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Engineering Entrance Guide

JEE Advanced 2020

Latest Updates

  • July 3:MHRD has announced the postponement of JEE Advanced exam. The exam will now be held on September 27.
  • May 7: HRD Minister announced that JEE Advanced will be conducted on August 23.
  • April 28: JEE Advanced 2020 is likely to be held on July 12.
  • April 1: IIT Delhi has postponed the Joint Entrance Exam (JEE) Advanced. JEE Advanced 2020, which was scheduled to be held on Sunday (May 17 2020) stands postponed and will be rescheduled after JEE Main 2020.

About JEE Advanced

JEE Advanced is the second phase of the JEE examination which is conducted every year by either of the seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) namely IIT Kharagpur, IIT Kanpur, IIT Madras, IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay, IIT Guwahati, and IIT Roorkee or Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore under the aegis of the Joint Admission Board (JAB). It is the only gateway for students to land a seat in premier engineering institutes like the 23 IITs in the Bachelor’s, Integrated Master’s and Dual Degree programs (entry at the 10+2 level). Apart from IITs, nine other premier institutes offer admissions based on JEE Advanced score, namely, IISC Bangalore, IISER Bhopal, IISER Kolkata, IISER Mohali, IISER Thiruvananthapuram, IISER Pune, IIST Thiruvananthapuram, RGIPT Rae Bareli, and IIPE Visakhapatnam.

The entrance exam consists of two papers – Paper 1 & Paper 2 that are administered in two stages held on the same day. It is mandatory for all the students to appear for both the papers in order to be eligible for the merit list. Through JEE Advanced, candidates can secure admissions to the following courses:

  • 4-year Bachelors - BTech, BS
  • 5 year BArch
  • 5 year Dual Degree - BTech, MTech, BS, MS
  • 5-year Integrated Masters - MTech, MSc, Dual Degree
Paper Type Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) and Numerical-answer questions
Exam Duration 3 hours for each paper (Paper I and Paper II)
Scoring Single answer MCQ: 3 marks for correct answer
Multiple answer MCQ: 4 marks for correct answer
-1 mark for incorrect answer
No Negative marking for numerical value answer
0 marks for not attempted

Important Dates

Online Registration To be announced
Admit Card To be announced
Exam Date 27 September 2020
Results To be announced

Exam Pattern

JEE Advanced is a computer-based test and consists of 2 papers – Paper 1 and Paper 2, with a duration of three hours for each paper. Paper-1 will be conducted from 9 am to 12 pm while Paper-2 will be held on the same day from 2:30 pm to 5:30 pm. Both papers are compulsory.

Paper-1 and Paper-2 of JEE Advanced 2020 will comprise three separate sections wherein questions will be asked from Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. The question papers will consist of objective type (multiple choice and/or numerical answer type) questions designed to test academic, comprehensive, reasoning and analytical ability of candidates. Negative marking is present for some of the questions, details for which will be provided in the “Instructions to Candidates” section at the time of examination.

Exam Highlights

  • The question papers will be in English and Hindi languages. The candidates will have the option to choose the preferred language and switch among the languages anytime during the examination.
  • Although sufficient care will be taken for the correctness of questions, if a question(s) needs to be dropped, full marks for that question(s) will be awarded to ALL candidates.
  • The duration of each paper of the JEE Advanced 2020 examination is 3 hours [4 hours for PwD candidates]. The on-screen clock of every candidate will be set at the server. The countdown timer in the top right side of the computer screen will display the time remaining (in minutes) available for the candidate to complete the examination. When the timer reaches zero, the examination will end by itself. Candidates will not be required to end or submit the examination.
  • The exam pattern for JEE Advanced and AAT is not fixed. The AAT exam is conducted offline and has a duration of 3 hours. The sections in the exam are: Geometrical Drawing, Freehand Drawing, Imagination and Aesthetic Sensitivity, Three Dimensional Perception, Architectural Awareness.

Previous Years' Exam Pattern

Since the pattern for the JEE Advanced is not fixed, the exam pattern for Paper I and Paper II for the last 3 years- 2019, 2018 and 2017, has been provided below for reference.

JEE Advanced Exam Pattern 2019Paper I

Pattern Section I Section II Section III
Question Type One or more correct option (s) Numerical Value Answer Single correct option
Number of Questions 8 6 4
Marking scheme +4 if the correct option(s) is selected +3 if only the correct answer is selected +3 if only the correct option is selected
Partial Marks +3 if all 4 options are correct but only 3 options are chosen; +2 if 3 or more options are correct but only 2 correct options are chosen; +1 if 2 or more options are correct but only 1 correct option is chosen No partial marking No partial marking
Negative Marking -1 in all other cases No negative marking -1 in all other cases
Maximum Marks 32 15 12

JEE Advanced Exam Pattern 2019 Paper II

Pattern Section I Section II Section III
Question Type One or more correct option (s) Single-digit integer List Match Sets
Number of Questions 6 8 4 (2 sets)
Marking scheme +4 if the correct option(s) is selected +3 if only the correct answer is selected +3 only if the option corresponding to the correct combination is chosen
Partial Marks +3 if all 4 options are correct but only 3 options are chosen; +2 if 3 or more options are correct but only 2 correct options are chosen; +1 if 2 or more options are correct but only 1 correct option is chosen No partial marking No partial marking
Negative Marking -1 in all other cases No negative marking -1 in all other cases
Maximum Marks 32 18 12

