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SSC > Geography Of India

Explore popular questions from Geography Of India for SSC. This collection covers Geography Of India previous year SSC questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

Q 1.

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The State with highest production of wheat in year 2012-13 is

A

West Bengal

B

Tamil Nadu

Uttar Pradesh

D

Haryana

Explanation

Uttar Pradesh was the state with highest production of wheat during 2012-13. It produced 30301.942 (in thousand tonnes) of wheat during the year. It retained its prime status even during 2013-14.

Q 2.

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The blue revolution is related with

Fish production

B

Food grain production

C

Oil seed production

D

Milk production

Explanation

Blue Revolution is the water equivalent of the green revolution and primarily refers to the management of water resources, especially fish production. The Blue Revolution envisages transformation of the fisheries sector with increased investment, better training and development of infrastructure.

Q 3.

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Which one of the following States produces the maximum manganese in India ?

A

Madhya Pradesh

B

Andhra Pradesh

C

Uttar Pradesh

Orissa

Explanation

The metallic manganese on earth is rated as the 12th most abundant element in the lithosphere, estimated around 28.46 x{tex}10^{18}{/tex} tonnes or so i.e., 0.1087% by proportion of weight. Thus it almost becomes a scarce one, so far as its deposits are concerned. Industrially manganese metal is a vital component of steel and its major use is for metallurgical purpose. The 96% of global production of manganese today is from barely 7 countries viz. CIS, RSA, Brazil, Gabon, Australia, China and India in decreasing order of tonnages raised annually. Orissa occupies second place in terms of reserves and first place in respect of manganese production in the country. In Orissa bulk of the manganese ore production comes from Keonjhar, Sundargarh, Koraput. Kalahandi and Bolangir districts, where it is associated with quartzite, garnet and schist.

Q 4.

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Which State in India is estimated to have the largest coal reserves in India?

A

Andhra Pradesh

Bihar (including the newly created Jharkhand)

C

Madhya Pradesh (including the newly created Ch-hat-tisgarh)

D

Orissa

Explanation

India has some of the largest reserves of coal in the world (approx. 267 billion tonnes). The energy derived from coal in India is about twice that of energy derived from oil, whereas worldwide, energy derived from coal is about 30% less than energy derived from oil. India has some of the largest coal reserves in the world (approx. ... Most of these are in the states of Jharkhand, Orissa, West Bengal, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, etc. Jharkhand the largest coal reserves in India. As per the Coal ministry, Jharkhand has proven reserves of 39,480,000 tonnes and indicated and inferred reserves amounting to another 37,232,000 tonnes, taking the total to 76,712,000 tonnes. It is followed by Orissa with a total of 65,227 tonnes reserves.

Q 5.

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Which State in India is the leading producer of Sulphur?

A

Assam

Maharashtra

C

Punjab

D

Tamil Nadu

Explanation

Sulphur is a non-metallic chemical element identified by the letter S. For a list of sulphur's chemical properties, please click here. Sulphur is a valuable commodity and integral component of the world economy used to manufacture numerous products including fertilizers and other chemicals. Maharashtra is the leading producer of sulphur in India.

Q 6.

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Which State of India has the largest reserves of monazite, with a high thorium content ?

Kerala

B

Karnataka

C

Gujarat

D

Maharashtra

Explanation

Monazite is a reddish-brown phosphate mineral containing rare earth metals. It occurs usually in small isolated crystals. Monazite is an important ore for thorium, lanthanum, and cerium. It is often found in placer deposits. The deposits in India are particularly rich in monazite. The DAE expects to gather at least a million tonnes of thorium from the beaches of Kerala and Orissa, which hold 70 per cent-plus of India's estimated monazite reserve of 18 million tonnes.

Q 7.

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Which Indian State is not known to produce tea ?

A

Assam

B

Kerala

C

West Bengal

Chhattisgarh

Explanation

The tea producing areas of India are: Assam, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka. The Largest state with area under Tea Plantations in India is Assam, followed by West Bengal and Tamil Nadu.

