The lowest common denominator of the Indian culture today is
Songs of Vividh Bharati
PASSAGE-I What one wonders, is the lowest common denominator of Indian culture today. The attractive Hema Malini! The songs of Vividh Bharati! Or the mouth-watering Masala Dosa! Delectable as these may be, each yields pride of place to that false symbol of a new era-the synthetic fibre. In less than twenty years, the nylon sari and the terylene shirt have swept the countryside, penetrated to the farthest corners of the land and persuaded every common man, woman and child that the key to success in the present day world lies in artificial fibres : glass nylon, crepe nylon, tery mixes, polysters and what have you. More than the bicycles, the wristwatch or the transistor radio, synthetic clothes have come to represent the first step awayfrom the village square. The village lass treasures the flashy nylon sari in her trousseau most dearly; the village youth gets a great kick out of his cheap terrycot shirt and trousers, the nearest he can approximate to the expensive synthetic sported by his wealthy citybred contemporaries. And the Neo-rich craze for ‘phoren'is nowhere more apparent than in the price that people will pay for smuggled, stolen, begged, borrowed secondhand or thrown away synthetics. Alas, even the unique richness of the traditional tribal costume is being fast eroded by the deadening uniformity of nylon.
The lowest common denominator of the Indian culture today is
songs of Vividh Bharati
The synthetic fibre has
always been popular in India.
become popular during the last twenty years.
never been popular in India.
been as popular as other kinds of fibre.
become popular during the last twenty years
The termNeo-rich means
the newly rich people.
the common people.
the newly rich people
The tone of the passage is
PASSAGE-II Most people who bother with the matter at all would admit that the English language is in a bad way, but it is generally assumed that we cannot by conscious action do anything about it. Our civilization is decadent and our lan-guage—so the argument runs—must inevitably share in the general collapse. It follows that any struggle against the abuse of language is a sentimental archaism, like preferring candles to electric light or handsome cabs to aeroplanes. Underneath this lies the half-conscious belief that language is a natural growth and not an instrument which we shape for our own purposes. Now it is clear that the decline of a language must ultimately have political and economic causes : it is not simply due to the bad influence of this or that individual writer. But an effect can become a cause, reinforcing the original cause and producing the same effect in an intensified form, and so on indefinitely. A man may take to drink because he feels himself to be a failure, and then fails all the more completely because he drinks. It is rather the same thing that is happening to the English language. It becomes ugly and inaccurate because our thoughts are foolish, but the slovenliness of our language makes it easier for us to have foolish thoughts. The point is that the process is reversible. Modern English, especially written English, is full of bad habits which spread by imitation and which can be avoided if one is willing to take the necessary trouble. If one gets rid of these habits, one can think more clearly, and to think clearly is a necessary first step towards political regeneration : so that the fight against bad English is not frivolous and is not the exclusive concern of professional writers.
Many people believe that nothing can be done about the English language because
bad habits spread by imitation.
we live in a decadent civilization.
there are too many bad writers.
people are too lazy to change their bad habits.
people are too lazy to change their bad habits
The author believes that
English is becoming ugly.
bad language habits are inevitable.
our thoughts are becoming uglier because we are making the language uglier.
our civilization is decadent so nothing can be done to stop the decline of the language.
our thoughts are becoming uglier because we are making the language uglier
The achievement of science in the twentieth century has been very great. Its influence can be felt in every sphere of life. From the small pins and needles to the huge iron sheets and joints, most of the things we require for our everyday use, come out of factories where scientific principles are utilized for practical ends. Science has enabled man to bring forces of nature under control and to use them for his own advantage. It has brought the distant parts of the world close together. Our knowledge of the universe has been much widened on account of the untiring efforts of the astronomers like Jeans and Eddington. Remarkable cures of human diseases have been possible owing to the discovery of some wonderful medicines.
The main idea of the passage is
the impact of science can be felt in every sphere of life
science is an anathema
nothing is beyond the purview of science
science can work miracles
The impact of science can be felt in every sphere of life
The .. of fish yeilds nourishing oil.
are made from vegetable, animal products and the oils of certain flowers.
According to the passage, we need vacations now more than ever because we have
a more carefree nature
much more free time
little diversity in our work
a higher standard of living
a more carefree nature
The contemporary attitude towards vacations is best expressed by which of the following proverbs ?
A penny saved is penny earned.
The devil finds work for idle hands.
All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.
Many hands make light work.