JEE Advanced Exam Pattern 2018Paper I

Pattern Section I Section II Section III
Question Type One or more correct option (s) Numerical Value Answer Single correct option
Number of Questions 6 8 4
Marking scheme +4 if the correct option(s) is selected +3 if only the correct answer is selected +3 if only the correct option is selected
Partial Marks +3 if all 4 options are correct but only 3 options are chosen; +2 if 3 or more options are correct but only 2 correct options are chosen; +1 if 2 or more options are correct but only 1 correct option is chosen No partial marking No partial marking
Negative Marking -2 in all other cases No negative marking -1 in all other cases
Maximum Marks 24 24 12

JEE Advanced Exam Pattern 2018 Paper II

Pattern Section I Section II Section III
Question Type One or more correct option (s) Single-digit integer Single correct option
Number of Questions 6 8 4
Marking scheme +4 if the correct option(s) is selected +3 if only the correct answer is selected +3 if only the correct option is selected
Partial Marks +3 if all 4 options are correct but only 3 options are chosen; +2 if 3 or more options are correct but only 2 correct options are chosen; +1 if 2 or more options are correct but only 1 correct option is chosen No partial marking No partial marking
Negative Marking -2 in all other cases No negative marking -1 in all other cases
Maximum Marks 24 24 12

JEE Advanced Exam Pattern 2017Paper I

Pattern Section I Section II Section III
Question Type One or more correct option (s) Single digit integer Single correct option
Number of Questions 7 5 6
Marking scheme +4 if the correct option(s) is selected +3 if only the correct answer is selected +3 if only the correct option is selected
Partial Marks +1 No partial marking No partial marking
Negative Marking -2 No negative marking -1
Maximum Marks 28 15 18

JEE Advanced Exam Pattern 2017 Paper II

Pattern Section I Section II Section III
Question Type One or more correct option (s) Single correct option Single correct option (paragraph based)
Number of Questions 7 7 4
Marking scheme +4 +3 +3
Partial Marks +1 No partial marking No partial marking
Negative Marking -2 -1 No negative marking
Maximum Marks 28 21 12

Detailed Syllabus

Mathematics

UNIT 1 - COMPLEX NUMBERS

  • a) Algebra of complex numbers, addition, multiplication, conjugation
  • b) Polar representation, properties of modulus and principal argument
  • c) Triangle inequality, cube roots of unity
  • d) Geometric interpretations

UNIT 2 - QUADRATIC EQUATIONS

  • a) Quadratic equations with real coefficients
  • b) Relations between roots and coefficients
  • c) Formation of quadratic equations with given roots
  • d) Symmetric functions of roots

UNIT 3 - MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS

  • a) Matrices as a rectangular array of real numbers, equality of matrices, addition, multiplication by a scalar and product of matrices, transpose of a matrix
  • b) Determinant of a square matrix of order up to three, the inverse of a square matrix of order up to three
  • c) Properties of these matrix operations, diagonal, symmetric and skew-symmetric matrices and their properties
  • d) Solutions of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables

UNIT 4 - PERMUTATIONS AND COMBINATIONS

  • a) Problems on permutations and combinations

UNIT 5 - LOGARITHMS

  • a) Logarithms and their properties

UNIT 6 - BINOMIAL THEOREM

  • a) Binomial theorem for a positive integral index
  • b) Properties of binomial coefficients

UNIT 7 - SEQUENCE AND SERIES

  • a) Arithmetic, geometric, and harmonic progressions
  • b) Arithmetic, geometric, and harmonic means
  • c) Sums of finite arithmetic and geometric progressions, infinite geometric series
  • d) Sums of squares and cubes of the first n natural numbers

UNIT 8 - PROBABILITY

  • a) Addition and multiplication rules of probability, conditional probability
  • b) Bayes Theorem, independence of events
  • c) Computation of probability of events using permutations and combinations

UNIT 9 - TRIGONOMETRY

  • a) Trigonometric functions, their periodicity, and graphs, addition and subtraction formulae
  • b) Formulae involving multiple and submultiple angles
  • c) The general solution of trigonometric equations
  • d) Relations between sides and angles of a triangle, sine rule, cosine rule
  • e) Half-angle formula and the area of a triangle
  • f) Inverse trigonometric functions (principal value only)

UNIT 10 - VECTORS

  • a) The addition of vectors, scalar multiplication
  • b) Dot and cross products
  • c) Scalar triple products and their geometrical interpretations

UNIT 11 - FUNCTIONS

  • a) Real-valued functions of a real variable, into, onto and one-to-one functions
  • b) Sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions
  • c) Composite functions, absolute value, polynomial, rational, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions
  • d) Even and odd functions, the inverse of a function, continuity of composite functions, intermediate value property of continuous functions

UNIT 12 - LIMITS AND CONTINUITY

  • a) Lmit and continuity of a function
  • b) Limit and continuity of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions
  • c) L’Hospital rule of evaluation of limits of functions

UNIT 13 - DERIVATIVES

  • a) The derivative of a function, the derivative of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions
  • b) Chain rule, derivatives of polynomial, rational, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions
  • c) Derivatives of implicit functions, derivatives up to order two, geometrical interpretation of the derivative
  • d) Tangents and normals, increasing and decreasing functions, maximum and minimum values of a function
  • e) Rolle’s Theorem and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorem

