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Explore popular questions from English Language for IBPS. This collection covers English Language previous year IBPS questions hand picked by experienced teachers.

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Q 1. Direction: In this question, two Columns I and II and three sentences are given, which are divided into two parts. Column I (A, B and C) consists of the first half of each sentence and Column II (D, E and F) consists of the second half of each sentence. Match column I with column II, so that the sentences formed are both meaningful and grammatically correct. Choose the correct option as your answer.
I.
A) So, if you decided to pack your bags and visit
B) The landlocked country of South Asia,
C) Hikers, trekkers, climbers, spiritual visitors come to
II.
D) Nepal, is filthy rich in a little things that you should not miss out on doing here.
E) Nepal, is situated between the dense jungles of India and the spectacular Himalayan Mountains.
F) Nepal every year to make the most of their vacation.

B-E and C-F

B

A-E, B-F and C-D

C

A-F and C-D

D

B-F

E

A-E and C-F

Explanation

Solution :
B and E make a logical pair as they join together to state the location of Nepal.
C and F join together to state why the adventurers come to Nepal.
B and D cannot be joined as the expression "a little things" is incorrect here. We use "little" for uncountable nouns and "few" for countable nouns. Here, we are referring to countable things.
Also, the tern "filthy rich" means extremely rich and is used to imply that a person's wealth is excessive or offensive.

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Q 2. Direction: In this question, two Columns I and II and three sentences are given, which are divided into two parts. Column I (A, B and C) consists of the first half of each sentence and Column II (D, E and F) consists of the second half of each sentence. Match column I with column II, so that the sentences formed are both meaningful and grammatically correct. Choose the correct option as your answer.
I.
A) In an age where privacy is pretty much dead, it is far too simple
B) This development points towards some very crucial questions
C) The latest privilege which citizens are not entitled
II.
D) to, as per the BJP government, is the right to privacy.
E) to encroach into the privacy of citizens by using national interest as an excuse
F) to knows your every move and pretty much every aspect of your life.

A

B-E and C-F

B

A-E, B-F and C-D

A-E and C-D

D

B-F

E

A-E and C-F

Explanation

Solution :
The 'to' in part D is not a part of the 'to-infinitive' as it is not followed by a verb. Part D mentions 'the right to privacy', that citizens are entitled to, which is mentioned in part C. So, C & D go together.
A & E can be joined as E tells what has become "too simple" in "an age where privacy is pretty much dead". A and F could have been joined if the verb was "know". 

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Q 3. Direction: In the following question, a word is given, which has been used in the three statements given below it. Identify the statement(s) in which the word fits contextually to convey a logical meaning. Barren
1. The country was mostly poor and barren, with sandy hillocks and scanty growth of spinifex.
2. The Russian mediation proved barren, but Gallatin persevered, catching at every opportunity for negotiation.
3. With greater access to assisted reproductive techniques like in-vitro fertilization and intrauterine insemination, cancer patients who are barren, have a greater chance of conceiving a child .

A

Only 1

B

Only 3

C

Both 1 and 2

D

Both 2 and 3

All 1, 2 and 3

Explanation

Solution :
The word barren carries several meanings:
1. (of land) too poor to produce much or any vegetation.
2. showing no results or achievements
3. infertile
The meaning given in 1, makes statement I correct. The meaning given in 2 makes statement II correct. Similarly, the meaning given in 3 makes statement III correct. Thus, option E is the correct answer.

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Q 4. Direction: In this question, two Columns I and II and three sentences are given, which are divided into two parts. Column I (A, B and C) consists of the first half of each sentence and Column II (D, E and F) consists of the second half of each sentence. Match column I with column II, so that the sentences formed are both meaningful and grammatically correct. Choose the correct option as your answer.
I.
A) The youth of India is aware that they are
B) India is plagued with a growing rate of 
C) It wants to explore, build and discover more than
II.
D) the youth of the country is revolutionary.
E) is unafraid and wants to know more.
F) unemployment among the educated youth.

