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IBPS > Reasoning

Explore popular questions from Reasoning for IBPS. This collection covers Reasoning previous year IBPS questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

Q 1.

Correct4

Incorrect-1

How many such pairs of letters are there in word ‘FLEXIBLE’ each of which have as many letters between them in the word (both in forward and backward direction) as they have between them in English Alphabetical Series?

A

None

B

1

C

2

3

E

More than 3

Explanation

Solution :

Q 2.

Correct1

Incorrect-0.25

Read the following information carefully and answer the given question:
‘Pets are not allowed in the park premises' - A notice put up at the park entrance by the authority that is responsible for maintenance of the park.
Which of the following can be an assumption according to the given information? (An assumption is something that is supposed or taken for granted)

At least some people who visit the park have pets.

B

This is the only park which does not allow pets

C

People who ignored this notice were fined

D

There are more than one entrances to the park

E

Many people have now stopped visiting the park

Explanation

At least some people who visits the park have pets.

Q 3.

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DIRECTIONS : Read the statement carefully and answer the question that follows:
Statement : A combination of factors have seen the sales volume of the top 25 listed real estate companies almost halve to about 11.8 million square feet in the quarter ended September 2013. It was 20.73 million square feet in the year ago period.
Which of the following may be a probable reason for the slump in the real estate business ?

A

Housing is not a problem in India now-a-days and every family has got a dwelling unit.

B

The real estate companies have increased the profit margin and hence sales have come down.

High cost of funds have dried up liquidity for the cash starved companies, which in turn log jammed the construction activity across India.

D

Residential and commercial units are being developed at the faster pace in comparison to actual demand.

E

The faulty Housing Policy of the Government is an impediment to the real estate market.

Explanation

Increase in material and labour cost is the main reason for slump in the real estate business which has affected net margin severly and higher interest rates have affected cost of funds adversly.

Q 4.

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DIRECTIONS : Read the statement carefully and answer the question that follows:
Statement : Democracy in the sense of majority rule is not what people are seeking. The middle classes in the Ukraine, Bosnia, Thailand and Venezuela are demanding greater accountability, and are challenging regimes seen as corrupt, out of touch and which form obstacles to a better future.
Which of the following assumptions is implicit in the above statement ? (An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted).

The middle classes want a government that is accountable, responsible and effective in moving their country further into the modern world.

B

The importance of middle classes has been enhanced in the governance of a democratic country.

C

The middle classes are capable of overthrowing a corrupt government.

D

Democracy, in true sense, does not mean the rule of majority which takes into consideration only the numbers.

E

Except a small number of countries in the world, other countries do not favour democratic form of government.

Explanation

The middle classes expect from the government more accountability, responsibility and effectiveness in policy implementation so that country as a whole may progress more and more.

Q 5.

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Statement : Should admission to all professional courses be made on the basis of past academic performances rather than through entrance tests ?
Arguments :
I. Yes. It will be beneficial for those candidates who are unable to bear the expenses of entrance tests.
II. Yes. Many deserving candidates securing high marks in their qualifying academic examinations do not perform well on such entrance tests.
III. No. The standard of examinations and assessment conducted by different boards and universities are not comparable and hence there is a need to conduct entrance tests to calibrate them on a common yardstick.
Decide which of the arguments is/are ’strong’ argument(s) and which is/are ’weak' argument(s).

A

Only I and II are strong

B

Only II and III are strong

C

Only I and III are strong

Only III is strong

E

All I, II and III are strong

Q 6.

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Statement :
Although the education system has progressed from the point of view of the number of schools, most of them are ill equipped and have not achieved excellence in imparting education.
Which of the following inferences can be drawn from the above statement ?
(An inference is something which is not directly stated but can be inferred from the given facts).

A

We need not open any more schools in future.

In future, we should provide good teachers and equipment to these schools.

C

It is necessary to open more schools to accommodate the increasing number of students.

D

It is very difficult to manage a large number of schools properly.

E

Any system develops gradually and we should hope for better outcomes.