UNIT 14 - INTEGRAL CALCULUS

  • a) Integration as the inverse process of differentiation
  • b) Indefinite integrals of standard functions, definite integrals, and their properties
  • c) Fundamental Theorem of Integral Calculus
  • d) Integration by parts, integration by the methods of substitution and partial fractions
  • e) Application of definite integrals to the determination of areas involving simple curves

UNIT 15 - DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

  • a) Formation of ordinary differential equations
  • b) The solution of homogeneous differential equations, separation of variables method
  • c) Linear first-order differential equations

UNIT 16 - COORDINATE GEOMETRY

  • a) Cartesian coordinates, distance between two points, section formulae, shift of origin
  • b) Centroid, orthocentre, incentre and circumcentre of a triangle
  • c) Equation of a circle in various forms, equations of tangent, normal and chord
  • d) Parametric equations of a circle, intersection of a circle with a straight line or a circle, equation of a circle through the points of intersection of two circles and those of a circle and a straight line
  • e) Equations of a parabola, ellipse and hyperbola in standard form, their foci, directrices and eccentricity, parametric equations, equations of tangent and normal
  • f) Locus problems

UNIT 17 - STRAIGHT LINES

  • a) Equation of a straight line in various forms
  • b) Angle between two lines, distance of a point from a line
  • c) Lines through the point of intersection of two given lines, equation of the bisector of the angle between two lines
  • d) Concurrency of lines

UNIT 18 - THREE DIMENSIONAL GEOMETRY

  • a) Direction cosines and direction ratios
  • b) Equation of a straight line in space
  • c) Equation of a plane
  • c) Distance of a point from a plane

Physics

UNIT 1 - UNITS, DIMENSIONS AND EXPIREMENTAL ANALYSIS

  • a) Units and dimensions, dimensional analysis
  • b) Least count and significant figures
  • c) Methods of measurement and error analysis for physical quantities pertaining to experiments
  • d) Experiments based on using Vernier callipers and screw gauge (micrometre)
  • e) Determination of g using the simple pendulum
  • f) Young’s modulus by Searle’s method
  • g) Specific heat of a liquid using calorimeter, the focal length of a concave mirror and a convex lens using the u-v method
  • h) The speed of sound using resonance column
  • i) Verification of Ohm’s law using voltmeter and ammeter, and specific resistance of the material of a wire using meter bridge and post office box

UNIT 2 - KINEMATICS

  • a) Kinematics in one and two dimensions (Cartesian coordinates only), projectiles
  • b) Uniform Circular motion, relative velocity

UNIT 3 - LAWS OF MOTION

  • a) Newton’s laws of motion, Inertial and uniformly accelerated frames of reference
  • b) Static and dynamic friction, Kinetic and potential energy
  • c) Work and power
  • d) Conservation of linear momentum and mechanical energy

UNIT 4 - SYSTEMS OF PARTICLES

  • a) Centre of mass and its motion; Impulse
  • b) Elastic and inelastic collisions

UNIT 5 - GRAVITATION

  • a) Laws of gravitation
  • b) Gravitational potential and field, acceleration due to gravity
  • c) The motion of planets and satellites in circular orbits and escape velocity

UNIT 6 - INERTIA AND MOMENTUM

  • a) Rigid body, the moment of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, the moment of inertia of uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes
  • b) Angular momentum, Torque, Conservation of angular momentum
  • c) Dynamics of rigid bodies with a fixed axis of rotation
  • d) Rolling without slipping of rings, cylinders, and spheres; Equilibrium of rigid bodies
  • e) The collision of point masses with rigid bodies

UNIT 7 - PRESSURE IN FLUIDS

  • a) Pascal’s law; Buoyancy
  • b) Surface energy and surface tension, capillary rise, viscosity (Poiseuille’s equation excluded)
  • c) Stoke’s law, terminal velocity, Streamline flow, the equation of continuity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications

UNIT 8 - THERMAL PHYSICS

  • a) Thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases, calorimetry, latent heat
  • b) Heat conduction in one dimension, elementary concepts of convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling; Ideal gas laws
  • c) Specific heats (Cv and Cp for monatomic and diatomic gases), Isothermal and adiabatic processes, the bulk modulus of gases
  • d) Equivalence of heat and work, First law of thermodynamics and its applications (only for ideal gases)
  • e) Blackbody radiation, absorptive and emissive powers, Kirchhoff’s law
  • f) Wien’s displacement law, Stefan’s law

UNIT 9 - HARMONIC MOTIONS AND WAVES

  • a) Linear and angular simple harmonic motions
  • b) Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus
  • c) Wave motion (plane waves only), longitudinal and transverse waves, superposition of waves
  • d) Progressive and stationary waves
  • e) The vibration of strings and air columns, Resonance, Beats
  • f) The speed of sound in gases; Doppler effect (in sound)

UNIT 10 - ELECTRIC FIELDS

  • a) Coulomb’s law; Electric field and potential
  • b) The electrical potential energy of a system of point charges and of electrical dipoles in a uniform electrostatic field
  • c) Electric field lines; Flux of the electric field
  • d) Gauss’s law and its application in simple cases, such as, to find field due to the infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell

UNIT 11 - CAPACITANCE

  • a) Capacitance, Parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectrics
  • b) Capacitors in series and parallel, Energy stored in a capacitor