A

B-E and C-F

B

A-E, B-F and C-D

C

A-F and C-D

B-F

E

A-E and C-F

Explanation

Solution :
A cannot be joined to any of the parts in column II as the auxiliary "are" will be followed by a verb, which is not mentioned in any of the segments.
C cannot be paired with any of the segments in II to make a meaningful sentence.
B and F join to convey what India is plagued with

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Q 5. Direction: Given below are three statements, of which some may be incorrect. Identify the correct statement(s).
I. The accident on M.G. Road yesterday, in which three were killed and one was injured, managed to bring forth the problems faced by the motorists every day.
II. The accident on M.G. Road yesterday in which three was killed and one was injured, managed to bring forth the problems faced by the motorists every day.
III. The accident on M.G. Road yesterday in which three were kill and one was injure, managed to bring forth the problems faced by the motorists every day.

Only I

B

Only II

C

Only III

D

Both I and III

E

All of these

Explanation

Solution :
When two subjects are of different number (three people were killed, one was injured), then they take verbs according their number. This makes statement I correct and statement II incorrect. Statement III is incorrect because of the wrong tense used in the sentence. The incident occurred in the past, so past tense should be used, but in the statement present tense has been used. Thus, option A is the correct answer.

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Q 6. Direction: In the given question, four words are printed in bold and are numbered 1, 2, 3 and 4. Of these, the positions of two of these words may be incorrect and need to be exchanged to make the sentence correct. Find the two words which need to be exchanged. In case the given sentence is correct, your answer is (E), i.e., ‘No correction required’.
Our recent (1) government, well known for its all-pervading (2) online presence, has been (3) deafeningly silent on the present (4) headlines.

1-4

B

2-3

C

1-3

D

2-4

E

No correction required

Explanation

Solution :
"Recent" means something that has happened, begun, or been done not long ago; belonging to a past period comparatively close to the present. A government in never "recent", its either the current/present government or the past government. "Headlines" can be recent, as when headlines have just come out. So, "recent" and "present" should be exchanged. Hence, the correct answer is A.

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Q 7. Direction: In the following question, a word is given, which has been used in the three statements given below it. Identify the statement(s) in which the word fits contextually to convey a logical meaning. Raise
1. By comparison, our Gavin was dazzling, making his points with commendable raise.
2. I thought that the little raise you gave me would look nice on this dress.
3. I don't always agree with his views on how to raise children either, but we don't contest each other in front of the children.

A

Only 1

Only 3

C

Both 1 and 2

D

Both 2 and 3

E

All 1, 2 and 3

Explanation

Solution :
The word raise carries several meanings:
1. lift or move to a higher position or level.
2. construct or build (a structure).
3. bring up (a child).
4. bring (someone) back from death.
5. collect, levy, or bring together (money or resources).
Among these, the meaning given in 3, makes statement III correct.
None of the listed meanings are appropriate for statement I and II, making option B the correct answer.

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Q 8. Direction: Given below are three statements, of which some may be incorrect. Identify the correct statement(s).
I. The main donor and secretary are the same person making the dealings of the charity extremely suspicious.
II. The main donor and secretary is the same person making the dealings of the charity extremely suspicious.
III. The main donor and secretary of this charity is one and the same person making  the whole thing extremely suspicious.

A

Only I

B

Only II

C

Only III

Both II and III

E

All of these

Explanation

Solution :
When two singular nouns refer to the same thing, the verb must be singular. This makes statement I incorrect and statement II correct. Although statement III has been constructed differently it conveys the same meaning as statement II and is grammatically correct. Thus, the correct option is D.

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Q 9. Direction: In this question, two Columns I and II and three sentences are given, which are divided into two parts. Column I (A, B and C) consists of the first half of each sentence and Column II (D, E and F) consists of the second half of each sentence. Match column I with column II, so that the sentences formed are both meaningful and grammatically correct. Choose the correct option as your answer.
I.
A) The right to privacy of an individual is a basic human right, as
B) The government is meant to serve people and safeguard their
C) The government should understand that in a democracy, the
II.
D) nation and the state are by the people and not the other way around.
E) privacy is something directly linked to personal dignity.
F) interests, and not rule over them as per its own whims and fancies.

