The English established their first factory in India at
(2) The British presence in India dates back to the early part of the seventeenth century. On 31 December, 1600, Elizabeth, then the monarch of the United Kingdom, acceded to the demand of a large body of merchants that a royal charter be given to a new trading company, "The Governor and Company of Merchants of London, Trading into the East-Indies." Between 1601 and 1613, merchants of the East India Company took twelve voyages to India, and in 1609 William Hawkins arrived at the court of Jahangir to seek permission to establish a British presence in India. Hawkins was rebuffed by Jahangir, but Sir Thomas Roe, who presented himself before the Mughal Emperor in 1617, was rather more successful. Two years later, Roe gained Jahangir's permission to build a British factory in Surat, and in 1639, this was followed by the founding of Fort St. George (Madras).
Who among the following was the last Delhi Sultan ?
Daulat Khan Lodi
(4) Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi (1517-1526) in the first Battle of Panipat and established the rule of Mughals.
What is Gandhi's definition of Rama Raj ?
The rule as it was during the time of Rama
Sovereignty of the people based on pure moral authority
The greatest good of all
The absolute power concentrated in the hands of a king
(3) In post-colonial India, Ram Rajya as a concept was first mooted by Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhiji announced that Ram Rajya would be brought once Independence arrived. When he was asked about the ideal state, he talked about Ram Rajya. By using the Ram Rajya slogan, Gandhiji implied an ideal Rajya where values of justice, equality, idealism, renunciation and sacrifice were practised. On the subject of Ram Rajya, Gandhi wrote on February 26, 1947, "Let no one commit the mistake of thinking that Ram Rajya means a rule of Hindus. My Ram is another name for Khuda or God. I want Khuda Raj which is the same thing as the Kingdom of God on Earth." Obviously this meant an ideal society where everybody follows a code of righteous living, lives content and happy and meet their essential needs. Ram Rajya according to many scholars meant that the state (Rajya) was the sole legitimate power, which imposes limits upon its exercise of power, either for the greater happiness of the people, or to evade a greater tyranny that could be caused by moral outrage or self-righteousness.
Chand Bibi the famous Muslim ruler belonged to which kingdom?
(3) Chand Bibi, also known as Chand Khatun or Chand Sultana, was an Indian Muslim woman warrior. She acted as the Regent of Bijapur and Regent of Ahmed-nagar. Chand Bibi is best known for defending Ahmed-nagar against the Mughal forces of Emperor Akbar.
The Grand Trunk Road was built during the reign of which ruler?
(1) The Sadak-e-Azam ('great road') is universally recognized as having been the precursor of the Grand Trunk Road. The road was initially built by Sher Shah to connect Agra, his capital, with Sasaram, his hometown.
Who started the first English newspaper in India ?
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Raj a Rammohan Roy
Lord William Bentinck
(3) The first major newspaper in India-The Bengal Gazette-was started in 1780 under the British Raj by James Augustus Hickey. Other newspapers such as The India Gazette, The Calcutta Gazette, The Madras Courier (1785), The Bombay Herald (1789) etc. soon followed. These newspapers carried news of the areas under the British rule. James Augustus Hicky was a highly eccentric Irishman. The paper ceased publication on March 23, 1782.
The Bhakti cult spread in Maharashtra with the teaching of
Samarth Guru Ramdas
(2) Saint Jnaneshwar was a 13th century Maharashtrian Hindu saint, poet, philosopher and yogi of the Nath tradition whose works Bhavartha Deepika (a commentary on Bhagavad Gita, popularly known as "Dn-yaneshwari"), and Amrulanubhav are considered to be milestones in Marathi literature. He strongly advocated devotion guided by knowledge.
The Governor-General of India who initiated the introduction of English in India was-
(3) English education was officially introduced in India in 1835 by Governor-General William Bentinck. The English Education Act was a legislative Act of the Council of India in 1835 giving effect to a decision in 1835 by William Bentinck, 4th Duke of Portland, the then Governor-General of British India to reallocate funds the East India Company was required by the British Parliament to spend on education and literature in India.