Q 8.

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Which State is the largest producer of pulses in India ?

A

Bihar

B

Rajasthan

Madhya Pradesh

D

Maharashtra

Explanation

The top producer of pulses in India is the state of Madhya Pradesh. It contributes about 24% of the overall pulses production of the nation.

Q 9.

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Endosulfan spray on cashew crop resulted in the pollution to the tune of tragedy in :

Kerala

B

Andhra Pradesh

C

Karnataka

D

Tamil Nadu

Explanation

Kasargod, a northern district of Kerala, has recently been ill-famous for Endosulfan spray on cashew crop. The spray of this banned chemical was reported to have led congenital abnormalities, mental retardness and cancer in the local population.

Q 10.

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The most ideal region for the cultivation of coffee in India is the

A

Indo-Gangetic Valley

B

Brahmaputra Valley

C

Rann of Kutch

Deccan Plateau

Explanation

The Deccan Plateau is ideally suited for coffee cultivation in India. Coffee is grown in three regions of India with Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu forming the traditional coffee growing region of South India. These three states produce almost the entire coffee grown in India.

Q 11.

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The largest producer of Lac in India is

A

Chhattisgarh

Jharkhand

C

West Bengal

D

Gujarat

Explanation

The leading producer of lac is Jharkhand, followed by the Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, and Maharashtra. Lac is the scarlet resinous secretion of a number of species of lac insects, of which the most commonly cultivated species is Kerria lacca.

Q 12.

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Which one of the following States produces the largest amount of spices ?

A

Kerala

B

Assam

Karnataka

D

Jammu & Kashmir

Explanation

The major spice producing states of India are Gujarat (18 per cent), Andhra Pradesh (14 per cent), Rajasthan (11 per cent), Madhya Pradesh (8 per cent) and Karnataka (6 per cent). Spice production in India is currently estimated at 5.7 million tonnes from an area of about 3.2 million hectares.

Q 13.

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Kerala is famous for the cultivation of
1. Coconut
2. Black-pepper
3. Rubber
4. Rice

1, 2 and 3

B

1, 2 and 4

C

2, 3 and 4

D

1 and 4

Explanation

Kerala is a major producer of commercial plantation crops like coconut, rubber, pepper, cardamom, ginger, cashewnut, arecanut, coffee, etc. 'Kerala' literally means the land of coconut palms. Bulk of India's coconut production comes from Kerala. Similarly, it is the largest producer of pepper and natural rubber in India.

Q 14.

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Which State called the 'Rice-Bowl' of India ?

A

Kerala

B

Karnataka

Andhra Pradesh

D

Tamil Nadu

Explanation

Andhra Pradesh is called the 'Rice Bowl of India'.

Q 15.

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Among the following districts of Tamil Nadu, which district is unfit for cultivation due to increased salinity :

A

Coimbatore

B

Tiruchirapalli

Nagapattinam

D

Ramanathapuram

Explanation

The Nagapattinam district of Tamil Nadu was badly affected by tsunami in December 2004. It caused great damage to a large number of agricultural lands in the coastal areas, making them sodic. Large tracts of agricultural lands along with the standing crops were destroyed and became unfit for cultivation due to influx of sea water. The district is marked by highly saline condition in which no paddy crop can be cultivated unless the entire soil is flushed with fresh water and gypsum. Besides, aquaculture activity has also led to the dispersion of salt into land area inland making them saline and unfit for any other agricultural purpose.

Q 16.

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At the time of independence, predominantly India practised

Subsistence agriculture

B

Mixed farming

C

Plantation agriculture

D

Shifting agriculture

Explanation

At the time of independence, Indian farmers practised subsistence agriculture, only producing enough to feed themselves. Since India's independence, food and cash crop supply has greatly improved with the initiation of the Green Revolution in the 1960s.

Q 17.

