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SSC > History of India

Explore popular questions from History of India for SSC. This collection covers History of India previous year SSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

Q 1.

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Which battle did open the Delhi area to Muhammad Ghori ?

A

First Battle of Tarain

Second Battle of Tarain

C

Battle of Khanwa

D

First Battle of Panipat

Explanation

(2) In 1192, Ghori after returning to his capital Ghazni challenged Prithviraj at the Second Battle of Tarain where the latter was comprehensively beaten. The victory of Mohammad of Ghur was decisive, and laid the foundation of the Sultanate of Delhi.

Q 2.

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Who among the following was the last Delhi Sultan ?

A

Sikandar Lodi

B

Daulat Khan Lodi

C

Rana Sanga

Ibrahim Lodi

Explanation

(4) Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi (1517-1526) in the first Battle of Panipat and established the rule of Mughals.

Q 3.

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Chand Bibi the famous Muslim ruler belonged to which kingdom?

A

Bijapur

B

Golconda

Ahmednagar

D

Berar

Explanation

(3) Chand Bibi, also known as Chand Khatun or Chand Sultana, was an Indian Muslim woman warrior. She acted as the Regent of Bijapur and Regent of Ahmed-nagar. Chand Bibi is best known for defending Ahmed-nagar against the Mughal forces of Emperor Akbar.

Q 4.

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The Grand Trunk Road was built during the reign of which ruler?

Shershah Suri

B

Babar

C

Shah Jahan

D

Akbar

Explanation

(1) The Sadak-e-Azam ('great road') is universally recognized as having been the precursor of the Grand Trunk Road. The road was initially built by Sher Shah to connect Agra, his capital, with Sasaram, his hometown.

Q 5.

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The Bhakti cult spread in Maharashtra with the teaching of

A

Sant Tukaram

Sant Jnaneshwar

C

Samarth Guru Ramdas

D

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

Explanation

(2) Saint Jnaneshwar was a 13th century Maharashtrian Hindu saint, poet, philosopher and yogi of the Nath tradition whose works Bhavartha Deepika (a commentary on Bhagavad Gita, popularly known as "Dn-yaneshwari"), and Amrulanubhav are considered to be milestones in Marathi literature. He strongly advocated devotion guided by knowledge.

Q 6.

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Where is Gol Gumbaz, the largest dome in the world, situated?

A

Damascus

B

Istanbul

C

Cairo

Bijapur

Explanation

(4) Gol Gumbaz s the mausoleum of Mohammed Adil Shah, Sultan of Bijapur. The tomb, located in Bijapur, Karnataka in India, was completed in 1656 by the architect Yaqut of Dabul. Although "impressively simple in design", it is the "structural triumph of Deccan architecture".

Q 7.

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What is Gandhi's definition of Rama Raj ?

A

The rule as it was during the time of Rama

B

Sovereignty of the people based on pure moral authority

The greatest good of all

D

The absolute power concentrated in the hands of a king

Explanation

(3) In post-colonial India, Ram Rajya as a concept was first mooted by Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhiji announced that Ram Rajya would be brought once Independence arrived. When he was asked about the ideal state, he talked about Ram Rajya. By using the Ram Rajya slogan, Gandhiji implied an ideal Rajya where values of justice, equality, idealism, renunciation and sacrifice were practised. On the subject of Ram Rajya, Gandhi wrote on February 26, 1947, "Let no one commit the mistake of thinking that Ram Rajya means a rule of Hindus. My Ram is another name for Khuda or God. I want Khuda Raj which is the same thing as the Kingdom of God on Earth." Obviously this meant an ideal society where everybody follows a code of righteous living, lives content and happy and meet their essential needs. Ram Rajya according to many scholars meant that the state (Rajya) was the sole legitimate power, which imposes limits upon its exercise of power, either for the greater happiness of the people, or to evade a greater tyranny that could be caused by moral outrage or self-righteousness.

Q 8.

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The English established their first factory in India at

A

Bombay

Surat

C

Sutanati

D

Madras

Explanation

(2) The British presence in India dates back to the early part of the seventeenth century. On 31 December, 1600, Elizabeth, then the monarch of the United Kingdom, acceded to the demand of a large body of merchants that a royal charter be given to a new trading company, "The Governor and Company of Merchants of London, Trading into the East-Indies." Between 1601 and 1613, merchants of the East India Company took twelve voyages to India, and in 1609 William Hawkins arrived at the court of Jahangir to seek permission to establish a British presence in India. Hawkins was rebuffed by Jahangir, but Sir Thomas Roe, who presented himself before the Mughal Emperor in 1617, was rather more successful. Two years later, Roe gained Jahangir's permission to build a British factory in Surat, and in 1639, this was followed by the founding of Fort St. George (Madras).

Q 9.

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Who started the first English newspaper in India ?