Motilal Nehru and Chittaranjan Das were the founder members of the
Communist Party of India
Socialist-Swaraj ist Party
(4) The Swaraj Party, established as the Congress-Khilafat Swarajaya Party, was a political party formed in India in 1923 that sought greater self-government and political freedoms for the Indian people from the British Raj. It was inspired by the concept of Swaraj. In December 1922, Chittaranjan Das, Narasimha Chintaman Kelkar and Motilal Nehru formed the Con-gress-Khilafat Swaraj aya Party with Das as the president and Nehru as one of the secretaries. Other prominent leaders included Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy and Subhas Chandra Bose of Bengal, Vithalbhai Patel and other Congress leaders who were becoming dissatisfied with the Congress.
Where is Gol Gumbaz, the largest dome in the world, situated?
(4) Gol Gumbaz s the mausoleum of Mohammed Adil Shah, Sultan of Bijapur. The tomb, located in Bijapur, Karnataka in India, was completed in 1656 by the architect Yaqut of Dabul. Although "impressively simple in design", it is the "structural triumph of Deccan architecture".
Which battle did open the Delhi area to Muhammad Ghori ?
First Battle of Tarain
Second Battle of Tarain
Battle of Khanwa
First Battle of Panipat
(2) In 1192, Ghori after returning to his capital Ghazni challenged Prithviraj at the Second Battle of Tarain where the latter was comprehensively beaten. The victory of Mohammad of Ghur was decisive, and laid the foundation of the Sultanate of Delhi.
Who was the architect of North and South Blocks of the Central Secretariat in Delhi ?
Sir Edwin Lutyens
Robert Tor Tussell
(1) Edwin Landseer Lutyens had originally intended the Kingsway (Rajpath ) to slope up to the Viceroy's palace. However, Herbert Baker, his colleague, felt it necessary to level the space between the two secretariat buildings, thus creating the great central vista called the North & South Block. The two secretariat buildings are raised on a plinth so as to be level with the Rashtrapati Bhavan. The secretariat buildings are now the offices of the Government of India. The Home affairs & Finance ministries are in the North Block and the Prime Minister's office, External Affairs Ministry and the Defence Ministry are in the South Block.
In Afghanistan two towering Buddha statues were destroyed at
(3) Buddhas of Bamiyan were two 6th century monumental statues of standing Buddha carved into the side of a cliff in the Bamyan valley in the Hazarajat region of central Afghanistan which were dynamited and destroyed in March 2001 by the Taliban, on orders from leader Mullah Mohammed Omar, after the Taliban government declared that they were idols. International opinion strongly condemned the destruction of the Buddhas, which was viewed as an example of the intolerance of the Taliban. Japan and Switzerland, among others, have pledged support for the rebuilding of the statues
Who among the following Rajput kings defeated Muhammad Ghori for the first time ?
(2) The battle of Kayadara, Gujarat (1178) was a defeat suffered by Muhammad of Ghor during his first campaign against a Indian ruler in India. Gujarat was ruled by the young Indian ruler Bhimdev Solanki II (ruled 1178-1241), although the age of the Rajameant that the army was commanded by his mother Naikidevi. Muhammad's army had suffered greatly during the march across the desert, and Naikidevi inflicted a major defeat on him at the village of Kayadara (near to Mount Abu, about forty miles to the north-east of Anhilwara).
When is the Independence Day of Pakistan celebrated ?
(4) The modem state of Pakistan was established on 14 August 1947 in the eastern and northwestern regions of British India, where there was a Muslim majority. It comprised the provinces of Balochistan, East Bengal, the North-West Frontier Province, West Punjab and Sindh. From 1947 to 1956, Pakistan was a dominion in the Commonwealth of Nations under two monarchs. In 1947, King George VI relinquished the title of Emperor of India and became King of Pakistan. He retained that title until his death on 6 February 1952, after which Queen Elizabeth II became Queen of Pakistan. She retained that title until Pakistan became an Islamic and Parliamentary republic in 1956.
Who was the advocate at the famous INA Trials ?
Subhash Chandra Bose
(1) Bhulabhai Desai was an Indian freedom fighter and acclaimed lawyer. He is well-remembered for his defense of the three Indian National Army soldiers accused of treason during World War II, and for attempting to negotiate a secret power-sharing agreement with Liaquat Ali Khan of the Muslim League. When three captured Indian National Army (INA) officers, Shahnawaz Khan, Prem Kumar Sahgal and Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon were put on trial for treason, the Congress formed a Defence committee composed of 17 advocates including Bhulabhai Desai. The court-martial hearing began in October 1945 at the Red Fort. Bhulabhai was the leading counsel for the defense.
