacted, inclusion in this list meant that the language was entitled to representation on the Official Languages Commission, and that the language would be one of the bases that would be drawn upon to enrich Hindi, the official language of the Union. Via the 92nd Constitutional amendment 2003, 4 new languages - Bodo, Maithili, Dogri, and Santhali - were added to the 8th Schedule of the Indian Constitution.
What Constitutional provision enables the Central Government to provide reservations in jobs and educational institutions for the weaker sections of the society ?
Article 16 of the Constitution of India is a bundle of contradictions, as on the one hand it deals with equality of opportunity in matters of public employment, and, on the other, it enables the government to provide for reservation in public employment. Article 16 provides that there shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in the matters of employment or appointment to any office under the State. This Article also provides that no citizen shall be ineligible for any office or employment under the State on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth or any of them.
Under which Article of the Constitution can an Emergency be declared in India on account of war or external aggression ?
National emergency is caused by war, external aggression or armed rebellion in the whole of India or a part of its territory. Such an emergency was declared in India in 1962 (Indo-China war) ,1971 (Indo-Pakistan war), and 1975 (declared by Indira Gandhi to escape conviction). The President can declare such an emergency under Article 352 of the Constitution only on the basis of a written request by the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. Such a proclamation must be approved by the Parliament within one month. Such an emergency can be imposed for six months. It can be extended by six months by repeated parliamentary approval.
Which of the following sets of Articles deals with 'Emergency Provisions' ?
Articles 32 and 226
Articles 350 and 351
Articles 352, 356 and 360
Articles 335, 336 and 337
The Emergency Provisions are mentioned from Article 352 to Article 360 of the Indian Constitution. Article 352: Proclamation of Emergency - due to external intrusion or war; Article 356: Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in States; and Article 360: Provisions as to financial emergency.
What provision in the Constitution enabled the Central Government to impose the service tax and to expand its span ?
List I, Schedule VII
List III, Schedule VII
Residuary Powers under Article 248
Under the Residuary powers of legislation enumerated in Article 248 of the Indian Constitution, Parliament has exclusive power to make any law with respect to any matter not enumerated in the Concurrent List or State List. Such power shall include the power of making any law imposing a tax not mentioned in either of those Lists
Which Article of the Indian Constitution includes the Fundamental Duties of the Indian citizens?
Article 51A became a part of the Indian Constitution on December 18, 1976 by virtue of the Constitutional (Forty Second) Amendment Act 1976. The new Part IVA was titled as Fundamental Duties.
Article 1 of the Constitution declares India as
Union of States
Article 1 of the Constitution declares that India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States; the sates and the territories thereof shall be as specified in the First Schedule; and the territory of India shall comprise the territories of the States, the Union territories specified in the First Schedule; and such other territories as may be acquired.
Of the various grounds below, which is the one criterion on which discrimination by the State is not prohibited in Article 15 of the Constitution ?
Place of birth
Article 15 is about prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. It states that no citizen shall, on ground only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them, be subject to any disability, liability, restriction or condition with regard to: access to shops, public restaurants, hotels and places of public entertainment; or the use of wells, tanks, bathing ghats, roads and places of public resort maintained whole or partly out of State funds or dedicated to the use of general public.
Which among the following Articles of the Indian Constitution provides for State emergency and suspends constitutional arrangement in a State ?
President's rule is enabled by Article 356 of the Constitution of India, which gives authority to impose central rule if there has been failure of the constitutional machinery in any state of India. During President's Rule, a Governor appointed by the Central Government assumes executive authority. Since the governor is appointed by the President of India on the advice of the central government, the state's policies are controlled by the ruling party at the centre.
Under which article of Constitution does Jammu and Kashmir enjoys special constitutional position ?
Article - 124
Article - 170
In exercise of the powers conferred by clause (1) of article 370 of the Constitution, the President, with the concurrence of the Government of the State of Jammu and Kashmir made the Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 1954 which came into force on 14/5/1954. This article specifies that except for Defence, Foreign Affairs, Finance and Communications,(matters specified in the instrument of accession) the Indian Parliament needs the State Government's concurrence for applying all other laws. Thus the state's residents lived under a separate set of laws, including those related to citizenship, ownership of property, and fundamental rights, as compared to other Indians.
The design of the National Flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India in :
The Constitution of India was promulgated on January 26, 1950 because :
this day was being celebrated as the Independence Day since 1929
it was the wish of the framers of Constitution
the British did not want to leave India earlier than this date
it was an auspicious day