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IBPS

Explore popular questions for IBPS. This collection includes questions from English Language, Quantitative Aptitude, General Awareness. They're hand picked by top teachers from a vast pool of questions including previous year IBPS questions.

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English Language

Quantitative Aptitude

General Awareness

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Hindi Language

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Q 1. It is an old saying that knowledge is power. Education is an instrument which imparts knowledge and, therefore, indirectly controls power. Therefore, ever since the dawn of civilization persons in power have always tried to supervise or control education. It has been the hand-maid of the ruling class. During the Christian era, the ecclesiastics controlled the institution of education and diffused among the people the gospel of the Bible and religious teachings. These gospels and teachings were no other than a philosophy for the maintenance of the existing society. It taught the poor man to be meek and to earn his bread with the sweat of his brow, while the priests and the landlords lived in luxury and fought duels for the slightest offence. During the Renaissance, education passed more from the clutches of the priest into the hand of the prince. In other words it became more secular. It was also due to the growth of the nation-state and powerful monarchs who united the country under their rule. Thus, under the control of the monarch, education began to devise and preach the infallibility of its masters, the monarch or king. It also invented and supported fantastic theories like the Divine Right Theory and that the king can do no wrong etc. With the advent of the industrial revolution education took a different turn and had to please the new masters. It now no longer remained the privilege of the baron class but was thrown open to the new rich merchant class of society. Yet education was still confined to the few elite. The philosophy which was in vogue during this period was that of‘Laissez Faire’ restricting the function of the State to a mere keeping of law and order while, on the other hand, in practice the law of the jungle prevailed in the form of free competition and the survival of the fittest.
What does the theory of Divine Right of king stipulate?

A

That kings are gods.

B

They have the right to be worshipped like gods by their subjects.

C

That the right of governing is conferred upon kings by god.

D

That the rights ofkings are divine and therefore sacred.

None of these

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Q 2. What did the ruling class in the Christian era think of the poor man?

A

That he is the beloved of god

B

That he deserves all sympathy of the rich

C

That he should be strong

That he is meant for serving the rich

E

None of these

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Q 3. Why have persons in power always tried to supervise or control education?

A

Because they wanted to educate the whole public.

B

Because they wanted to deprive the common man of the benefits of education.

C

Because it involved a huge expenditure on the state exchequer.

Because it is an in strument of knowledge and therefore power.

E

None of these

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Q 4. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follows.
Passage- The function of business is to increase the wealth of the country and the value and happiness of life. It does this by supplying the material needs of men and women. When the nation’s business is successfully carried on, it renders public service of the highest value.
The passage best supports the statement that

A

all businesses which render public service are successful.

B

human happiness is enhanced only by the increase of material wants.

C

the value of life is increased only by the increase of wealth.

the material needs of men and women are supplied by well-conducted business.

E

business is the only field of activity which increases happiness.

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Q 5. The availability of Indian machine tool industries’help to small scale industry is most likely to result into

A

increase in the demand, of imported machine tools

B

deterioration in the quality of components manufactured by them

C

further increase in the customs duty on imported machines

enhancement in the quality and quantity of their production at a cheaper cost

E

severe competition among the small and medium scale industries

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Q 6. Which .of the following statements is definitely tme in the context of the passage? A. . The vital role of India’s machine tool industry has not . been duly recognised by the Government. B. Small scale industries’ performance can be further improved with the help from Indian machine’ tool industry. C. The author of the passage has. not discussed all the factors which are : responsible, for high cost of Indian machines'. . /

A & B

B

A & C

C

B & C

D

All of these

E

None of these

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Q 7. Why do small and medium scale industries look for help from India’s. . machine tool industry?

To produce low cost components without dilution in quality

B

To -produce cheaper components . notwithstanding the poor quality

C

To remain in Governments’ focus of attention

D

To improve their poor financial status '

E

None of these

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Q 8. Which of the following is the worst tragedy according to the author?

A

Lack of realisation of the importance of rural development

B

Exploitation of the rural people by the city-dwellers

C

The subhuman condition of the people

The pessimism of the rural people about their own conditions.

E

e

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Q 9. Which of the following statements is not true in the context of the passage?

Most of the rich people dwelling in modern cities are . genuinely . concerned about rural development.

B

Rural development is a pre-requisite of any other advancement and progress.'

C

The rural folk in the Third World countries feel that their subhuman condition cannot be improved.

D

Only rural development can raise the standard of living of people in. the Third World countries.

E

e

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Q 10. Which of the following statements is true in the context of the passage?

A

The rural folk are very optimistic aboutimprovement in their : condition.

In the present context, ignorance, poverty : and ill health are inseparable pa'rts of rural life.

C

Most of the Third World countries are Undergoing fast Urbanisation.

D

India’s struggle for freedom has . been? considered as a part of rural development.