Which is the tallest of all Medieval Indian temples ?
Kailasa Temple at Ellora
Sun Temple at Konark
Nilakantheswara Temple at Udaipur
Brihadeswara Temple at Tanjore
(4) The Brihadeeswara Temple at Thanjavur in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva and a brilliant example of the major heights achieved by Cholas in Tamil architecture. The vimana or (temple tower) is 216 ft (66 m) high and is among the tallest of its kind in the world. Built in 1010 AD by Raja Raja Chola I in Thanjavur, Bri-hadeeswarar Temple, also popularly known as the 'Big Temple', turned 1000 years old in 2010.
The innovator of the Revenue settlement during the rule of Akbar was
Raja Bhagwan Das
(3) RajaTodar Mal was a warrior, an able administrator and an exemplary finance minister. He was one of the 'Navratnas' of Akbar's court. He introduced an excellent land revenue system. In 1582, the title Diwan-I- Ashraf was bestowed upon him by the Emperor.
The second Battle of Panipat was fought between
Akbar and Hemu
Rajputs and Mughals
Babur and Ibrahim Lodi
Sikander and Adilshah
(1) The Second Battle of Panipat was fought between the forces of Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, popularly called Hemu, the Hindu king who was ruling North India from Delhi, and the army of Akbar, on November 5, 1556. It was a decisive victory for Ak-bar's generals Khan Zaman I and Bairam Khan.
The founder of the Independent Sikh State was :
Guru Govind Singh
(4) Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the founder of the Sikh Empire, which came to power in the Indian subcontinent in the early half of the 19th century. The empire, based in the Punjab region, existed from 1799 to 1849. It was forged, on the foundations of the Khalsa, under the leadership of Maharaja Ranjit Singh from a collection of autonomous Sikh Misis.
Which of the following statements best explains the nature of revolt of 1857 ?
The last effort of the old political order to regain power.
Mutiny of a section of sepoys of the British Army
A struggle of the common people to overthrow common rule
An effort to establish a limited Indian nation
(1) Till the end of the 19th century, the British officials continued to look upon the rebellion primarily as a 'sepoy mutiny'. But, another British tendency was to look upon the event as a 'Muslim' reaction. Upon this view, British had taken over power from the Muslims who made the last consolidated effort to regain their lost power and glory through the revolt of 1857. Thus 'sepoy mutiny' and 'Muslim reaction' were the main components of the way in which the British chose to understand the reality of 1857.
The first Viceroy of India was
(1) Charles John Canning, known as The Viscount Canning from 1837 to 1859, was an English statesman and Governor-General of India during the Indian Rebellion of 1857. In 1858 he was rewarded by being made the first Viceroy of India. In April 1859 he received the thanks of both Houses of Parliament for his great services during the rebellion. He was also made an extra civil grand cross of the Order of the Bath, and in May of the same year he was raised to the dignity of an Earl, as Earl Canning.
'Poorna Swaraj' (Complete Independence) was declared to be the goal of the Indian National Congress in its Session of
(2) The annual session of Indian National Congress was held on the banks of river Ravi at Lahore in December 1929. Pt. Jawahar Lai Nehru was the Congress President. The place where this session held was named as the Lajpat Rai Nagar. Nehru drafted the Indian declaration of independence.
The Sultan who described himself as The Second Alexander' (Sikander -i- Sani) was
Muhammad bin Tughluq
(2) Ala-ud-din Khilji described himself as the Second Alexander on his own. He dreamt of founding a worldwide empire, which is depicted in his era's coinage.
Land Revenue under Tipu-
was mainly collected through revenue officers.
was mainly collected by Government officials appointed by Tipu
was collected by interme-di-aries
was not allowed to go into the hands of Sultan
(2) Tipu Sultan while managing his land revenue system introduced the system of collecting the rent in cash. Farming out the land was abolished and the state undertook the task of collecting the tax directly from the peasants. State officers were strictly instructed not to harass the ryots (peasants or cultivators of the soil). They were not to interfere in their daily affairs except at the time of collecting taxes when they should adopt peaceful methods of collection.