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IBPS

Explore popular questions for IBPS. This collection includes questions from ENGLISH LANGUAGE, QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE, GENERAL AWARENESS. They're hand picked by top teachers from a vast pool of questions including previous year IBPS questions.

Q 1.

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It is an old saying that knowledge is power. Education is an instrument which imparts knowledge and, therefore, indirectly controls power. Therefore, ever since the dawn of civilization persons in power have always tried to supervise or control education. It has been the hand-maid of the ruling class. During the Christian era, the ecclesiastics controlled the institution of education and diffused among the people the gospel of the Bible and religious teachings. These gospels and teachings were no other than a philosophy for the maintenance of the existing society. It taught the poor man to be meek and to earn his bread with the sweat of his brow, while the priests and the landlords lived in luxury and fought duels for the slightest offence. During the Renaissance, education passed more from the clutches of the priest into the hand of the prince. In other words it became more secular. It was also due to the growth of the nation-state and powerful monarchs who united the country under their rule. Thus, under the control of the monarch, education began to devise and preach the infallibility of its masters, the monarch or king. It also invented and supported fantastic theories like the Divine Right Theory and that the king can do no wrong etc. With the advent of the industrial revolution education took a different turn and had to please the new masters. It now no longer remained the privilege of the baron class but was thrown open to the new rich merchant class of society. Yet education was still confined to the few elite. The philosophy which was in vogue during this period was that of‘Laissez Faire’ restricting the function of the State to a mere keeping of law and order while, on the other hand, in practice the law of the jungle prevailed in the form of free competition and the survival of the fittest.
What does the theory of Divine Right of king stipulate?

A

That kings are gods.

B

They have the right to be worshipped like gods by their subjects.

C

That the right of governing is conferred upon kings by god.

D

That the rights ofkings are divine and therefore sacred.

None of these

Q 2.

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What does the word “infallibility” mean?

A

That every man is open to error

B

That some divine power is responsible for determining the fate of men

The virtue of not making any mistake

D

Sensitivity

E

None of these

Q 3.

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What did the ruling class in the Christian era think of the poor man?

A

That he is the beloved of god

B

That he deserves all sympathy of the rich

C

That he should be strong

That he is meant for serving the rich

E

None of these

Q 4.

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Who controlled the institution of education during the Christian era?

The church and the priests

B

The monarchs

C

The secular leaders of society

D

The common people

E

None of these

Explanation

During the Christian era, the ecclesiastics controlled the institution of education.

Q 5.

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Why have persons in power always tried to supervise or control education?

A

Because they wanted to educate the whole public.

B

Because they wanted to deprive the common man of the benefits of education.

C

Because it involved a huge expenditure on the state exchequer.

Because it is an in strument of knowledge and therefore power.

E

None of these

Q 6.