Explanation

Only statement II can be inferred from the given statement because proper resources like good equipment and good teachers would ensure proper results in imparting education.

Q 7.

Correct1

Incorrect-0.25

Statement :
Satisfaction with co-workers, promotion opportunities, the nature of work, and pay goes with high performance among those with strong growth needs. Among those with weak growth needs, no such relationship is present and, in fact, satisfaction with promotion opportunities goes with low performance.
The statement best support the premise that

A

Satisfaction is an inevitable organisational variable

B

Job satisfaction and performance are directly and closely related

Relationship between job satisfaction and performance is moderated by growth need

D

Every organisation has few employees having weak growth need

E

High performance is essential for organisational effectiveness.

Explanation

Statement III best support the premise because job satisfaction and performance of an individual are directly related with growth.

Q 8.

Correct1

Incorrect-0.25

Statement :
"You are hereby appointed as a programmer with a probation period of one year and your performance will be reviewed at the end of the period for confirmation.” - A line in an appointment letter.
Assumptions :
I. The performance of an individual generally is not known at the time of appointment offer.
II. Generally, an individual tries to prove his worth in the probation period.

A

only assumption I is implicit

B

only assumption II is implicit

C

either I or II is implicit

D

neither I nor II is implicit

both I and II are implicit.

Explanation

The performance of the individual has to be tested over a span of time as the statement mentions. So, I is implicit. The statement mentions that the individual’s worth shall be reviewed (during probation period) before confirmation. So, II is also implicit.

Q 9.

Correct1

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Statement :
It is desirable to put the child in school at the age of 5 or so.
Assumptions :
I. At that age the child reaches appropriate level of development and is ready to learn.
II. The schools do not admit children after six years of age.

only assumption I is implicit

B

only assumption II is implicit

C

either I or II is implicit

D

neither I nor II is implicit

E

both I and II are implicit.

Explanation

Since the statement talks of putting the child in school at the age of 5, it means that the child is mentally prepared for the same at this age. So, I is implicit. But nothing about admission after 6 years of age is mentioned in the statement. So, Il is not implicit.

Q 10.

Correct1

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Statement :
"In order to bring punctuality in our office, we must provide conveyance allowance to our employees." - In charge of a company tells Personnel Manager.
Assumptions :
I. Conveyance allowance will not help in bringing punctuality
II. Discipline and reward should always go hand in hand.

A

only assumption I is implicit

only assumption II is implicit

C

either I or II is implicit

D

neither I nor II is implicit

E

both I and II are implicit.

Explanation

Assumption I goes against the statement. So, it is not implicit. The allowance will serve as a reward to the employees and shall provoke them to come on time. So, II is implicit.

Q 11.

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Statement :
Unemployment allowance should be given to all unemployed Indian youth above 18 years of age.
Assumptions :
I. There are unemployed youth in India who needs monetary support.
II. The government has sufficient funds to provide allowance to all unemployed youth.

only assumption I is implicit

B

only assumption II is implicit

C

either I or II is implicit

D

neither I nor II is implicit

E

both I and II are implicit.

Explanation

I directly follow's from the statement and so is implicit. Also, the statement is a suggestion and does not tell about a government policy or its position of funds. So, II is not implicit.

Q 12.

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Television is no longer the medium of entertainment at present. Mobile has taken the place of it among the youngsters as they used to spend most of their time on it.
Which of the following can be hypothesized from the given statement?

A

Television is still most popular among kids.

B

People love to play games at mobile phone instead of involving in outdoor activities.

Mobile has become the addiction for the younger generation.

D

The older generation is not comfortable in using mobile phone for their entertainment.

E

A proper treatment is required by a doctor to get rid of the addiction of the mobile phone.

Explanation

Only option (c) This can be hypothesized from the given statement as it is mentioned in the given statement that youngsters spend most of their time on mobile phones.

Q 13.