A

Bal Gangadhar Tilak

B

Raj a Rammohan Roy

J.A. Hickey

D

Lord William Bentinck

Explanation

(3) The first major newspaper in India-The Bengal Gazette-was started in 1780 under the British Raj by James Augustus Hickey. Other newspapers such as The India Gazette, The Calcutta Gazette, The Madras Courier (1785), The Bombay Herald (1789) etc. soon followed. These newspapers carried news of the areas under the British rule. James Augustus Hicky was a highly eccentric Irishman. The paper ceased publication on March 23, 1782.

Q 10.

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The Governor-General of India who initiated the introduction of English in India was-

A

Lord Curzon

B

Lord Macaulay

Lord Bentinck

D

Lord Hastings

Explanation

(3) English education was officially introduced in India in 1835 by Governor-General William Bentinck. The English Education Act was a legislative Act of the Council of India in 1835 giving effect to a decision in 1835 by William Bentinck, 4th Duke of Portland, the then Governor-General of British India to reallocate funds the East India Company was required by the British Parliament to spend on education and literature in India.

Q 11.

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Motilal Nehru and Chittaranjan Das were the founder members of the

A

Communist Party of India

B

Forward Block

C

Socialist-Swaraj ist Party

Swarajya Party

Explanation

(4) The Swaraj Party, established as the Congress-Khilafat Swarajaya Party, was a political party formed in India in 1923 that sought greater self-government and political freedoms for the Indian people from the British Raj. It was inspired by the concept of Swaraj. In December 1922, Chittaranjan Das, Narasimha Chintaman Kelkar and Motilal Nehru formed the Con-gress-Khilafat Swaraj aya Party with Das as the president and Nehru as one of the secretaries. Other prominent leaders included Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy and Subhas Chandra Bose of Bengal, Vithalbhai Patel and other Congress leaders who were becoming dissatisfied with the Congress.

Q 12.

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Gandhi's inspiration for Civil Disobedience came from the writings of

Henry David Thoreau

B

David Ricardo

C

Henry Kissinger

D

Bertrand Russell

Explanation

(1) Resistance to Civil Government (Civil Disobedience) is an essay by American transcendentalist Heniy David Thoreau that was first published in 1849. In it, Tho-reau argues that individuals should not permit governments to overrule or atrophy their consciences, and that they have a duty to avoid allowing such acquiescence to enable the government to make them the agents of injustice. Indian independence leader Mohandas Gandhi (a.k.a. Mahatma Gandhi) was impressed by Thoreau's arguments.

Q 13.

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Who was the architect of North and South Blocks of the Central Secretariat in Delhi ?

Sir Edwin Lutyens

B

Herbert Bakers

C

Robert Tor Tussell

D

Antonin Raymond

Explanation

(1) Edwin Landseer Lutyens had originally intended the Kingsway (Rajpath ) to slope up to the Viceroy's palace. However, Herbert Baker, his colleague, felt it necessary to level the space between the two secretariat buildings, thus creating the great central vista called the North & South Block. The two secretariat buildings are raised on a plinth so as to be level with the Rashtrapati Bhavan. The secretariat buildings are now the offices of the Government of India. The Home affairs & Finance ministries are in the North Block and the Prime Minister's office, External Affairs Ministry and the Defence Ministry are in the South Block.

Q 14.

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In Afghanistan two towering Buddha statues were destroyed at

A

Kandahar

B

Yakaolong

Bamiyan

D

Mazar-i-Sharif

Explanation

(3) Buddhas of Bamiyan were two 6th century monumental statues of standing Buddha carved into the side of a cliff in the Bamyan valley in the Hazarajat region of central Afghanistan which were dynamited and destroyed in March 2001 by the Taliban, on orders from leader Mullah Mohammed Omar, after the Taliban government declared that they were idols. International opinion strongly condemned the destruction of the Buddhas, which was viewed as an example of the intolerance of the Taliban. Japan and Switzerland, among others, have pledged support for the rebuilding of the statues

Q 15.

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The second Battle of Panipat was fought between

Akbar and Hemu

B

Rajputs and Mughals

C

Babur and Ibrahim Lodi

D

Sikander and Adilshah

Explanation

(1) The Second Battle of Panipat was fought between the forces of Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, popularly called Hemu, the Hindu king who was ruling North India from Delhi, and the army of Akbar, on November 5, 1556. It was a decisive victory for Ak-bar's generals Khan Zaman I and Bairam Khan.

Q 16.

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Name the king who invaded Delhi and plundered the Kohinoor Diamond.

Nadir Shah

B

Firuz Shah

C

Mohammed Shah

D

Mohammed Ghori

Explanation

(1) Nadir Shah of Iran invaded India in 1739 and sacked Agra and Delhi. Along with the Peacock Throne, he also carried off the Koh-i Noor to Persia in 1739. It was allegedly Nadir Shah who exclaimed Koh-i Noor! when he finally managed to obtain the famous stone, and this is how the stone gained its present name. There is no reference to this name before 1739.

Q 17.

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Who was the advocate at the famous INA Trials ?