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DIRECTION (Q. 211): Read the following passages divided into number of paragraphs carefully and answer the questions that follows.
Passage-1 The function of business is to increase the wealth of the country and the value and happiness of life. It does this by supplying the material needs of men and women. When the nation’s business is successfully carried on, it renders public service of the highest value.
Passage-2 Education should not stop when the individual has been prepared to make a livelihood and to live in modern society. Living would be mere existence were there not appreciation and enjoyment of the riches of art, literature and science.
Passage-3 Through advertising manufacturers exercise a high degree of control over consumers’ desires. However, the manufacturer assumes enormous risks in attempting to predict what consumers will want and in producing goods in quantity and distributing them in advance of final selection by the consumers.
Passage-4 It is often the case that our friends share beliefs and attitudes similar to ours. Indeed, this may have been one reason for becoming friends in the first place. For example, non-smokers tend, by and large, to have non-smoking friends and supporters of the same football team may have this common feature as one basis for their liking of each other.
Passage -5 Honest people in one nation find it difficult to understand the viewpoints of honest people in another. Foreign ministries and their ministers exist for the purpose of explaining the viewpoints of one nation in terms understood by the ministries of another. Some of their most important work lies in this direction.
Passage-6 Rationalism has been defined as the mental attitude which unreservedly accepts the supremacy of reason and aims at establishing a system of philosophy and ethics verifiable by experience and independent of all arbitrary assumptions or authority. This definition of rationalism was framed at the inauguration of the Rationalist Press Association (RPA) in London in the year 1899.
Passage-7 In today’s world where teachers have a busy schedule, it is noticed that only a few teachers have time for the student’s learning experiences. One thing which is lacking in almost all classrooms is teachers motivating students to do better. What happens is that teachers would like to give attention to the students who have high intelligence and who are academically good. A larger portion of the student population is neglected. Teachers blame them for not trying to do their best.
Passage-8 Due to the development of individualism and permissiveness, social norms have become slack and parents and teachers are unable to play their traditional role of shaping the character of their children and people. The growing complexity of society due to technological development and the slackness of social norms as a result of the growth of individualism and permissiveness arc the two causes of the moral crisis of our time.
Passage-9 Marx, the founder of communism, had predicted the failure and eventual overthrow of capitalism because of what he regarded as its inherent contradiction. He visualised that capitalism would maintain the wages of labour at a low subsistence level, while progressively increasing its productivity by the employment of technologically advanced means of production. During the last many decades the real wages of workers in advanced capitalist countries have gradually and progressively increased. The prediction of Marx has not been borne out by history.
Passage-10 Literature is a medium through which a person can convey his ideas towards or protest against different norms of society. Those works that deal with a moral issue are of particular importance in literature. They arc written with a particular purpose in mind. A literary work with a moral issue will live on to be reinterpreted by different generations. These works involve the reader for he forms his own moral judgement towards the issue.
Passage-11 The phenomena of child labour is quite complex. Children work because they belong to poor families who cannot survive without the benefit of the income which accrues to the family on account of child labour. Any attempt to abolish it through legal recourse would, under the circumstances, not be practical. The only alternative is to ban child labour in hazardous areas and to regulate and ameliorate the conditions of work in other areas. Many developing countries including India have accepted this approach.
Passage-12 In recent years our society has shown readiness to address the educational and developmental needs of adolescents. Be it the Government or people in the community, there is a realisation that something needs to be done to build on the energy and enthusiasm of this crucial section of the population. Growing social unrest, violence, crime and increasing visibility of the young has contributed to this readiness.
Passage-13 Recently a study was made on the popularity of TV programmes and viewers’ perception about their quality. The study of attitudes towards prime-time television programmes showed that programmes with identical ratings in terms of numbers of people watching them received highly divergent marks for quality from their viewers. This additional piece of information could prove valuable for advertisers who might be well advised to spend their advertising money for programmes that viewers feel are of high quality.
Passage-14 Econometric models like the computable general equilibrium model are mostly valuable in policy formulation as they give some insight into how trade policy changes will affect the sectoral composition of output and employment. They are not in themselves designed to provide direct inputs but really to serve as background as to the sectors that will be most favourably or most unfavourably affected by policy. Besides, they render valuable help in policy matters regarding free trade. Free trade has distinct benefits. These benefits are well accepted all over. However, there is a growing opposition to free trade. There is an increasing perception among certain groups of how international trading systems impact, especially how they affect low-wage workers and also have a degrading environmental impact. Yet it is difficult to accept that is the reason for any kind of protectionist move in the most advanced countries.
The passage - 1 best supports the statement that

A

all businesses which render public service are successful.

B

human happiness is enhanced only by the increase of material wants.

C

the value of life is increased only by the increase of wealth.

the material needs of men and women are supplied by well-conducted business.

E

business is the only field of activity which increases happiness.

Q 7.

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The passage -2 best supports the statement that true education

A

is focused on the routine problems of life.

prepares one for a full enjoyment of life.

C

deals chiefly with art, literature and science.

D

is not possible for one who docs not enjoy scientific literature.

E

disregards practical ends.

Q 8.

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The passage -3 best supports the statement that manufacturers

A

can eliminate the risk of over-production by advertising.

B

completely control buyers’ needs and desires.

must depend upon the final consumers for the success of their undertakings.

D

distribute goods directly to the consumers.

E

can predict with great accuracy the success of any product they put on the market.

Q 9.

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The passage -4 best supports the statement that

A

most of the people live in similar conditions.

B

adversity brings the people of differing views together.

C

liking others is the inherent characteristic of people.

D

people always try to rest on their laurels.

birds of a feather flock together.

Q 10.

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The Passage -5 best supports the statement that

people of different nations may not consider matters in the same light.