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Mosquito bites can be more than just annoying and itchy. They can make you really sick. Protect yourself and your family from mosquitoes during travelling. Because dangerous diseases like Zika, dengue, and chikungunya are spread by mosquitoes.
Which of the following can be assumed from the given statement?

A

Mosquitoes are more dangerous than any other animals in the world.

B

There is no treatment of diseases like Zika, dengue, and chikungunya that are spread by mosquitoes.

C

Forty percent of the world's population lives in an area at risk for dengue spread by mosquito and an estimated 390 million people per year are infected with the viruses.

There are more chances to get infected from mosquitoes while travelling rather than staying at home.

E

All travellers are suffering from diseases like Zika, dengue, and chikungunya spread by mosquitoes.

Explanation

Only option (d) can be assumed from the given statement as it is mentioned in the given statement that Protect yourself and your family from mosquitoes during travelling, so it can be assumed that there are more chances to get infected from mosquitoes while travelling.

Q 14.

Correct1

Incorrect-0.25

Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar on Monday launched a State-wide campaign as one of the major step for women empowerment to abolish dowry, stated it as major drawback of our society.
Is this decision sufficient to get rid from this custom, which is running from long time in Bihar?
Which of the following will be best suited option to get rid from dowry with their explanation?

A

Yes, as State govt. is launching stale wide campaign, it will impact the whole society of Bihar.

No, It will not impact too much untill thinking of people will changed and dowry will be declared as illegal and punishable offence in Bihar.

C

Yes, as many NGO run by women will also come against dowry.

D

No, It has been set in nerves of Bihar's society as one of the necessities of the marriage.

E

Yes, As other states will also follow Mr. Kumar step to abolish dowry from society.

Explanation

Option (b) It will be the best suited option as it is necessary to change the thinking of people but most important thing is to make dowry system as illegal and make it as punishable offence.

Q 15.

Correct1

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Statement :
Whole world looking at India, says Modi. India's growth presents a win-win partnership for both India and the U.S., Prime Minister Narendra Modi told while adressing the media gathering ahead of his first meeting with President Donald Trump.
(I) The talks between the Trump and Modi would be broad-ranging and seek to advance common priorities.
(II) Prime Minister Narendra Modi would only attend the UN ‘Vesak Day' celebrations and no bilateral agreements will be signed during his visit to Sri Lanka.
(III) US President Donald Trump and Prime Minister Narendra Modi forging a strong personal bond, and advancing a solid bilateral relationship
(IV) The visit provides an opportunity to strengthen the US-India strategic partnership, which the President views as being critical in Asia-Pacific and globally.
Which of the following is not in line with the given statement?

Only II

B

Only III and IV

C

Only II and III

D

Only IV

E

Only I and III

Explanation

Option II-This statement is not in line with the given statement as it states about Narendra Modi's visit to Sri lanka whereas the given statement describes Modi’s first meeting with Trump.

Q 16.

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Which of the following symbols should be placed in the blank spaces respectively(in the same order from left to right) in order to complete the given expression in such a manner that both 'D>S' as well as 'E{tex}\leq{/tex}B' definitely holds true?
B _ A _ S _ E _ D

A

{tex}>, \geq, <, ={/tex}

B

{tex}>, >, \geq, <{/tex}

C

{tex}\geq, \geq,\geq, \leq{/tex}

{tex}\geq, =, \geq, <{/tex}

E

Other than those given as options

Q 17.

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In Which of the following expressions does the expression 'L=T' to definitely hold true?

A

K {tex}\geq{/tex} L ? R = P < S {tex}\leq{/tex} T

B

U {tex}\geq{/tex} T > M = F {tex}\leq{/tex} A {tex}\geq{/tex} L

C

L {tex}\geq{/tex} C > Q {tex}\geq{/tex} B = N {tex}\leq{/tex} T

D

G{tex}\geq{/tex}L = A < B {tex}\leq{/tex} S {tex}\leq{/tex} T

T {tex}\geq{/tex} E = G {tex}\geq{/tex} W = Y {tex}\geq{/tex} L

Q 18.