A

B-E and C-F

A-E, B-F and C-D

C

A-F and C-D

D

B-F

E

A-E and C-F

Explanation

Solution :
A and E can be joined as the two state how the right to privacy of an individual is a basic human right.
B and F can be joined as interests could be safeguarded.
C and D make a pair as they state what the government should understand.

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Q 10. Direction: Given below are three statements, of which some may be incorrect. Identify the correct statement(s).
I. Jonathan was an prince to behold, suave beyond description, and with silver-tongued oratory, he calmed the fears of an entire city.
II. Jonathan was a prince to behold, suave beyond description, and with silver-tongued oratory, he calmed the fears of an entire city.
III. Jonathan was a prince behold to, suave beyond description, and with silver-tongued oratory, he calmed the fears of an entire city.

A

Only I

Only II

C

Only III

D

Both I and III

E

All of these

Explanation

Solution :
Statement I is incorrect as ‘prince’ starts with the consonant ‘p’ and thus, should be preceded by the article ‘a’. Statement II is grammatically correct. Statement III is incorrect the verb ‘behold’ should be preceded by ‘to’. Thus, option B is the correct answer.

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Q 11. Direction: In this question, two Columns I and II and three sentences are given, which are divided into two parts. Column I (A, B and C) consists of the first half of each sentence and Column II (D, E and F) consists of the second half of each sentence. Match column I with column II, so that the sentences formed are both meaningful and grammatically correct. Choose the correct option as your answer.
I.
A) The Cecil B. DeMille Award is given to a talented individual
B) Black Panther was one of the most-awaited Marvel movies and
C) The 76th Golden Globes just happened over the weekend
II.
D) this movie deals with racism in the Colorado police department.
E) who has made an incredible impact on the world of entertainment.
F) and gave us a whole new list of movies to add to our watch list.

A

B-E and C-F

B

A-E, B-F and C-D

C

A-F and C-D

D

B-F

A-E and C-F

Explanation

Solution :
Part A ends with 'individual' and part E is the only option which starts with 'who', which is used to denote a person, or in this case 'individual'. There is no other option in column I with a person as a subject. So, part A and E can be joined together.
Option B cannot be joined D as the usage of "this movie" in the sentence would be inappropriate. The phrase should be replaced by "it". 
C and F can be joined together to form a meaningful sentence.
Option E represents the correct answer.

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Q 12. Find out the phrase which should replace the phrase given in bold in the given sentence to make the sentence meaningful and grammatically correct?
There are many new emerging fields in information technology and electronics.

A

newly emerging

B

new emergent

C

new emergency

D

newly emergent

No correction required

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Q 13. Find out the phrase which should replace the phrase given in bold in the given sentence to make the sentence meaningful and grammatically correct?
Raghunath proposes to lay claim for the insurance company as soon as he recovers from the accident.

A

lay claim to

B

lay claim on

C

laying claim towards

lay claim against

E

No correction required

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Q 14. Direction: Given below are three statements, of which some may be incorrect. Identify the correct statement(s). I. She never has and never will take such strong measures and this is a lesson she intends to teach her children too.
II. She never has taken and never will take such strong measures and these is a lesson she intends to teach her children too.
III. She never has taken and never will take such strong measures and this is a lesson she intends to teach her children too.

A

Only I

Only III

C

Both I and II

D

Both I and III

E

All of these

Explanation

Solution :
In the given statements ‘taken’ is the main verb. It can take two auxiliary verbs ‘has’ and ‘will’ to imply past and future actions. This makes statement I incorrect and statement III correct. Statement II is incorrect as ‘these’ and ‘is’ cannot exist together. The correct expressions are ‘this is’ or ‘these are’. This makes only statement III correct and option B the correct answer.

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Q 15. Direction: Given below are three statements, of which some may be incorrect. Identify the correct statement(s).
I. There were not the least sense in the war for either the French or the Russians, making the entire venture a failure from the political viewpoint.
II. There was not the least sense in the war for either the French or the Russians, and from the political viewpoint, the entire venture was a failure.
III. There was not the least sense in the war for either the French or the Russians, making the entire venture a failure from the political viewpoint.