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The most important uranium mine of India is located at:

A

Manavalakurichi

B

Gauribidanur

C

Vashi

Jaduguda

Explanation

The Jaduguda Mine is a uranium mine in Jadugu-da village in the Purbi Singhbhum district of the Indian state of Jharkhand. It commenced operation in 1967 and was the first uranium mine in India. The deposits at this main were discovered in 1951. As of March 2012 India only possesses two functional uranium mines, including the Jaduguda Mine.

Q 18.

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Gujarat is the largest producer of salt in India because

It has extensive dry coast

B

Its coastal waters are very saline

C

It has extensive shallow seas

D

Besides producing salt from saline water, it has reserves of rock salt

Explanation

Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Rajasthan are surplus Salt producing States accounting for about 96 per cent of the country's production. Gujarat contributes 76 per cent to the total production, followed by Tamil Nadu (12 %) and Rajasthan (8%). The rest 4% production comes from Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Karnataka, West Bengal, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Diu & Daman. The main sources of salt in India are sea brine, lake brine, sub-soil brine and rock salt deposits. Sea water is an inexhaustible source of salt. Gujarat is blessed with the longest coastline of 1600 km. in India, offering important resources such as salt and marine products for industry. Close to 60% of this is produced in Little Rann of Kutch. Little Rann of Kutch is a 5183 sq.km land mass having dual characteristics of saline desert and wetland.

Q 19.

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The most ideal region for the cultivation of cotton in India is

A

The Brahmaputra Valley

The Deccan Plateau

C

The Indo Gangetic Valley

D

The Rann of Kutch

Explanation

Deccan plateau is considered as the most ideal region for the cultivation of cotton in India. The lava soil of Deccan plateau is world renowned for cotton production and is popularly known as the black cotton soil. This is especially true of the central part of Deccan plateau, comprising Maharashtra, parts of Gujarat and Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.

Q 20.

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Which of the following statements is correct ?

A

Natural gas is found in Dharwar rock formation

Mica is found in Kodarma

C

Cuddapah series is famous for diamonds

D

Petroleum reserves are found in Aravali hills

Explanation

The British Geological Survey reported that as of 2005, Kodarma district in Jharkhand state in India had the largest deposits of mica in the world. China was the top producer of mica with almost a third of the global share, closely followed by the US, South Korea and Canada.

Q 21.

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Singhbhum is famous for

A

Coal

Iron

C

Copper

D

Aluminium

Explanation

Singhbhum was sometime a large district in the present-day Indian state of Bihar. Chaibasa was the district headquarters of the erstwhile Singhbhum district. Singhbhum is known for its iron ore deposits and it provides for the iron ore requirements of the IISCO steel plants located at Hirapur, Kulti and Burnpur.

Q 22.

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Which Indian State is the leading cotton producer ?

Gujarat

B

Maharashtra

C

Andhra Pradesh

D

Madhya Pradesh

Explanation

Gujarat is the leading cotton growing state while Maharashtra devotes the largest area to cotton cultivation in the country. With an estimated 4 million farms, India has the largest area devoted to cotton production in the world.

Q 23.

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Where has the Geological Survey of India located most of India's Chromite ?

Cuttack

B

Singhbhum

C

Manipur

D

Hubli

Explanation

Over 97 per cent of total recoverable reserves of chromite have been found in Odisha. Orissa is the leading producing State of chromite, accounting for 99% of the total production. Production of chromite in Karnataka, Maharashtra accounts for the remaining 1% production. Chromite deposits of Sukinda and Nausahi ultramafic belt of Orissa constitutes 95% of the country's chromite resources. Here chromite occurs as concentration and disseminations in the ultramafic rocks, in the form of lenses, pockets, thin seams and stringers. Sukinda, Sarubali and Sukran-gi are all located in Cuttack district.

Q 24.

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The highest waterfall of the world is :

A

Niagara Falls

B

Boyoma Falls

Salto Angel Fals

D

Khone Falls

Q 25.

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The length of India's coastline is about :

A

5900 km

B

6100 km

C

7000 km

7500 km