B

it is unusual for many people to share similar ideas.

C

suspicion prevents underst and ing between nations.

D

the chief work of foreign ministries is to guide relations between nations united by a common cause.

E

the people of one nation must sympathise with the viewpoints of the people of other nations.

Q 11.

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The Passage-6 best supports the statement that

A

Ethics do not constitute a part of philosophy.

B

One has to accept certain beliefs to find the final truth.

Rationalism is not a set of beliefs which is devoid of verification.

D

Mental attitude is independent of all assumptions.

E

Only RPA can establish philosophy of Rationalism.

Q 12.

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Which of the following words is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word unreservedly as used in the passage 6?

A

Conditionally

Fully

C

Partially

D

Collectively

E

Unilaterally

Q 13.

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In the passage 7, according to the author, why are teachers not in a position to perform their expected role?

A

Majority of the students neglect classroom teaching.

B

The students are very busy and have less time to learn.

C

Intelligent students are after the teacher, seeking their help in studies.

D

They are forced to spend more time in motivating good students.

None of these

Q 14.

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In the passage 8 according to the author, which of the following is one of the outcomes of the present crisis of our time?

Inability of parents and teachers to develop value base of children

B

More than expected growth of science and technology

C

Increasing social cohesiveness IN SPITE OF violence and disturbances

D

Emergence of new social norms which obstruct growth of individualism

E

None of these

Q 15.

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In the passage 9, which of the following supports the statement “the prediction ... borne out by history”?

A

Capitalism has just survived but not taken firm roots.

The salaries of the employees have gone up in advanced countries.

C

Technological development has not taken place in capitalist countries.

D

The salaries of all the employees have gone down in all the countries.

E

There is no increase in the productivity of workers.

Q 16.

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In the passage 10, why does the author consider write-ups ‘that deal with a moral issue’ more important in literature?
(A) They are open for rethinking by coming generations.
(B) They are written with a specific approach.
(C) They help the reader in forming or consolidating his values and approaches.

A

Only A

B

Both A and B

Both A and C

D

Only C

E

None of these

Q 17.

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In the passage 10, the first sentence of the paragraph implies...

A

literature is not one of the best media of expression for a society.

B

society does not observe the same st and ard for all its members.

C

only literature allows individuals to express their different views.

D

society can change its value system after it reinterprets literature.

None of these

Q 18.

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In the passage 11, according to the paragraph, abolishing child labour through legal means is most likely to result into...

dragging/pushing the family of the child in acute economic stress.

B

shortage of labour in other areas of work.

C

regulation of services of adult workers.

D

betterment of working conditions of adult labourers.

E

better underst and ing of reality.

Q 19.

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In the passage 11, what can be inferred about the policy being followed about child labour in India?
(A) Giving economic benefits to the families of child labourers.
(B) Reducing/controlling child labour in unhealthy areas of work.
(C) Monitoring and improving working conditions for children.

A

Only A and B

Only B and C

C

Only A and B

D

Only B

E

None of these

Q 20.

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In the passage 12, which of the following is not a likely cause of readiness shown by people towards adolescents?

A

Increase in crime

B

Growing violence

Equality of opportunity

D

Physical presence of youth

E

Increased social unrest

Q 21.

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In the passage 13, which of the following can be inferred from the contents of the paragraph?
A. Advertisement can have some effect on the viewers’ buying habits.
B. Money spent on advertising with high quality programmes yields more profits.
C. Different programmes with equal number of viewers can be rated differently as far as quality is concerned.

A

Only A

B

Only B

C

Only A and B

Only B and C

E

None of these

Q 22.

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In the passage 14, the author of the passage seems to be

A

in favour of use of econometric models but against free trade.

B

in favour of free trade but neutral regarding econometric models.

C

against both free trade as well as econometric models.

D

indifferent about both free trade and econometric models.

in favour of both econometric models and free trade.

Q 23.

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In the passage 14, which of the following statements is definitely true in the context of the passage? A Despite the advantages of free trade, it is not wholeheartedly acclaimed by most advanced countries.
B. Policy formulation should be solely dependent on econometric models.
C. Reasons for model protectionist approach by advanced countries are not given in the passage.

Only A

B

Only B

C

Only C

D

A and B only

E

B and C only