UNIT 12 - ELECTRIC CURRENT

  • a) Electric current; Ohm’s law; Series and parallel arrangements of resistances and cells
  • b) Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications
  • c) Heating effect of current

UNIT 13 - MAGNETIC FIELDS

  • a) Biot Savart’s law and Ampere’s law
  • b) Magnetic field near a current-carrying straight wire, along with the axis of a circular coil and inside a long straight solenoid
  • c) Force on a moving charge and on a current-carrying wire in a uniform magnetic field
  • d) The magnetic moment of a current loop; Effect of a uniform magnetic field on a current loop
  • e) Moving coil galvanometer, voltmeter, ammeter and their conversions

UNIT 14 - ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION

  • a) Electromagnetic induction, Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law
  • b) Self and mutual inductance
  • c) RC, LR and LC circuits with D.C. and A.C. sources

UNIT 15 - OPTICS

  • a) Rectilinear propagation of light
  • b) Reflection and refraction at plane and spherical surfaces, total internal reflection
  • c) Deviation and dispersion of light by a prism
  • d) Thin lenses, Combinations of mirrors and thin lenses; Magnification
  • e) Huygen’s principle
  • f) Interference limited to Young’s double-slit experiment

UNIT 16 - ATOMS AND NUCLEI

  • a) Atomic nucleus; Alpha, beta and gamma radiations; Law of radioactive decay
  • b) Decay constant; Half-life and mean life; Binding energy and its calculation; Fission and fusion processes; Energy calculation in these processes
  • c) Photoelectric effect; Bohr’s theory of hydrogen-like atoms; Characteristic and continuous X-rays
  • d) Moseley’s law; de Broglie wavelength of matter waves

Chemistry

UNIT 1 - SOME BASIC CONCEPTS OF CHEMISTRY

  • a) The concept of atoms and molecules, Mole concept, Dalton’s atomic theory
  • b) Balanced chemical equations, Chemical formulas, Calculations on mole concept involving common oxidation and reduction
  • c) Neutralization and displacement reactions
  • d) Concentration in terms of mole fraction, molality, molarity, and normality

UNIT 2 - LIQUID AND GASEOUS STATES

  • a) The absolute scale of temperature, ideal gas equation, Deviation from ideality, van der Waals equation
  • b) Kinetic theory of gases, average, root mean square and most probable velocities and their relation with temperature
  • c) Law of partial pressures, Vapour pressure and Diffusion of gases

UNIT 3 - ATOMIC STRUCTURE AND CHEMICAL BONDING

  • a) Bohr model, the spectrum of a hydrogen atom, quantum numbers, Wave-particle duality, de Broglie hypothesis and Uncertainty principle
  • b) Qualitative quantum mechanical picture of the hydrogen atom, shapes of s, p and d orbitals, Electronic configurations of elements (up to atomic number 36), Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principle and Hund’s rule
  • c) Orbital overlap and the covalent bond; Hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals only; Orbital energy diagrams for homonuclear diatomic species; Hydrogen bond
  • d) Polarity in molecules, dipole moment (qualitative aspects only), VSEPR model and shapes of molecules (linear, angular, triangular, square planar, pyramidal, square pyramidal, trigonal bipyramidal, tetrahedral and octahedral)

UNIT 4 - ENERGETICS

  • a) First law of Thermodynamics, Internal energy, work, and heat
  • b) Pressure-Volume work, Enthalpy, Hess’s law; Heat of reaction, fusion, and vaporization
  • c) The second law of Thermodynamics, Entropy, Free energy, and criterion of spontaneity

UNIT 5 - CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM

  • a) Law of mass action, Equilibrium constant, and Le Chatelier’s principle (effect of concentration, temperature and pressure)
  • b) The significance of Delta G and Delta G0 in chemical equilibrium, Solubility product, common ion effect, pH, and buffer solutions
  • c) Acids and bases (Bronsted and Lewis concepts) and Hydrolysis of salts

UNIT 6 - ELECTROCHEMISTRY

  • a) Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Standard electrode potentials; Nernst equation and its relation to Delta G
  • b) Electrochemical series, emf of galvanic cells, Faraday’s laws of electrolysis
  • c) Electrolytic conductance, specific, equivalent and molar conductivity, Kohlrausch’s law, and Concentration cells

UNIT 7 - CHEMICAL KINETICS

  • a) Rates of chemical reactions, Order of reactions, and Rate constant
  • b) First order reactions, Temperature dependence of rate constant (Arrhenius equation)

UNIT 8 - SOLID STATE

  • a) Classification of solids, crystalline state, and seven crystal systems (cell parameters a, b, c, Alpha, Beta, Gamma)
  • b) Close-packed structure of solids (cubic), packing in fcc, bcc and hcp lattices
  • c) Nearest neighbours, ionic radii, simple ionic compounds, point defects

UNIT 9 - SOLUTIONS

  • a) Raoult’s law, Molecular weight determination from lowering of vapour pressure, the elevation of boiling point and depression of freezing point
  • b) Surface chemistry: Elementary concepts of adsorption (excluding adsorption isotherms)
  • c) Colloids: types, methods of preparation and general properties; Elementary ideas of emulsions, surfactants, and micelles (only definitions and examples)