A

Only I

B

Only II

Both II and III

D

Both I and II

E

All of these

Explanation

Solution :
(I) is incorrect as the subject is "sense" (singular). It would, thus, take a singular verb "was". The other two sentences are correct. Thus, option C is the correct answer.

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Q 16. Direction: In the following question, a word is given, which has been used in the three statements given below it. Identify the statement(s) in which the word fits contextually to convey a logical meaning. Bait
1. The acquisition of Finland from Sweden, which Napoleon also dangled before the eyes of the tsar, formed the bait which brought that potentate into Napoleon's Continental System.
2. His obesity did not cause any bait of activity when he took the field.
3. The proceedings against him were revived and a committee of privileges decided on the 19th of March 1679, that the dissolution of parliament was no bait of an impeachment.

Only 1

B

Only 3

C

Both 1 and 2

D

Both 2 and 3

E

All 1, 2 and 3

Explanation

Solution :
The word bait carries several meanings:
1. something intended to entice someone to do something.
2. deliberately annoy or taunt (someone).
3. put bait on (a hook) or in (a trap, net, or fishing area) to entice fish or animals.
Among these, the meaning given in 1, makes statement I correct.
In statement II, the word ‘bait’ should be replaced by the word ‘abatement’ which means ending or subsiding.
In statement III, ‘abatement’ can again be used instead of ‘bait’ to make the sentence correct.
So, option A is the correct answer.

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Q 17. In each of the following paragraph, there are two blank spaces. Below each paragraph, there are five options and each option consists of two words which can be filled up in the provided blanks respectively to make the paragraph grammatically and coherently correct. Find the most appropriate set of words that fit into the blanks contextually.
Air pollution in Delhi is being recognised as one of the biggest public policy challenges India has faced in recent times. Everybody agrees that there is need for ________________ action and immediate intervention. However, we see few signs of such an intervention on the ground. The primary reason for our inability to respond swiftly and in a coordinated manner is the multiplicity of actors involved and the lack of ________________ on roles.

A

crucial, obscurity

B

instant, importance

drastic, clarity

D

extreme, ambiguity

E

harsh, equivoque

Explanation

drastic, clarity” is the correct set of words that fit perfectly into the provided blanks. Other words fail to give the contextual meaning to the paragraph. Hence option (c) is the correct choice.
Drastic means likely to have a strong or far-reaching effect; radical and extreme.
Obscurity means the state of being unknown, inconspicuous, or unimportant.
Ambiguity means the quality of being open to more than one interpretation; inexactness.
Equivoque means an expression capable of having more than one meaning; a pun.

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Q 18. In each of the following paragraph, there are two blank spaces. Below each paragraph, there are five options and each option consists of two words which can be filled up in the provided blanks respectively to make the paragraph grammatically and coherently correct. Find the most appropriate set of words that fit into the blanks contextually.
The Russian cyberattack has been ______________ as the “most destructive and costly in history”. It is hard not to wonder whether the Kremlin has outlived its utility in relation to the White House. If not a faint echo of the Cold War, the climate is frosty again. This is the quirky ______________ to geopolitics.

A

destined, commencement

B

accused, abrogation

C

compelled, reversal

condemned, facet

E

detested, denouement

Explanation

condemned, facet” is the correct set of words that fit perfectly into the provided blanks. Other words cannot be used as they alter the meaning of the paragraph. Hence option (d) is the correct choice.
Condemned means expressed complete disapproval of; censure.
Facet means a particular aspect or feature of something.
Abrogation means the repeal or abolition of a law, right, or agreement.
Reversal means a change to an opposite direction, position, or course of action.
Detest means dislike intensely.
Denouement means the outcome of a situation, when something is decided or made clear.

