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IBPS > SocioEco_Political Environment of India

Explore popular questions from SocioEco_Political Environment of India for IBPS. This collection covers SocioEco_Political Environment of India previous year IBPS questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

Q 1.

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How would the size of the labour force and the rate of unemployment be affected if people retrenched from their jobs did not actively seek employment?

A

The labour force would be smaller and the unemployment rate would be lower.

The labour force would be smaller and the unemployment rate would be higher.

C

There would be no change in the labour force and the unemployment rate would be higher.

D

The labour force would be smaller and there would be no change in the unemployment rate.

Q 2.

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Disguised unemployment' refers to:

A

persons with no jobs

more persons employed for a job which a few can accomplish

C

unemployment among women

D

unemployment of people above 60 years of age

Explanation

Disguised Unemployment is a kind of unemployment in which there are people who are visibly employed but are actually unemployed. This situation is also known as Hidden Unemployment.In such a situation more people are engaged in a work than required.

Q 3.

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Inclusive growth would necessitate:

A

Development of infrastructural facilities

B

Revival of agriculture

C

Increase availability of social services such as education and health.

All the above.

Explanation



Q 4.

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Consider the following statements
1)Indo-china war had hampered the proper progress and implementation of Fourth Five Year Plan in India.
2)In the Indian Economy, the plan Holiday took place during 1966 to 1969
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 only

2 only

C

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation


Q 5.

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_____sector was the largest contributor to {tex}\mathrm{GDP}{/tex} during the Ninth Plan? Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana {tex}\mathrm{(IGMSY)}{/tex} has been launched to improve the health and nutrition status of pregnant, lactating women and infants. The scheme envisages Cash Incentives for the above beneficiaries All Government Women Employees are beneficiaries of the IGMSY Which among the above statements is / are correct?

Manufacturing

B

Trade

C

Information technology

D

Financial services

Q 6.

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Indicative planning

A

replaces the market system

B

is a method of controlling the markets

C

economy by setting short term goals

B and C

Explanation

Indicative planning is a form of economic planning implemented by a state in an effort to solve the problem of imperfect information in market and mixed economies in order to increase economic performance.

Q 7.

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Durgapur, Bhilai and Rourkela steel plants were established during ____ Plan.

Second

B

Third

C

Fourth

D

First

Q 8.

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Which of the following is not a millennium development goal?

A

The eradication of extreme poverty and hunger.

Universal primary and secondary education.

C

Gender equality and empowerment of women.

D

Sustainable development

Q 9.

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{tex}\mathrm{NITI}{/tex} {tex}\mathrm{AAYOG}{/tex} is defined as: The National Institution for Transforming India aayog It has replaced YojanaAayog by Prime Minister, Narendra Modi Nitit Aayog provides less opportunity than Yojana Aayog Which among the following statement is true?

Swadhar

B

Swayamsiddha

C

Mahila Samriddhi Yojana

D

Rashtriya Mahila Kosh

Q 10.

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National Development Council is concerned with

A

implementing state plans

B

approving and assessing major development projects in India

approval of five-year plans

D

implementing community development programmes

Q 11.

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Among the following who are eligible to benefit from the "Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act"? to prescribe guidelines for the formulation of the National Plan, including the assessment of resources for the Plan; to consider the National Plan as formulated by the Planning Commission; to consider important questions of social and economic policy affecting national development; and to review the working of the Plan from time to time and to recommend such measures as are necessary for achieving the aims and targets set out in the National Plan.

A

Adult members of only the scheduled caste and scheduled tribe households

B

Adult members of below poverty line (BPL) households

C

Adult members of households of all backward communities

Adult members of any household

Q 12.

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Ninth Plan put emphasis on

A

universal education

growth with social justice and equity

C

removal of rural unemployment

D

decentralization

Explanation

The Ninth Five-Year Plan focused on the relationship between the rapid economic growth and the quality of life for the people of the country. The prime focus of this plan was to increase growth in the country with an emphasis on social justice and equity.

Q 13.

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Which Five- Year Plan had an objective of "Rapid industrialization with particular emphasis on development of basic and heavy industries"?

A

First

Second

C

Third

D

Fourth

Q 14.

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Overall aim of Indian plans is

A

industrial development

economic growth with social justice

C

socialist pattern of society.