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Read the following infomation carefully and answer the questions that follow.
{tex}\mathbf{Statements:}{/tex}
Some trees are plants. All trees are houses. No plant is pot. All tools are pots.
{tex}\mathbf{Conclusions:}{/tex}
I. Some plants are tools is a possibility.
II. All trees are tools is a possibility.
III. No plant is house.
IV. All plants are houses is a possibility.

A

Only I and III follow

B

Either III or IV follows

Only IV follows

D

None follows

E

Only II follow

Explanation

Q 19.

Correct1

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{tex}\mathbf{Statements:}{/tex}
All trees are plants. All houses are trees. Some pots are plants. All tools are plants.
{tex}\mathbf{Conclusions:}{/tex}
I. Some plants are not houses
II. Some tools being trees is a possibility
III. All pots are tools is a possibility.
IV. All houses are tools is a possibility.

A

Only III and IV follow

Only II, III, and IV follow

C

Only I and IV follow

D

All follow

E

None of these

Explanation


Q 20.

Correct1

Incorrect-0.25

{tex}\mathbf{Statements:}{/tex}
Some roofs are figures. All figures are lions. All lions are goats. No tool is lion.
{tex}\mathbf{Conclusions:}{/tex}
I. Some tools are figures is a possibility.
II. All tools being goats is a possibility.
III. No roof is tool.
IV. Some goats are figures

Only II and IV follow

B

Only I and II follow

C

Only either I or II and IV follow

D

All follows

E

None follows.

Explanation

Q 21.

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{tex}\mathbf{Statements:}{/tex}
No photo is frame. All frames are sites Some buckets are photos. Some sites are buckets.
{tex}\mathbf{Conclusions:}{/tex}
I. No photo is site
II. All buckets being frames is a possibility
III. Some sites are photos
IV. Some buckets are frames

A

All follows

B

Only II and III follow

C

Only II, III and IV follow

Only either I or III follows

E

None of these

Explanation

Q 22.

Correct1

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{tex}\mathbf{Statements:}{/tex}
All seats are covers. No cover is bun. Some buns are roofs. Some sites are covers.
{tex}\mathbf{Conclusions:}{/tex}
I. All sites being buns is a possibility
II. All sites being roof is a possibility
III. Some sites are not buns.
IV. No seat is bun

A

Only II, III and either I or IV follow.

B

Only III follows

C

All follows.

Only II, III and IV follow

E

None of these

Explanation

Q 23.

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In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Give answer
{tex}\mathbf{Statement:}{/tex}
"You are hereby appointed as a programmer with a probation period of one year and your performance will be reviewed at the end of the period for confirmation." - A line in an appointment letter.
{tex}\mathbf{Assumptions:}{/tex}
I. The performance of an individual generally is not known at the time of appointment offer.
II. Generally an individual tries to prove his worth in the probation period.

A

If only assumption I is implicit

B

If only assumption II is implicit

C

If either I or II is implicit

D

If neither I nor II is implicit

If both I and II are implicit

Q 24.

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In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
{tex}\mathbf{Statement:}{/tex}
It is desirable to put the child in school at the age of 5 or so.
{tex}\mathbf{Assumptions:}{/tex}
I. At that age the child reaches appropriate level of development and is ready to learn.
II. The schools do not admit children after six years of age.

If only assumption I is implicit

B

If only assumption II is implicit

C

If either I or II is implicit

D

If neither I nor II is implicit

E

If both I and II are implicit.

Explanation

Q 25.

Correct1

Incorrect-0.25

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
{tex}\mathbf{Statement:}{/tex}
"In order to bring punctuality in our office, we must provide conveyance allowance to our employees." - In charge of a company tells Personnel Manager.
{tex}\mathbf{Assumptions:}{/tex}
I. Conveyance allowance will not help in bringing punctuality.
II. Discipline and reward should always go hand in hand.

A

If only assumption I is implicit

If only assumption II is implicit

C

If either I or II is implicit

D

If neither I nor II is implicit

E

If both I and II are implicit

Explanation