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Q 19. In each of the following paragraph, there are two blank spaces. Below each paragraph, there are five options and each option consists of two words which can be filled up in the provided blanks respectively to make the paragraph grammatically and coherently correct. Find the most appropriate set of words that fit into the blanks contextually.
History, that had been declared ended, appears to have started all over again for the U.S. on November 8, 2016 when Mr. Trump won the presidency. The _______________ punditry in America that missed the revolt around them initially blamed Mr. Trump’s victory on the lack of education, racism and misogyny of his supporters. But the revival of the cult of liberal capitalism appeared ______________; it needed visions of a demon at the door.

mainstream, elusive

B

exceptional, enticing

C

heterodox, subtle

D

cynosure, fugitive

E

conventional, encountering

Explanation

mainstream, elusive” is the correct set of words that fit perfectly into the provided blanks. Other words are not suitable in the context of the paragraph. Hence option (a) is the correct choice.
Mainstream means belonging to or characteristic of the mainstream.
Elusive means difficult to find, catch, or achieve.
Enticing means attractive or tempting; alluring.
Heterodox means not conforming with accepted or orthodox standards or beliefs.
Subtle means capable of making fine distinctions.
Cynosure means a person or thing that is the centre of attention or admiration.
Fugitive means quick to disappear; fleeting.
Encountering means meeting (someone) unexpectedly.

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Q 20. In each of the following paragraph, there are two blank spaces. Below each paragraph, there are five options and each option consists of two words which can be filled up in the provided blanks respectively to make the paragraph grammatically and coherently correct. Find the most appropriate set of words that fit into the blanks contextually.
According to another study _______________ in the journal Psychological Science, women in countries with the highest degree of gender inequality pursue STEM careers in science and technology because they want the “clearest possible” path to financial success. This clear path often means _________________ a science- or math-based profession.

A

suppressed, ensuing

published, pursuing

C

advertised, preceding

D

proclaimed, covering

E

announced, exploring

Explanation

published, pursuing” is the correct set of words that fit perfectly into the provided blanks. Other words fail to give the contextual meaning to the paragraph. Hence option (b) is the correct choice.
Pursuing means engaging in (an activity or course of action).
Proclaimed means announced officially or publicly.
Ensuing means happening or occurring afterwards or as a result.
Suppressed means forcibly put an end to.

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Q 21. In each of the following paragraph, there are two blank spaces. Below each paragraph, there are five options and each option consists of two words which can be filled up in the provided blanks respectively to make the paragraph grammatically and coherently correct. Find the most appropriate set of words that fit into the blanks contextually.
The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 or FRA was a _________________ legislation that sought to restore the rights of forest dwellers over land, community forest resources and habitats, and the governance and management of forests. Prior to that, most forest dwellers in the country were denied rights to their _________________ forestlands since colonial times.

landmark, traditional

B

turning, prescribed

C

vestige, rare

D

compendium, weaving

E

featured, divergent

Explanation

landmark, traditional” is the correct set of words that fit perfectly into the provided blanks. Other words are not suitable in the context of the paragraph. Hence option (a) is the correct choice.
Landmark means an event or discovery marking an important stage or turning point in something.
Traditional means existing in or as part of a tradition; long-established.
Vestige means a trace or remnant of something that is disappearing or no longer exists.
Compendium means a collection of concise but detailed information about a particular subject, especially in a book or other publication.
Weaving means making (a complex story or pattern) from a number of interconnected elements.
Divergent means tending to be different or develop in different directions.

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Q 22. In the question given below four sentences are given which are grammatically correct and meaningful. Connect them by the word given above the statements in the best possible way without changing the intended meaning. Choose the best possible combination as your answer accordingly from the options to form a correct, coherent sentence.
ALTHOUGH
(A) The declines in the four top-tier cities contrast with a steady rise in prices in China’s vast spread of smaller cities.
(B) Price growth in tier-3 cities in general was unchanged from January, the NBS said, without giving details.
(C) The majority of the 70 cities surveyed by the NBS still reported monthly price increases for new homes.
(D) The number of cities reported for increasing monthly prices for new homes has been dropped from January’s 52 to Forty-four cities in February.