All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy
In an effort to produce the largest, fastest and most luxurious ship afloat, the British built the S.S. Titanic. It was so superior to anything else on the seas that it was dubbed ‘unsinkable'. So sure of this were the owners that they provided only twenty life boats and rafts, less than one-half the number needed for the 2, 227 passengers on board. Many passengers were aboard the night it rammed an iceberg only two days at sea and more than halfway between England and its New-York destination. Because the luxury liner was travelling so fast, it was impossible to avoid the ghostly looking iceberg. An unextinguished fire also contributed to the ship's submersion. Panic increased the number of casualties as people jumped into the icy water or fought to be among the few to board the life boats. Four hours after the mishap, another ship, the ‘Carpathia', rescued 705 survivors. The infamous S. S. Titanic had enjoyed only two days of sailing glory on its maiden voyage in 1912 before plunging into 12, 000 feet of water near the coast of Newfoundland where it lies today.
All of the following are true except that
Only a third of those aboard perished
The Carpathia rescued the survivors
The S.S. Titanic sank near Newfoundland
The S.S. Titanic was the fastest ship afloat in 1912
only a third of those aboard perished
All of the following contributed to the large death toll except
Directions (36-45) : You have two brief passages with 5 questions following each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives. PASSAGE-I The Printing Press has made knowledge available to the vast multitude of people-Pray, what kind of knowledge is it ? Is it of any permanent character ? Books have become common and, when we say that books like the Sexton Blake series sell like hot cakes, we have an index of the nature of knowledge which a typical person in a vast multitude seeks. Let me tell you of an incident that took place in America a few years ago. An American publisher printed a million copies of the works of Charles Dickens in the hope that he could easily sell them on the name of the author. But to his disappointment, not even the widest publicity and advertisement could enable him to sell the books. Being sorely tired, he hit on a plan. He tore off the cover pages, substituted covers containing sensational love headings for the titles and again advertised the new books. In a week, all the books were sold out. We are not con cerned here with the moral of the bookseller's action. What we have to note is that only books of a sensational type are really sought for by the ordinary folk who have a great aversion to serious study. So, you will see that the grand argument that the Printing Press has made knowledge available even to the masses is certainly fallacious and quite misleading. To put it correctly, it has created a taste for a low order of books.
Sexton Blake series are big sellers because they
satisfy a typically serious reader.
The author's contention makes us feel that he
is unilateral in his argument.
is a typical critic.
Who is Charles Dickens ?
An epic poet.
A short story writer.
A novelist. PASSAGE-II Our awareness of time has reached such a pitch of intensity that we suffer acutely whenever our travels take us into some corner of the world where people are not interested in minutes and seconds. The unpunctuality of the orient, for example is appalling to those who come freshly from a land of fixed meal-times and regular train services. For a modern American or Englishman, waiting is a psychological torture. An Indian accepts the blank hours with resignation, even with satisfaction. He has not lost the fine art of doing nothing. Our notion of time as a collection of minutes, each of which must be filled with some business or amusement, is wholly alien to the Greek. For the man who lives in a pre-industrial world, time moves at a slow and easy pace; he does not care about each minute, for the good reason that he has not been made conscious of the existence of minutes.
What is the main theme of the passage ?
Concept of time in pre-industrial world.
The Greek concept of time.
Awareness of time in the modern industrial world.
The orientals and their awareness of time.
Awareness of time in the modern industrial world
are neither beneficial nor harmful to animals they are with.
benefit at the expense of the animals they live with.
are beneficial to the animals they live with.
harm the animals they live with.
benefit at the expense of the animals they live with
Directions (81-90) : You have two brief passages with five questions following each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
PASSAGE-I Power and possession have been central pursuits of modern civilisation for a long time. They blocked out or distorted other features of the western renaissance (revival) which promised so much for humanity. What people have been and are still being taught to prize are money, success, control over the lives of others, acquisition of more and more objects. Modern social, political, and economic systems, whether capitalist, fascist or communist, reject in their working the basic principle that the free and creative unfoldment of every man, woman and child is the true measure of the worth of any society. Such unfoldment requires understanding and imagination, integrity and compassion, cooperation among people and harmony between the human species and the rest of nature. Acquisitiveness and the pursuit of power have made the modern man an aggressor against everything that is non-human; an exploiter and oppressor of those who are poor, meek and unorganised; a pathological type which hates and distrusts the world and suffers from both acute loneliness and false pride.
The author appears to be advocating which of the following approaches to be adopted by society.