E

e

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Q 11. Directions (Questions 13-15) : Choose the word which is opposite in. meaning to the given word as used in the passage.
AMELIORATE < '

A

Expedite

B

Hasten

Worsen ;

D

Lessen,

E

e

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Q 12. Passage 3
Although cynics may like to see the government’s policy for women in terms of the party’s internal power struggles, it will nevertheless be. churlish to deny that it represents a pioneering effort aimed at • bringing about sweeping social reforms. In its language, scope and strategies, the policy document displays a degree of understanding of women’s needs that is. uncommon in government pronouncements. This is due in large part to the participatory process that marked its formulation, seeking the active involvement right from the start of women’s groups, , academic institutions and noh-govemment organisations with grass roots experience. The result is not just a lofty declaration of principles but a blueprint for a practical programme of action. The polity delineates a series of concrete measures to accord women a decision-making role in ’ the political domain and greater control over , their economic status. Of , especially far-reaching impact are the devolution of control of economic infrastructure to women, notably at the gram paflchayat level, and the amendments proposed in the Hindu Succession Act of 1956 to give women coparcenary rights.
An enlightened aspe.ct of the .policy is its recognition that actual change in the status of women can not be brought about by the mere enactment of socially progressive legislation. Accordingly, ' it focusses on reorienting development programmes and sensitising administrations to address specific situations as, for instance, the growing number -of households headed by - women, which is a consequence of rural-urban migration. The proposal to create an equal-opportunity police force and give Women greater control of police stations is an acknowledgement of the biases , and callousness displayed by the generally all-male law-enforcement authorities in cases of dowry and domestic' violence. While the mere enunciation of
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such a policy has the salutary effect of sensitising the administration as a whole, it does not make the task of its implementation any easier. This is because the changes it envisages in the political and economic status of women strike at the root of power structures in society and the basis of man-woman relationships. There is also the danger that reservation for women in public life, while necessary for. their greater visibility, could lapse into tokenism or become a tool in the hands of vote seeking politicians. Much will depend on the dissemination of the policy and the ability of elected representatives and government agencies to reorder their priorities.
Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

A

Most of the government’s policies are formulated through participatory 'process.

B

There is need for stricter legislation.

The policy recommends reservation for women.

D

Domestic violence is on the rise,

E

Women already had coparcenary rights.

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Q 13. Which of the following us one of the far-reaching impacts of the policy?

Give women coparcenary rights

B

Reservation for women

C

Creating an equal-opportunity police force

D

Accord women a decision makirig role in political sphere

E

None of the above

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Q 14. In order to improve the condition of Indian industries, the industrialist should do all of the following except

A

giving up the harrow mentality which very small shopkeepers generally have

striving to earn long term profits

C

encouraging competition from industrialists within the country and from abroad .' .

D

resorting to long-term planning for . industrial growth and expansion in diverse fields

E

adopting strategies for diversification and modernisation

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Q 15. The word ‘square’ as used in the passage 'means

A

rich .

B

sumptuous

sufficient '

D

quality

E

None of these

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Q 16. Which of the following, according to the passage, is compared with dearness allowance? .

A

Food for work programme ,

B

Unemployment allowance

Food subsidy

D

Procureihent price of food , grains

E

Poverty Alleviation Programme

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Q 17. The' word ‘sharpen’ as used in the passage means

A

prepare

B

provide

C

force

widen

E

surmount

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Q 18. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

Milk needs of the urban group are being met.

B

Six out of ten people in urban areas . buy milk.

C

Milk needs of only the affluent people in urban areas are being met.

D

Milk needs of the entire country are being met.

E

None of these

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Q 19. Passage 9 (Section Officers, 1993)
Democratic societies from the earliest times have expected their governments to /protect the weak against the strong. No ‘era of good feeling’ carr 'justify discharging, the police force or. giving, up the idea of public control over concentrated private wealth. On the other hand, it is obvious that, a spirit of self-denial and moderation on the part of those who hold economic power will greatly soften the demand for absolute equality. Men are more interested in freedom and security than in an equal distribution of wealth.. The extent to which Government must interfere with business, therefore, is not exactly measured by the extent to which economic power is concentrated into a few. hands. The required degree of government interference depends mainly on 'whether economic powers are oppressively used, and Oh the necessity of keeping economic factors in .a tolerable state of balance.
But with the necessity of meeting all these- dangers and threats to liberty, the
powers of government are unavoidably increased, whichever political party may be in office. The growth of government is a necessary result of the growth of technology and of the problems that go with the use of machines and science. Since the government in our nation, must take on: more powers to meet its problems, there is no way to preserve freedom , except by making democracy more powerful.
The advent of science and technology has increased the

A

freedom of people

B

tyranny cf the political parties

powers of the government

D

chances of economic inequality

E

e

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Q 20. A spirit of moderation op the economically sound people would make the less privileged

A

unhappy with the rich people

B

more 'interested in freedom and security

C

unhappy with their lot

clamour less for absolute equality

E

e

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Q 21. The growth of government is necessitated to

make the rich and the poor happy '

B

curb the accumulation of wealth in a few hands

C

monitor science and technology

D

deploy the police force wisely ‘

E

e

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Q 22. According to the author, educational plan should attempt to

A

train the people at the core

B

encourage conventional schools, and Colleges

C

decide a terminal point to education

overlook the people on the periphery

E

fulfil the educational needs of f.. everyone .

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Q 23. Which of the following is most nearly the same in meaning as the word ‘meeting’ as used in the passage?

A

approaching

B

contacting

C

introducing .

representing

E

satisfying *

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Q 24. Which of the following is the same in meaning as the word 'obliterate'as used in the passage?

A

wipe off ’

eradicate

C

give birth to

D

wipe out

E

Very literate

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Q 25. Which of the following is the opposite in meaning to the word ‘charged’ as used in the passage?

A

calm

B

disturbed

C

discharged

settled ,

E

peaceful