Bhulabhai Desai

B

Asaf Ali

C

Subhash Chandra Bose

D

C. Rajagopalachari

Explanation

(1) Bhulabhai Desai was an Indian freedom fighter and acclaimed lawyer. He is well-remembered for his defense of the three Indian National Army soldiers accused of treason during World War II, and for attempting to negotiate a secret power-sharing agreement with Liaquat Ali Khan of the Muslim League. When three captured Indian National Army (INA) officers, Shahnawaz Khan, Prem Kumar Sahgal and Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon were put on trial for treason, the Congress formed a Defence committee composed of 17 advocates including Bhulabhai Desai. The court-martial hearing began in October 1945 at the Red Fort. Bhulabhai was the leading counsel for the defense.

Q 18.

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Which is the tallest of all Medieval Indian temples ?

A

Kailasa Temple at Ellora

B

Sun Temple at Konark

C

Nilakantheswara Temple at Udaipur

Brihadeswara Temple at Tanjore

Explanation

(4) The Brihadeeswara Temple at Thanjavur in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva and a brilliant example of the major heights achieved by Cholas in Tamil architecture. The vimana or (temple tower) is 216 ft (66 m) high and is among the tallest of its kind in the world. Built in 1010 AD by Raja Raja Chola I in Thanjavur, Bri-hadeeswarar Temple, also popularly known as the 'Big Temple', turned 1000 years old in 2010.

Q 19.

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The founder of the Independent Sikh State was :

A

Guru Nanak

B

Guru Govind Singh

C

Dalip Singh

Ranjit Singh

Explanation

(4) Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the founder of the Sikh Empire, which came to power in the Indian subcontinent in the early half of the 19th century. The empire, based in the Punjab region, existed from 1799 to 1849. It was forged, on the foundations of the Khalsa, under the leadership of Maharaja Ranjit Singh from a collection of autonomous Sikh Misis.

Q 20.

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The remains of the Great Vijayanagar Empire can be found in

A

Bijapur

B

Golconda

Hampi

D

Baroda

Explanation

(3) Hampi is located within the ruins of Vijayanagara, the former capital of the Vijayanagara Empire. Predating the city of Vijayanagara, it continues to be an important religious centre, housing the Virupaksha Temple, as well as several other monuments belonging to the old city. The ruins are a UNESCO World Heritage Site, listed as the Group of Monuments at Hampi.

Q 21.

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Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque was built by

Qutub-ud-din Aibak

B

Alauddin Khilji

C

Iltutmish

D

Mohammad Adilshah

Explanation

(1) Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque (Might of Islam) (also known as the Qutub Mosque or the Great Mosque of Delhi) was built by Qutb-ud-din Aibak, founder of the Mamluk or Slave dynasty. It was the first mosque built in Delhi after the Islamic conquest of India and the oldest surviving example of Ghurids architecture in Indian subcontinent.

Q 22.

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To take care of the conquered lands, Mohmmad Ghori left behind his trusted General

A

Nasiruddin

B

Iltutmish

Qutbuddin Aibak

D

Malik Kafur

Explanation

(3) After the Second Battle of Tarain and the foundation of Muslim rule in India, Muhammad Ghori returned west to Ghazni to deal with the threat to his western frontiers from the unrest in Iran, but he appointed Qutb-ud-din Aybak as his regional governor for northern India. His armies, mostly under Turkic generals, continued to advance through northern India, raiding as far east as Bengal. Aibak ransacked Ayodhya temples in 1193, followed by his conquest of Delhi.

Q 23.

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Name the language that was designated as the 'Camp Language' during the Medieval Period

A

Sanskrit

B

Pali

C

Hindi

Urdu

Explanation

(4) Urdu means "(military) camp" in the Hindustani language, from Turkish ordu meaning "army"; and Urdu language was the language of the camp when Nader Shah of Persia (now Iran) invaded India. The language went by several names over the years: Hindawi or Hindi, "[language] of India"; Dehlavi "of Delhi"; Hindustani, "of Hindustan"; and Zaban-e-Urdu, "the language of the [army] camp", from which came the current name of Urdu around the year 1800.

Q 24.

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The Delhi Sultan who fell to his death while playing polo was

Qutbuddin Aibak

B

Alauddin Khilji

C

Feroz Shah Tughlaq

D

Ghiasuddin Tughlaq

Explanation

(1) Qutb-ud-din Aibak was the first Sultan of Delhi and founder of the Ghulam dynasty (Mamluk Sultanate) of India. He ruled for only four years, from 1206 to 1210 AD. He died while playing polo in Lahore.

Q 25.

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Who was the first woman President of Congress ?

Mrs. Annie Besant

B

Mrs. Sarojini Naidu

C

Mrs. Nellie Sengupta

D

Aruna Asaf Ali

Explanation

(1) Annie Besant was a prominent British socialist, Theosophist, women's rights activist, writer and orator and supporter of Irish and Indian self rule. When World War I broke out in 1914 she helped launch the Home Rule League to campaign for democracy in India and dominion status within the Empire as a result of which she became the first woman President of the Indian National Congress at its Calcutta session in 1917.