UNIT 10 - NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY

  • a) Radioactivity: isotopes and isobars, Properties of Alpha, Beta, and Gamma rays
  • b) Kinetics of radioactive decay (decay series excluded), carbon dating
  • c) Stability of nuclei with respect to proton-neutron ratio; Brief discussion on fission and fusion reactions

UNIT 11 - ISOLATION/PREPARATION AND PROPERTIES OF NON-METALS

  • a) Boron, silicon, nitrogen, phosphorus, oxygen, sulphur, and halogens
  • b) Properties of allotropes of carbon (only diamond and graphite), phosphorus and sulphur

UNIT 12 - PREPARATION AND PROPERTIES OF COMPOUNDS

  • a) Oxides, peroxides, hydroxides, carbonates, bicarbonates, chlorides and sulphates of sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium
  • b) Boron: diborane, boric acid, borax, and Aluminium: alumina, aluminium chloride and alums
  • c) Carbon: oxides and oxyacid (carbonic acid), and Silicon: silicones, silicates and silicon carbide
  • d) Nitrogen: oxides, oxyacids and ammonia, and Phosphorus: oxides, oxyacids (phosphorus acid phosphoric acid) and phosphine
  • e) Oxygen: ozone and hydrogen peroxide, and Sulphur: hydrogen sulphide, oxides, sulphurous acid, sulphuric acid and sodium thiosulphate
  • f) Halogens: hydrohalic acids, oxides and oxyacids of chlorine, bleaching powder; Xenon fluorides

UNIT 13 - TRANSITION ELEMENTS (3D SERIES)

  • a) Definition, general characteristics, oxidation states and their stabilities, colour (excluding the details of electronic transitions) and calculation of spin-only magnetic moment
  • b) Coordination compounds: nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, cis-trans and ionisation isomerisms, hybridization and geometries of mononuclear coordination compounds (linear, tetrahedral, square planar and octahedral)

UNIT 14 - PREPARATION AND PROPERTIES OF COMPOUNDS

  • a) Oxides and chlorides of tin, and lead
  • b) Oxides, chlorides and sulphates of Fe2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+
  • c) Potassium permanganate, potassium dichromate, silver oxide, silver nitrate, silver thiosulphate

UNIT 15 - ORES AND MINERALS

  • a) Commonly occurring ores and minerals of iron, copper, tin, lead, magnesium, aluminum, zinc, and silver
  • b) Extractive metallurgy: Chemical principles, and reactions only (industrial details excluded)

UNIT 16 - REDUCTION METHODS

  • a) Carbon reduction method (iron and tin), Self-reduction method (copper and lead), Electrolytic reduction method (magnesium and aluminium), Cyanide process (silver and gold)
  • b) Principles of qualitative analysis: Groups I to V (only Ag+, Hg2+, Cu2+, Pb2+, Bi3+, Fe3+, Cr3+, Al3+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Zn2+, Mn2+ and Mg2+); Nitrate, halides (excluding fluoride), sulphate and sulphide

UNIT 17 - BASIC CONCEPTS OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

  • a) Hybridization of carbon; _ and _-bonds; Shapes of simple organic molecules, Structural and geometrical isomerism, Optical isomerism of compounds containing up to two asymmetric centres, (R,S and E,Z nomenclature excluded)
  • b) IUPAC nomenclature of simple organic compounds (only hydrocarbons, monofunctional, and bifunctional compounds), Conformations of ethane and butane (Newman projections), Resonance and hyperconjugation
  • c) Keto-enol tautomerism, Determination of empirical and molecular formulae of simple compounds (only combustion method); Hydrogen bonds: definition and their effects on physical properties of alcohols and carboxylic acids
  • d) Inductive and resonance effects on acidity and basicity of organic acids and bases, Polarity and inductive effects in alkyl halides
  • e) Reactive intermediates produced during homolytic and heterolytic bond cleavage, Formation, structure and stability of carbocations, carbanions and free radicals

UNIT 18 - PREPARATION, PROPERTIES AND REACTIONS OF ALKENES AND ALKYNES

  • a) Physical properties of alkenes and alkynes (boiling points, density and dipole moments); Acidity of alkynes
  • b) Acid-catalyzed hydration of alkenes and alkynes (excluding the stereochemistry of addition and elimination), Reactions of alkenes with KMnO4 and ozone
  • c) Reduction of alkenes and alkynes; Preparation of alkenes and alkynes by elimination reactions
  • d) Electrophilic addition reactions of alkenes with X2, HX, HOX, and H2O (X=halogen), Addition reactions of alkynes, and Metal acetylides

UNIT 19 - PREPARATION, PROPERTIES AND REACTIONS OF ALKANES

  • a) Homologous series, physical properties of alkanes (melting points, boiling points and density)
  • b) Combustion and halogenation of alkanes
  • c) Preparation of alkanes by Wurtz reaction and decarboxylation reactions

UNIT 20 - REACTIONS OF PHENOL AND BENZENE

  • a) Structure and aromaticity, Electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration, sulphonation, Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation, Effect of o-, m- and p-directing groups in monosubstituted benzenes
  • b) Phenols: Acidity, electrophilic substitution reactions (halogenation, nitration and sulphonation); Reimer-Tiemann reaction, and Kolbe reaction