D

regional prosperity

Explanation

The main objective of Indian planning is to achieve the goal of economic development economic development is necessary for under developed countries because they can solve the problems of general poverty, unemployment and backwardness through it.

Q 15.

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Which plan had the fastest growth rate.

First

B

Fifth

C

Sixth

D

None

Explanation

The target growth rate was 2.1% annual gross domestic product (GDP) growth; the achieved growth rate was 3.6% the net domestic product went up by 15%. The monsoon was good and there were relatively high crop yields, boosting exchange reserves and the per capita income, which increased by 8%. National income increased more than the per capita income due to rapid population growth. Many irrigation projects were initiated during this period, including the Bhakra, Hirakud, Mettur Dam and Damodar Valley dams.

Q 16.

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Which plan emphasised optimum utilisation of capacities, improvement in productivity and establishment of sunrise industries"?

A

Fifth Plan

Sixth Plan

C

Second Plan

D

Seventh plan

Q 17.

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{tex}\mathrm{PEARL}{/tex} is a programme related to

A

improvement of gems and jewellery export

B

pet awareness and rescue

knowledge sharing on urban reforms and city governance

D

quality enhancement of processed food for export

Explanation

The Program to Encourage Active, Rewarding Lives (PEARLS) is a national evidence-based program for late-life depression. PEARLS brings high quality mental health care into community-based settings that reach vulnerable older adults.

Q 18.

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The rationale given in the first plan for state intervention in the industrial sector was that:

A

private sector was inefficient

B

state alone can ensure decentralization of wealth

private sector was neither willing nor capable of investing in certain sectors

D

the commanding heights of the economy should be in the public sector

Explanation

C) Private sector was neither willing nor capable of investing in certain sectors.

Q 19.

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In which one the following Five Year Plans the actual growth performance in India in respect of {tex}\mathrm{GDP}{/tex}(at factor cost) was less than the target set?

A

Sixth Five Year Plan

B

Seventh Five Year Plan

C

Eighth Five Year Plan

Ninth Five Year Plan

Q 20.

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Which one of the following statements is not correct?

Under the Targeted Public Distribution System, the families below Poverty Line are provided {tex} 50 \mathrm { kg } {/tex} of food grains per month per family at subsidized price.

B

Under Annapurna Scheme, indigent senior citizens of {tex}65{/tex} years of age or above eligible for National Old Age Pension but not getting pension can get {tex} 10 \mathrm { kg } {/tex} of food grains per person per month free of cost.

C

Ministry of social justice and empowerment has a scheme in which indigent people living in welfare institutions like orphanages are given {tex} 15 \mathrm { kg } {/tex} of foodgrains per person per month of BPL rates.

D

Ministry of Human Resource Development gives financial support to mid-day meal scheme for the benefit of Class I to V students in government or government aided school.

Q 21.

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Which one of the following methods of soil conservation is most effective in arid areas?

A

Mulching

Shelter belt

C

Gully plugging

D

Terracing

Explanation

Q 22.

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Which plans and features are wrongly matched?
1. First Plan - Community development projects
2. Second- - Heavy industries
3. Third- -Green Revolution
4. Fourth Plan-- Economic liberalisation

A

1 and 4

3 and 4

C

3 only

D

1 and 3

Q 23.

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Which one of the following is not included in the Agriculture and Allied Services of Indian Economy?

A

Fishing

B

Forestry

C

Logging

Food Processing

Explanation

Q 24.

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Which one of the following apex co-operative organisation at the national level of India?

A

TRIFED

NAFED

C

FCS

D

RRBs

Explanation

Q 25.

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Match List-I with List-II and
select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists.

{tex} A - 4 ; \,\,\,\, B - 1 ; \,\,\,\,\,\,C - 2 ;\,\,\,\,\, D - 3 {/tex}

B

{tex} A - 4 ; \,\,\,\, B - 2 ; \,\,\,\,C - 1 ; \,\,\,\,D - 3 {/tex}

C

{tex} A - 2 ; \,\,\,\,B - 3 ;\,\,\,\,\, C - 4 ; \,\,\,\,\,\,D - 1 {/tex}

D

{tex} A - 2 ; B - 1 ; C - 4 ; D - 3 {/tex}