A

only A-B

B

only B-C

only C-D

D

Both A-B and C-D

E

None of these

Explanation

Statements (C) and (D) can be joined together to form a single coherent sentence using the conjunction “Although”. ‘Although’ is used to express ‘in spite of the fact that; even though.’ Therefore, the statement thus formed is “The majority of the 70 cities surveyed by the NBS still reported monthly price increases for new homes although the number has dropped from January’s 52 to Forty-four cities in February.” Hence, option (c) becomes the most suitable choice.

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Q 23. In the question given below four sentences are given which are grammatically correct and meaningful. Connect them by the word given above the statements in the best possible way without changing the intended meaning. Choose the best possible combination as your answer accordingly from the options to form a correct, coherent sentence.
PROVIDED
(A) Human Rights Watch said it has documented numerous allegations of torture and ill-treatment in Saudi prisons and detention centres in recent years.
(B) Financial measures now lead to action to seize the assets in Russia of those who have committed human rights abuses or other serious crimes.
(C) Those who have violated human rights or caused other serious crimes in Russia, they will have an impact.
(D) Non-governmental organizations to declare detailed financial information are likely to have a chilling effect on civil society, two leading international rights bodies.

A

only A-B

only B-C

C

only C-D

D

Both A-B and C-D

E

None of these

Explanation

Statements (B) and (C) can be joined together using the phrasal conjunction “Provided”. ‘Provided’ is the one that's more often used as a conjunction. It means that one thing happening is dependent on another thing happening. Both the sentences are in the similar context and sentence (B) is dependent on the condition given in statement (C), Therefore the statement thus formed is “The financial measures now lead to action to seize the assets of Russians provided they have committed human rights abuses or other serious crimes in Russia.” Hence, option (b) is the most viable answer choice.

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Q 24. In the question given below four sentences are given which are grammatically correct and meaningful. Connect them by the word given above the statements in the best possible way without changing the intended meaning. Choose the best possible combination as your answer accordingly from the options to form a correct, coherent sentence.
ALONG WITH
(A) Army Chief General Bipin Rawat today lauded China's military prowess, and appreciated its intend on military modernisation.
(B) Last week, China unveiled its largest defence spending increase in three years, setting an 8.1 per cent growth target this year, fuelling an ambitious military modernisation programme and making its neighbours nervous.
(C) While China ensured that their economy must rise, they did not forget the rise of their military power.
(D) General Bipin Rawat praised the neighbouring country China for its focus on economic rise.

only A-D

B

only B-C

C

only A-B

D

Both A-B and C-D

E

None of these

Explanation

Option (a) is the correct choice. Statements (A) and (D) can be combined using the phrasal conjunction “ Along with”. ‘Along with’ means ‘in company with or at the same time as’. Thus, the conjunction ‘along with’ connects both the sentence and the coherent statement thus formed is “Army Chief General Bipin Rawat today lauded China's military prowess, saying the neighbouring country, along with its economic rise, also focused on military modernisation.” All the other given options fail to connect contextually with one another.

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Q 25. In the question given below four sentences are given which are grammatically correct and meaningful. Connect them by the word given above the statements in the best possible way without changing the intended meaning. Choose the best possible combination as your answer accordingly from the options to form a correct, coherent sentence.
SO THAT
(A) You can give your equity fund investments more time to grow in the market.
(B) You can increase your large-cap exposure by adding to your SBI Bluechip fund.
(C) When you need money in 3 years, use your debt funds as your first choice for withdrawals.
(D) The fact is both your investment time-frames are relatively short-term in nature.

A

only A-D

only C-A

C

only D-C

D

Both D-A and D-B

E

None of these

Explanation

Only sentences (C) and (A) can be combined coherently using the phrase “so that”. “ So that” is used as a subordinate clause to show purpose or to give an explanation. It is used to show an action producing an intended result or a cause producing an effect. Thus, the statement formed is “When you need money in 3 years, use your debt funds as your first choice for withdrawals so that you can give your equity fund investments more time to grow in the market.” As all the other combinations fail to make a coherent sentence. Hence, option (b) is the correct choice.