UNIT 21 - CHARACTERISTIC REACTIONS

  • a) Alkyl halides: rearrangement reactions of alkyl carbocation, Grignard reactions, nucleophilic substitution reactions
  • b) Alcohols: esterification, dehydration and oxidation, reaction with sodium, phosphorus halides, ZnCl2/concentrated HCl, conversion of alcohols into aldehydes and Ketones
  • c) Ethers: Preparation by Williamson’s Synthesis; Aldehydes and Ketones: oxidation, reduction, oxime and hydrazone formation; aldol condensation, Perkin reaction; Cannizzaro reaction; haloform reaction and nucleophilic addition reactions (Grignard addition)
  • d) Carboxylic acids: formation of esters, acid chlorides, and amides, ester hydrolysis
  • e) Amines: basicity of substituted anilines and aliphatic amines, preparation from nitro compounds, reaction with nitrous acid, the azo coupling reaction of diazonium salts of aromatic amines, Sandmeyer and related reactions of diazonium salts; carbylamine reaction
  • f) Haloarenes: nucleophilic aromatic substitution in haloarenes and substituted haloarenes (excluding Benzyne mechanism and Cine substitution)

UNIT 22 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING HALOGENS

  • a) General methods of preparation, properties, and reactions
  • b) Nature of C-X bond
  • c) Mechanisms of substitution reactions
  • d) Uses, Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform, freons, and DDT

UNIT 23 - CARBOHYDRATES

  • a) Classification, mono- and disaccharides (glucose and sucrose), Oxidation, reduction, glycoside formation and hydrolysis of sucrose
  • b) Amino acids and peptides: General structure (only primary structure for peptides) and physical properties
  • c) Properties and uses of some important polymers: Natural rubber, cellulose, nylon, Teflon, and PVC

UNIT 24 - PRACTICAL ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

  • a) Detection of elements (N, S, halogens)
  • b) Detection and identification of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl, amino and nitro
  • c) Chemical methods of separation of mono-functional organic compounds from binary mixtures

Exam Analysis

JEE Advanced 2019 Analysis– JEE Advanced 2019 was conducted from 27 May 2019. Paper I and Paper II together had a total of 54 questions, 18 question from each subject- Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics. Both the papers were for 186 marks each, with each subject contributing to 62 marks. Overall, candidates felt that the exam was more difficult relative to last year's exam. The detailed analysis of JEE Advanced 2019 has been provided below:

Distribution of Questions

There were a total of 146 marks attributed to questions from class 11th syllabus while 226 marks were allocated to questions from class 12th syllabus. The subject-wise breakup is as follows:

Subject Class 11- No. of questions Class 11- Marks Class 12- No. of questions Class 12- Marks Total questions Total marks
Chemistry 11 38 25 86 36 124
Mathematics 14 47 22 77 36 124
Physics 18 61 18 63 36 124
Total 43 146 65 226 108 372

Difficulty level

The overall exam was more difficult compared to JEE Advanced 2018. The Chemistry section was relatively easier and scoring. Mathematics was difficult and had lengthy questions, while Physics had a moderate to difficult level. Overall, easy questions contributed towards 64 marks, moderate questions comprised 172 marks while hard questions contributed towards 136 marks. The detailed sibject-wise analysis if provided below:

Subject Easy- No. of questions Easy- Marks Moderate- No. of questions Moderate- Marks Hard- No. of questions Hard- Marks
Physics 4 13 18 60 14 51
Chemistry 9 31 21 72 6 21
Mathematics 6 20 12 40 18 64
Total 19 64 51 172 38 136

Topic-Wise Analysis

Chemistry: Chemistry was the easiest subject in both paper 1 and 2 and the questions were designed to test the candidates' understanding of concepts. There were fewer questions from Physical Chemsitry. The detailed topic-wise distribution has been provided below.

Topic No. of questions Weightage of Marks
Inorganic Chemistry-I (Chemical Bonding & p block) 4 11.29%
Inorganic Chemistry-II (Coordination compounds, d & f block, Qualitative Analysis, Metallurgy) 6 16.94%
Organic Chemistry-I (General Organic Chemistry) 1 2.42%
Organic Chemistry-II (Aromatic & Carbonyl compounds, Stereoisomerism, Biomolecules, Polymers, Organic Reaction Mechanism, Grignard Reagent, Redox & Hydrolysis) 11 31.45%
Physical Chemistry-I (Chemical Bonding, Equilibrium, Mole concept, Gaseous state, Thermodynamics, Atomic Structure & Nuclear Chemistry) 10 28.23%
Physical Chemistry-II (Chemical Kinetics, Surface Chemistry, Solution & Colligative Properties) 4 9.68%

Physics: Physics questions in both Paper 1 and 2 had a moderate level but the questions were lengthy. ost of the questions were set from Thermodynamics, Optics and Thermodynamics and Electrostatics. The detailed topic-wise distribution has been provided below.

Topic No. of questions Weightage of Marks
Electrodynamics (Capacitance, Electrostatics, Electricity, Electromagnetic Induction) 8 23.39%
Heat & Thermodynamics (KTG & Thermodynamics, Calorimetry & Thermal Expansion) 6 16.13%
Mechanics (Unit & Dimension, Measurement error, Centre of Mass, Gravitation, Projectile Motion, Rigid Body Dynamics, Elasticity & Viscosity, Surface Tension, Work, Power & Energy) 9 25.00%
Modern Physics 4 10.48%
Optics (Geometrical Optics & Physical Optics, Wave Optics) 5 14.52%
SHM & Waves (SHM, Sound waves, String wave) 4 10.48%

Mathematics: Mathematics questions in both Paper 1 and 2 had a moderate to hard level and the questions were time-consuming. Most of the questions were from Algebra, Coordinate Geometry, and Integral Calculus. The detailed topic-wise distribution has been provided below.

Topic No. of questions Weightage of Marks
Algebra 1 2.42%
Complex Numbers 2 4.84%
Coordinate Geometry (Circle & Ellipse) 5 12.90%
Differential Calculus (Functions, Applications of Derivates, Continuity & Differentiability 5 14.52%
Integral Calculus (Definite integration, Differential equation) 6 16.94%
Matrices & Determinants 4 12.10%
Permutation & Combination 2 4.84%
Probability 2 5.65%
Quadratic Equations 1 3.23%
Sequence & Series 1 2.42%
Trigonometry (Solution of Triangle, Inverse Trigonometric function, Trigonometric Ratio & identities) 3 8.87%
Vector & 3D 4 11.29%

Exam Tips

  • Know the exam pattern and syllabus: Candidates must know the exam pattern and detailed syllabus for JEE Advanced before kick-starting the preparation. By going through the JEE Advanced syllabus, they will understand which subjects and topics are used in questions. Since the exam pattern has also varied over the years, candidates should go through the trends in the exam pattern to get an idea of the type of questions and marking scheme.
  • Choose the right books: Relying on too many books can confuse you. Candidates should choose the right books to ensure that they cover all the topics well. The following section provides a list of books recomended by IIT toppers for JEE Advanced preparation across each subject.

Best Physics Books for JEE

Book Author
NCERT Textbooks for Physics NCERT
Concepts of Physics Vol 1 and Vol 2 HC Verma
Fundamentals of Physics Halliday & Resnick
IIT Physics DC Pandey
Problems in General Physics I.E. Irodov
Problems in Physics S.S. Krotov

Best Chemistry Books for JEE

Book Author
NCERT Textbooks for Chemistry NCERT
A textbook of Organic Chemistry Dr. O.P. Tandon
A textbook of Physical Chemistry Dr. O.P. Tandon
Organic Chemistry Peter Sykes
Organic Chemistry M. S. Chauhan
Concise Inorganic Chemistry J. D. Lee
Organic Chemistry Morrison, Boyd, Bhattacharjee
Modern Approach to Chemical Calculations R. C. Mukherjee

Best Mathematics Books for JEE

Book Author
NCERT Textbooks for Mathematics NCERT
Objective Mathematics Vol 1 and Vol 2 R.D. Sharma
Higher Algebra Hall and Knight
Problems in Calculus of One Variable I.A. Maron
Differential Calculus A. Das Gupta
Trigonometry & Geometry: – Plane Trigonometry Part 1 S.L. Loney
Co-ordinate Geometry: – Plane Co-ordinate Geometry S.L. Loney
Course in Mathematics for IIT-JEE Tata McGraw-Hill publications
  • Create a daily schedule: To ensure thorough coverage of the syllabus, candidates must divide their time effectively. This will also help them to have enough time for revision. Aspirants must draft a strict daily schedule and avoid random or weekend preparation sessions. While creating the schedule, candidates should prioritize the topics that require more time. Going through analysis of previous years' JEE exam will help candidates to create a study-plan which targets the most important areas of the exam.
  • Prepare notes/flashcards: While preparing, aspirants should create flashcard and short notes for important concepts/formulae which will help them save time a month before the main exam as the candidates can quickly go through these short notes for revision.
  • De-stress: While preparing for one of India's toughest examinations, stress might make you feel worried and nervous. It is advisable to include stress busters in your daily preparation time table. Stress reduces productivity therefore when you feel stress creeping in, take a small break- a walk in a park, watching your favourite movie, playing a sport or game. These destressing time-outs will help aspirants to overcome anxiety and make them feel fresh and energetic to continue their preparation and write the examination.
  • Practice sample papers and previous year question papers: Solving sample papers and previous-year papers helps candidates assess their level of their preparation. Practicing these JEE Main sample papers will help candidates know different aspects of the exam - the exam pattern, how to manage speed and accuracy and how to manage time. Attempting these sample papers will enlighten candidates about the areas in which they need to put in more effort and subjects where they can build confidence about their preparation.
  • Attempt Mock Tests: Candidates are advised to attempt JEE Advanced mock tests since it will help make candidates comfortable for the D-day as they will be able to acclimatise themselves to the exam conditions.
  • Revision: To brush up their concepts before the exam, candidates should keep at least one month or two for revision. Revision at this stage should be quick and candidates should use the short notes that they make during preparation for this purpose.

Eligibility Criteria

01

The top 2,50,000 rankers in JEE Main 2020 across all categories are eligible to appear for JEE Advanced. The percentage of candidates eligible for admissions under different categories are: GEN- 46.5%; EWS- 4%; OBC NCL- 27%; SC- 15%; ST- 7.5%; PwD- 5% (horizontal across all categories)

02

General and OBC-NCL category candidates born on or after October 1, 1995, can apply for the exam. SC, ST or PwD candidates born on or after October 1, 1990, will be eligible for the exam

03

A candidate can attempt JEE Advanced for a maximum of two times in two consecutive years

04

Candidates can appear for this engineering entrance exam if they have appeared for their Class XII or equivalent exam for the first time in 2019 or 2020

05

Candidate should not have been admitted in an IIT previously irrespective of whether or not he/she continued in the program or accepted an IIT seat. Candidates whose admission at IITs was cancelled after joining any IIT are also not eligible to appear in JEE Advanced 2020. Candidates who have been admitted to a preparatory course in any IIT for the first time in 2019 can appear in JEE Advanced 2020. The candidates who paid seat acceptance fee in 2019 but (i) did not report at any reporting centre OR, (ii) withdrew before the last round of seat allotment, OR, (iii) had their seat cancelled (for whatever reason) before the last round of seat allotment for IITs, during the joint seat allocation in 2019 are eligible to appear in JEE Advanced 2020.

06

Candidates must have secured a minimum of 75% aggregate marks in Class XII (or equivalent) board examination. Candidates in SC, ST and PWD categories show score at least 65%. Alternatively, Candidates should be within category-wise Top 20 percentile of successful candidates in their respective Class XII (or equivalent) board examination

Results

The result for JEE Advanced 2020 will be announced on the official website and candidates will be able to view the results by entering their details like registration number, date of birth, mobile number and email ID to login. The exam conducting authority will also send a text message regarding the declaration of the JEE Advanced 2020 result to candidates' registered mobile number. Candidates will not receive hard copies of their rank cards and it can be downloaded from the official website only after the result announcement.

The JEE Advanced result will include the qualifying status, scores and All India Rank (AIR) of candidates who have appeared for the exam. Only candidates who have appeared for both Paper 1 and Paper 2 will be considered eligible for JEE Advanced ranking. JEE Advanced rank list 2020 will be prepared on the basis of the aggregate marks secured by candidates in the exam (Paper I and Paper II). To be included in the JEE Advanced rank list, candidates need to secure the minimum marks in each subject and in aggregate. These minimum prescribed marks vary from category to category.

JEE Advanced: Tie-Breaking Resolution

In case two or more candidates secure equal aggregate marks in JEE Advanced 2020, then the ranking will be determined using the below mechanism:

  • Candidates with higher positive marks will be awarded a higher rank. If the candidates have the same positive marks, the Step 2 criteria will be put in action.
  • Candidates who secure higher marks in Mathematics will be awarded a higher rank. If the tie still persists, the criteria at Step 3 will be adopted
  • Candidates who score higher marks in Physics will be assigned a higher rank
  • If the tie still persists, the candidates will be assigned the same rank

Cut Off

JEE Advanced cut off marks are the minimum marks required by the candidates to get indlcuded in the JEE Advanced rank list and to be eligible for the counselling process conducted by Joint Seat Allocation Authority (JoSAA). The students are shortlisted for admissions at IITs based on the cutoff marks and ranks secured in the examination. The cut-off will be released along with the results declaration. The below factors determine the JEE Advanced cut-off:

  • Total candidates eligible for JEE Advanced
  • Seat Availability in different IITs
  • The difficulty level of JEE Advanced exam
  • Total candidates appeared
  • Last year’s cutoff trends
  • The overall performance of appearing candidates

JEE Advanced 2019: Qualifying Cutoff

Category GEN EWS OBC
Cutoff 89.75 78.21 74.31

Trends in JEE Advanced Qualifying Cutoff

The category-wise qualifying marks for each subject and overall aggregate for JEE Advanced exam conducted in the last 4 years- 2019, 2018, 2017, and 2016 has been provided below.

JEE Advanced Cutoff Trends: Overall Least Aggregate Marks

Category 2019 2018 2017 2016
Common Rank List (CRL) 35 90 126 75
OBC NCL 31.5 81 115 67
SC/ST/PwD/SC PwD/ST PwD/OBC PwD 17.5 45 64 38

JEE Advanced Cutoff Trends: Minimum Marks in Each Subject

Category 2019 2018 2017 2016
Common Rank List (CRL) 10 12 12 13
OBC NCL 9 11 10 12
SC/ST/PwD/SC PwD/ST PwD/OBC PwD 5 6 6 7

List of Colleges

The 23 IITs and several other premier institutes accept the JEE Advanced score for admission. The list of these institutes is given below:

  • IIT Madras
  • IIT Delhi
  • IIT Bombay
  • IIT Kharagpur
  • IIT Kanpur
  • IIT Roorkee
  • IIT Guwahati
  • IIT Hyderabad
  • IIT Varanasi
  • IIT Indore
  • IIT Dhanbad
  • IIT Bhubaneswar
  • IIT Mandi
  • IIT Patna
  • IIT Gandhinagar
  • IIT Ropar
  • IIT Jodhpur
  • IIT Tirupati
  • IIT Palakkad
  • IIT Dharwad
  • IIT Goa
  • IIT Bhilai
  • IIT Jammu
  • Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore
  • Indian Institute of Petroleum and Energy (IIPE), Visakhapatnam
  • Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER), Bhopal
  • IISER, Mohali
  • IISER, Kolkata
  • IISER, Pune
  • IISER, Thiruvananthapuram
  • Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology (RGIPT), Rae Bareli

FAQs

Ques: Has JEE Advanced Syllabus changed in 2020 or is it still the same?
Ans: The only in the JEE Advanced exam over the years is the exam pattern. The syllabus of the exam is fixed over the years, but there are some topics that differ in JEE Main and Advanced.